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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 John 2



Verse 1

little children. App-108. Seven times in this epistle. Elsewhere only in John 13:33. Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:19. In verses: 1 John 2:2, 1 John 2:13, 1 John 2:18 a different word is used.

unto = to.

that ye . . . sin. Note carefully the telic force of the Greek hina here; "to the end that ye may not (commit) sin (habitually). "

that. Greek. hina.

sin not = may not sin.

sin. App-128.

not. App-105.

if . . . sin = should any man sin, i.e. commit an act of sin

if. App-118.

any man. App-123.

advocate. Greek. parakletos. See John 14:16. Compare Romans 8:34.

with. App-104.

Father. App-98.

Jesus Christ. App-98. XL

righteous. App-191.

Verse 2

propitiation. Greek. hilasmos. Only here and 1 John 4:10. Several times in the Septuagint Leviticus 25:9. Numbers 5:8, &c. Compare Romans 3:25.

sins. App-128.

not. App-105.

ours. Greek. hemeteros. Emphatic.

also. This should follow "world".

world. App-129. Compare John 3:16. Romans 5:18, Romans 5:19; 2 Corinthians 5:15.

Verse 3

hereby = in (App-104.) this.

know. App-132. The second "know" is in perf. tense, as in 1 John 2:4 also.

Verse 4

truth. See 1 John 1:6.

Verse 5

word. App-121.

love. App-135.

God. App-98.

perfected. App-125.

Verse 6

abideth. See p. 1511.

even as. Greek. kathos. The expression "as He", referring to the Son, Occurs six times in this epistle. See 1 John 3:2, 1 John 3:3, 1 John 3:7, 1 John 3:23; 1 John 4:17, and Compare 1 John 1:7.

Verse 7

no = not, as 1 John 2:2.

new. Greek. kainos. See Matthew 9:17.

from the beginning. Greek. ap" (App-104.) arches. See 1 John 1:1.

have. Omit.

from, &c. The texts omit.

Verse 8

true. App-175.

is past = passes away. Greek. parago, as 1 John 2:17.

true. App-175.

light. App-130.

now = already. Greek. ede.

shineth. App-106.

Verse 9

even until. Greek. heos.

now. Greek. arti.

Verse 10

loveth. App-135.

occasion, &c. Greek. skandalon. See Romans 9:33.

Verse 11

knoweth. App-132.

goeth. Compare John 12:35.

hath. Omit.

blinded. Greek. tuphloo. See 2 Corinthians 4:4.

Verse 12

are forgiven. App-174.

for, &c. = on account of (App-104. 1 John 2:2)

His name.

Verse 13

young men. App-108.

overcome. See John 16:33.

wicked. App-128.

write. The texts read "wrote".

little children. Here and in 1 John 2:18 the word paidion (App-108.) is used.

Verse 14

have written = wrote.

Verse 15

neither. Greek. mede.

Verse 16

pride. Greek. alazoneia. Only here and James 4:16 (boastings).

life. App-170.

of. App-104.

Verse 17

will. App-102.

for ever. App-151. a.

Verse 18

last time = last hour. Compare Acts 2:17.

have. Omit.

antichrist. Compare John 5:43. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-9.

shall come = cometh.

are there = have arisen.

whereby = whence.

Verse 19

from. App-104.

if. App-118.

continued. Same as "abide", 1 John 2:6.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

made manifest. App-106.

Verse 20

But = And.

unction. Greek. chrisma. Only here and 1 John 2:27. For the verb chrio see 2 Corinthians 1:21.

Verse 22

a = the. Compare John 8:44. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 (the lie).

but = except. Greek. ei me.

denieth. Greek. arneomai. Always "deny" save Acts 7:35; Hebrews 11:24 (both "refused").

Jesus. App-98.

is = is not (App-105). A negative sometimes follows such verbs as arneomai. Compare the French usage.

Christ. App-98.

Son. App-108.

Verse 23

the same = he.

not. Greek. oude.

he that, &c. This clause is added by all the texts.

acknowledgeth = confesseth, as Matthew 10:32, &c.

Verse 24

remain. Same as "abide", 1 John 2:6.

Verse 25

promise. Greek. epangelia, the only occurance in John"s writings.

hath. Omit.

eternal. App-151.

life. App-170. See 1 John 1:2.

Verse 26

seduce = lead astray, or cause to err.

Verse 27

anointing. Same as "unction", 1 John 2:20.

of = concerning.

truth = true. App-175.

no lie = not (App-105) a lie.

ye shall. Omit.

Him. Greek. it.

Verse 28

when. The texts read "if" (App-118).

appear. Same as "made manifest", 1 John 2:19.

confidence. Greek. parrhesia. See Acts 28:31.

ashamed. Greek. aischuno. See 2 Corinthians 10:8.

before = from. App-104.

at = in. App-104.

coming. See Matthew 24:3.

Verse 29

righteous. App-191.

doeth = practiseth. Greek. poieo, as 1 John 3:7, 1 John 3:10.

righteousness. App-191.

born = begotten. A Latin MS., the Fleury Palimpsest, instead of "ashamed, &c.", reads "confounded by Him. If in His presence ye have known Him that is faithful, know that every one that doeth the truth hath been born of Him. "


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 John 2:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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