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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Samuel 18



Verse 1

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Jonathan. At this time he was about forty; and about fifty-three or fifty-four when he died. He would be about twenty-four years older than David, and his love was maternal in character. Ish-bosheth, Saul"s second son, was forty at his father"s death (2 Samuel 2:10).

Verse 3

made = solemnised.

Verse 4

and. Mark the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in verses: 1 Samuel 18:4-5.

Verse 5

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

Verse 6

Philistine. Authorized Version and Revised Version margin "Philistines". dancing. A great celebration. Twice referred to later (1 Samuel 21:11; 1 Samuel 29:5). Compare subscription of Psa 52, which is mahalath = the great dancing".

tabrets. Hebrew. toph = drums of various sizes.

Verse 8

the = this.

Verse 10

evil. See note on 1 Samuel 16:16.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Verse 11

cast the javelin. Another attempt of Satan to thwart Jehovah"s purpose in Genesis 3:15, and prevent the "seed of the woman "from coming into the world. See App-23 and App-25, and the Structure of "V" (1 Samuel 19:9 - 1 Samuel 20:1 -), p. 394.

Verse 12

afraid. Hebrew Greek" apprehensive. Compare 1 Samuel 18:15.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

and was departed. Ch. 1 Samuel 16:14-23 comes in here, chronologically. It is placed after 1 Samuel 16:1-13 by Figure of speech Hysterologia (App-6) in order to lay bare to us the secret workings underneath the history. See notes on 1 Samuel 16:14; 1 Samuel 17:1.

Verse 15

afraid. Hebrew. nur = shrank from, sore afraid; stronger than 1 Samuel 18:12.

Verse 17

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

valiant. Hebrew son of valour.

Let not mine hand, &c. Compare David and Uriah. 2 Samuel 11:15.

Verse 19

was given = had (already) been given. This is the key to 1 Samuel 20:30.

Verse 23

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

Verse 27

his men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

men. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

they: i.e. Saul"s servants. Septuagint and Vulgate read "he".

Verse 28

Michal Saul"s daughter. Septuagint reads "all Israel", accounting for his greater fear (1 Samuel 18:29).

Verse 30

after = whenever; or, as often as.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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