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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Deuteronomy 3



Verse 1

Bashan. Compare Numbers 21:33, Numbers 21:34.

came out. Og was the aggressor. Numbers 21:33.

Verse 2

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

said. See note on Deuteronomy 2:9.

hand. Some codices, with three early printed editions, Septuagint, and Vulgate, read "hands".

as = according as.

Verse 3

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4. del

ivered. Compare Deuteronomy 2:36.

Verse 4

threescore cities. They can all be seen, and counted today. (See Dr. Porter"s Giant Cities of Bashan.)

region. Hebrew = "cord". Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the region marked out by it.

Argob. Compare 1 Kings 4:13. Psalms 136:18-22

Verse 5

cities. See note on Deuteronomy 3:4.

Verse 6

destroyed . . . destroying = devoted to destruction. Hebrew. haram. Compare Deuteronomy 7:2.

men. Hebrew. methim = adult males. App-14.

women. Some codices, with The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "and the women".

Verse 7

spoil. For laws regulating this, see Num 31.

Verse 8

on this side = across, a neutral term. See note on Deuteronomy 1:1.

unto. Some codices, with Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "and (or even) unto".

Hermon = high mountain.

Verse 9

Which. Note these topographical parentheses, verses: Deuteronomy 3:9, Deuteronomy 3:11, Deuteronomy 3:14, Compare Deuteronomy 2:20-23, Deuteronomy 2:29.

Sirion = breastplate.

Shenir = coat of mail.

Verse 10

Gilead = the rough country.

Verse 11

giants. Hebrew "Rephaim", descendants of one Rapha, a branch of the Nephilim. See App-25.

behold. A special various reading called Sevir (see App-34) reads "and behold".

bedstead = bed or couch, but not the usual word which is mishkab. It is "eres, and is exactly the same measurement as the tomb of Marduk in Babylon. The mythological significance of "eres (Bab. irsu) is nuptial bed, or funeral couch. Probably = tomb.

iron. Probably basalt.

is it not. ? Figure of speech Erotesis (App-6), f"or emphasis.

Rabbath was the capital of Ammon, where the temple of Milchom was: and where Og"s tomb would naturally be.

children = sons.

cubits. See App-51.

cubit of a man = a common cubit = a man"s forearm.

Verse 12

at that time. Compare Numbers 32:33; Numbers 21:24. Joshua 12:1-6; Joshua 13:8-12, Joshua 13:15-32.

Verse 14

coasts = borders.

Bashan-havoth-jair = the villages (or cluster of villages) of Jair in Bashan. Hebrew. Havoth = towns, used only of Jair"s. Compare Numbers 32:41. Joshua 13:30. Judges 10:4. 1 Kings 4:13. 1 Chronicles 2:23.

unto this day: unto the time of writing. Here the time mentioned is from Num 21 to the eleventh month of the fortieth year (Deuteronomy 1:3).

Verse 17

Chinnereth. Afterward called Gennesaret, compare Numbers 34:11. Joshua 19:35. So called from its shape, kinnor, a harp.

the plain. Hebrew. "Arabah. See Deuteronomy 1:1.

Ashdoth-pisgah = the springs of Pisgah. Note the Figure of speech Polyonymia (App-6) in this verse.

Verse 18

I commanded. See Numbers 32:20-24.

meet for the war. Hebrew = sons of valour. Figure of speech Antimereia (of Noun), App-6= valiant men. Emphasis on valiant. Compare 2 Samuel 2:7. 1 Kings 1:52.

Verse 20

return. Compare Joshua 22:4.

Verse 22

not fear. Compare Deuteronomy 1:29, Deuteronomy 1:30. Ex. Deuteronomy 14:13, Deuteronomy 14:14.

Verse 24

Lord GOD = Adonai J"ehovah. See App-4. This prayer not mentioned elsewhere.

hand. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), put for works wrought by the hand.

Verse 25

the good land. Compare Psalms 106:24. Numbers 13:27.

Verse 26

wroth. See Numbers 20:12.

said. See note on Deuteronomy 2:9.

Verse 27

westward, &c. The points of the compass here are seaward, darkness-ward, Teman-ward, and sunrise-ward. Teman-ward (i.e. south of Edom) first used for south in Exodus 26:18. See Numbers 27:12.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton, App-6, emphasizing the extent of the view. not go over. Compare Numbers 27:13.

Verse 28

charge Joshua. Compare Numbers 27:18, Numbers 27:19.

Verse 29

Beth-peor = the house (or temple) of Peor, where Baal was worshipped (Numbers 23:28; Numbers 25:3. Numbers 4:3, Here Moses was buried (Deuteronomy 34:6). It was a Moabite holy place (Numbers 25:18; Numbers 25:31, Numbers 25:16. Joshua 22:17). Allotted to Reuben (Joshua 13:20).


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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