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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Kings 19



Verse 1

how he had slain: or, all about how he had slain.

all. Some codices, with Septuagint, omit this word "all".

Verse 2

to me. These words in italics are read in some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate. Compare 1 Kings 20:10.

Verse 3

he arose. Some codices, with Aramaean Manuscript, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "And he feared and arose".

servant = young man.

Verse 4

himself = his soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 6

cake. cruse. Elijah miraculously fed three times. See notes on 1 Kings 17:4, 1 Kings 17:6.

Verse 8

forty. The number of Probation. See App-10.

Horeb. About 180 miles.

Verse 9

lodged = passed the night.

What. ? Figure of speech Anthropopatheia (App-6), as though He did not know.

Verse 10

the LORD God of hosts. First occurrence of this title. See App-4= Jehovah Elohim zeb"aoth. It occurs in 2 Samuel 5:10, but in narrative, not address. "The LORD (Jehovah) God (Elohim) of hosts" occurs only here in Kings and Chronicles. Often in Psalms (1 Kings 59:6; 1 Kings 69:6; 1 Kings 80:4, 1 Kings 80:19; 1 Kings 84:8; 1 Kings 89:8). In Isaiah 10:23, Isaiah 10:24; Isaiah 22:5, Isaiah 22:12, Isaiah 22:14, Isaiah 22:15; Isaiah 28:22. Jeremiah 2:19; Jeremiah 5:14; Jeremiah 15:16; Jeremiah 35:17; Jeremiah 49:5; Jeremiah 50:25, Jeremiah 50:31. Hosea 12:5. Amos 5:15. After the return from captivity "LORD of hosts" occurs fourteen times in Haggai; about fifty in Zechariah; and twenty-five in Malachi. But "LORD God of hosts" is not found in those books.

children = sons.

thrown, &c. Quoted in Romans 11:2, Romans 11:3.

altars. There were lay altars (local) for customary individual offerings by laymen, as well as at Jerusalem. These had no horns.

I. I. Figure of speech Epizeuxis. App-6.

Verse 11

Go forth. Septuagint adds "to-morrow".

wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 12

a still small voice = the sound of stillness. Compare Job 4:16. Septuagint = a gentle breeze, usually misquoted "the still", &c.

Verse 13

wrapped: as Moses at the bush (Exodus 3:6).

said. Some codices, with Syriac, add "unto him". Compare 1 Kings 19:9.

Verse 15

on thy way = to thy way: i.e. out of which he had deviated.

anoint: i.e. cause to be anointed. Compare 2 Kings 9:1-7.

Verse 16

son of Nimshi. Son put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for grandson or descendant (2 Kings 9:2).

Elisha = El = my GOD [is] salvation.

Verse 17

the sword. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for judgments inflicted by it. Compare 2Ki 9 and 2Ki 10. The first prophecy given to Elijah.

Elisha slay: i.e. declare should be slain. Hebrew idiom. See Jeremiah 1:10. Hosea 6:5.

Verse 18

I have left, &c., Romans 11:4.

bowed. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct),

kissed. for worshipping. Compare Hosea 3:12.

kissed him. Hebrew kissed to him. Compare Job 31:26, Job 31:27.

Verse 19

twelve: seven separate ploughs following each other. Often seen to-day.

mantle. Compare Zechariah 13:4.

Verse 20

what have I done. ? Figure of speech Erotesis (App-6), or "what is the meaning of what I did? "

Verse 21

instruments = implements. Compare 2 Samuel 24:22.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 19:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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