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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Samuel 2



Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Mine horn. First occurrence. Part ofhead-dress over which the veil is thrown hanging over the shoulders; mothers making it more perpendicular. This is now fast becoming extinct. Compare 2 Samuel 22:3. Psalms 75:4. Luke 1:69.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah (App-4.). Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "My God". App-4. Compare 1 Samuel 2:17.

Verse 2

none holy. This is the cry of all His saints. See note on Ex. 1 Samuel 15:11. holy. See note on Exodus 3:5. any rock. Compare Deuteronomy 32:4. 2 Samuel 22:32.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Verse 3

exceeding proudly. This is the true rendering of the Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6). Hebrew "proudly, proudly". not. The latter of two or more negatives not necessary in Hebrew An Ellipsis must be supplied, as here. See note on Genesis 2:6.

GOD = El. App-4.

Verse 5

children = sons.

Verse 6

the grave. Hebrew. Sheol. App-35.

Verse 8

the poor: i.e. the oppressed. Compare Psalms 113:7. pillars. Hebrew. mazuk = that which is set fast. Occurs only here and 1 Samuel 14:5, where it is rendered "situate".

Verse 9

wicked = lawless. See App-44.

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

Verse 10

Out of heaven. See 1 Samuel 7:10.

His king. First occurrence. Compare Psalms 2:6.

His Anointed = His Messiah. The first occurrence as used of Christ. So Septuagint and Vulgate.

Anointed. Septuagint reads "Christos" = Christ.

Verse 11

child = youth.

Verse 13

offered. Hebrew. zabah. App-43.

in seething = boiling.

Verse 14

took for himself. Robbing the offerers of their own portion. See Leviticus 7:31-35. Deuteronomy 18:3.

Verse 15

they: i.e. not the offerer, but the priest for him. Give flesh. This was contrary to Leviticus 3:16; Leviticus 7:23, Leviticus 7:25, Leviticus 7:30, Leviticus 7:31. = boiled.

Verse 16

burn (as incense). See App-43.

presently = now, immediately, without delay, at once. This English meaning is now obsolete.

thy soul = thou (emph.) Hebrew. nephesh. App-13. him, Nay. "Nay" is to be read, instead of "him". In some codices, with three early printed editions, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate.

Verse 17

sin. Hebrew. chata". App-44.

men. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.

Verse 18

a linen ephod. Not the High Priest"s, but a simple linen robe of the ordinary priests and Levites and others. Samaritan Pentateuch 1 Samuel 22:18. 2 Samuel 6:14, Compare Exodus 28:42. Leviticus 6:10.

Verse 20

loan which is lent = the great gift. Figure of speech Polyptoton, for emphasis. App-6.

Verse 22

door = entrance.

tabernacle = tent of meeting.

Verse 23

Why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

evil. Hebrew. ra`a`. App-44.

by = from.

Verse 24

for. Hebrew has the disjunctive accent on this word (Great Telisha), emphasising the guilt of Hophni and Phinehas as (1) a public scandal (1 Samuel 2:23); (2) a cause of stumbling (1 Samuel 2:24); (3) a sin against Jehovah (1 Samuel 2:25). to transgress, or cry out. Hebrew `abar. App-44.

Verse 25

the judge = God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4. who. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

Verse 27

man of God : i.e. a prophet. See Deuteronomy 33:1 and App-49. Compare Judges 13:6.

Did I plainly . . . ? = I did indeed, with Septuagint, Aramaean, and Syriac.
appear=reveal Myself.
they. Aaron as well as Moses was in Pharaoh"s house. See note on Exodus 4:27.

were. Septuagint reads "were servants". Compare Deuteronomy 5:6.

Verse 28

to offer. See App-43.

burn incense. See App-43.

thy father: i.e. Aaron. Exodus 29:27, Exodus 29:28. Leviticus 10:14.

children = sons.

Verse 29

kick. Compare Deuteronomy 32:15; its only other occurrence.

offering = gift offerings. See App-43.

Verse 31

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

arm = seed.

Verse 32

see an enemy. Compare Psalms 78:60-64.

Verse 33

thine. Septuagint reads "his".

grieve. Hebrew. "adab. Occurs only here.

heart = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

in the flower of their age. Septuagint reads "with the sword of men".

Verse 34

die both. See 1 Samuel 4:11.

Verse 35

mind = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 36

to him: i.e. to the Anointed [king] of 1 Samuel 2:10, already pointing to the High Priest as being no longer the judge, but subordinate to the king.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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