corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ecclesiastes 10

 

 

Verse 1

Dead flies. Hebrew flies of death: i.e. flies that bring or produce death. Supply the Figure of speech Ellipsis, "[as] dead".

cause = [are that which will] cause, &c.

to send forth a stinking savour = to stink [and] fer-ment. Figure of speech Hendiadys. App-6.

folly = stupidity. Hebrew. sakal. Same root as in Ecclesiastes 10:6. See note on Proverbs 1:7.

him. Note the Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6): "So doth stupidity [cause] him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour [to send forth an offensive savour]".

wisdom. Hebrew. chakmah. See note on Ecclesiastes 1:2.


Verse 2

fool"s = dullard"s. Hebrew. kesil = fat, inert. Same word as in Ecclesiastes 10:12. See note on Proverbs 1:7.


Verse 3

fool. Hebrew. sakal. Same word as in verses: Ecclesiastes 10:6, Ecclesiastes 10:14, not verses: Ecclesiastes 10:2, Ecclesiastes 10:12, Ecclesiastes 10:15.

wisdom = beart.

saith = tells. See note on Proverbs 1:7.

he = he himself (emph.)


Verse 4

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

yielding, &c. = gentleness preventeth greater outrages.


Verse 5

evil. Hebrew. ra"a". App-44.

under the sun. See note on Ecclesiastes 1:3.


Verse 6

Folly = a great dullard. Hebrew. sakal, as in verses: Ecclesiastes 10:1, Ecclesiastes 10:3, Ecclesiastes 10:3, Ecclesiastes 10:14.

in great dignity = in many high positions.


Verse 7

horses. No evidence of a late origin of this book, for we read of them in 1 Kings 4:26, 1 Kings 4:28; 1 Kings 10:26, 1 Kings 10:28; 1 Kings 22:4. 2 Kings 9:33; 2 Kings 14:20. If not in common use, it was because of the Law (Deuteronomy 17:16); and because of Solomon"s disobedience (1 Kings 10:28. 2 Chronicles 1:16, 2 Chronicles 1:17; 2 Chronicles 9:28).

upon the earth. See note on Ecclesiastes 5:2.


Verse 8

hedge = a wall built of loose stones without mortar. Hebrew. gader, used especially of sheep-folds (Numbers 32:16, Numbers 32:24, Numbers 32:36; 1 Samuel 24:3). Zephaniah 2:6); also for fencing pathways between the vineyards (Numbers 22:24. Psalms 62:3; Psalms 80:12). The crevices between the loose stones form hiding-places for lizards and other creeping things.


Verse 13

foolishness. Hebrew. sakal, as in verses: Ecclesiastes 10:3, Ecclesiastes 10:6, Ecclesiastes 10:14.

madness. See note on Ecclesiastes 1:17.


Verse 15

labour = toil.

foolish. Hebrew. kesil, as in Ecclesiastes 10:2 and Ecclesiastes 10:12; not sakal, as in verses: Ecclesiastes 10:3, Ecclesiastes 10:6, Ecclesiastes 10:13, Ecclesiastes 3:14.


Verse 17

Blessed = Happy. Hebrew. "ashrey. The only occurrence in this book.


Verse 18

building decayeth = the roof falleth in.

droppeth through = leaketh.


Verse 19

wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27.

maketh merry = will gladden life. Compare Psalms 104:15.

answereth all things = maketh everything respond [to their requirements]: i.e. will procure both [feast and wine]. See note on Ecclesiastes 5:19, the only two occurrences of "anah in this book.


Verse 20

Curse not the king = Revile not a king.

in thy thought = in thy secret thought: i.e. with all thy [acquired] knowledge. Hebrew. madda", a rare word. Occurs only six times. Rendered "thought", here; "knowledge" (2 Chronicles 1:10, 2 Chronicles 1:11, 2 Chronicles 1:12. Daniel 1:17); "science" (Daniel 1:4).

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 10:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ecclesiastes-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology