corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Galatians 4



Other Authors
Verse 1

Though he be lord of all; though he is to inherit all.

Verse 3

The elements of the world. The Jewish institutions are obviously intended by this expression; but why they are, so designated is not very clear.

Verse 4

The fulness of the time; the full time predicted.--Made under the law; born a. Jew, and consequently under the Mosaic institutions.

Verse 5

To redeem them, &c.; thus showing that they owe their redemption not to their Judaism, but to their Christianity.

Verse 8

The apostle here appears to address the Gentile portion of the Galatian churches.--Ye did service unto, ye were in bondage unto.

Verse 10

Ye observe; that is, religiously; depending upon such observances for acceptance with God.

Verse 12

This passage is evidently elliptical, and is considered obscure.

Verse 13

Through infirmity of the flesh; that is, suffering under infirmity of the flesh. (Comp. 2 Corinthians 12:7.)

Verse 14

As Christ Jesus; as clothed with his authority.

Verse 17

They; the false teachers.--Zealously affect you; pretend to be ardently interested in your welfare.--Exclude you; separate you; that is, from me.

Verse 18

Always in a good thing; that is, to adhere firmly and steadily to what is right.--Not only, &c.; referring to what he had said in Galatians 4:15.

Verse 19

Of whom I travail in birth; for whom I feel the deepest solicitude and anxiety.

Verse 20

To change my voice; that is, to administer admonition and reproof to them, which it had not been necessary to do when he was with them before.

Verse 22

A bond-maid; Hagar.

Verse 24

An allegory; that is, may be regarded as such.--These are the two covenants; may be considered as representing the two covenants.

Verse 25

Is Mount Sinai; that is, represents Mount Sinai in this illustration.

Verse 26

Jerusalem which is above; the spiritual Jerusalem; that is, the body of believers under the gospel.

Verse 27

It is written; Isaiah 54:1.

Verse 29

He that was born after the flesh; Ishmael, the son of Hagar.--Him that was born after the Spirit; Isaac.

Verse 30

Cast out, &c The rejection of Hagar thus represents the rejection of the bondage and servitude entailed by the Jewish law.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Galatians 4:4". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". 1878.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology