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E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ezekiel Overview

 

 


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THE BOOK OF THE PROPHET EZEKIEL.

THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK AS A WHOLE.


(
Introversion and Extended Alternation )

Ezekiel 1:1 - Ezekiel 12:28. THE DESOLATION.
Ezekiel 13:1-25. PROPHETS AND PROPHETESSES.
Ezekiel 14:1-11. ELDERS.
Ezekiel 14:12 - Ezekiel 15:8. THE LAND AND CITY. (JUDGMENT.)
Ezekiel 16:1-63. JERUSALEM. (DESERTED INFANT.)
Ezekiel 17:1-24. BABYLONIAN WAR. (PARABLE.)
Ezekiel 18:1-32. THE PEOPLE. PROVERB. (SOUR GRAPES.)
Ezekiel 19:1-14. THE PRINCES OF ISRAEL.
Ezekiel 20:1-44. ELDERS.
Ezekiel 20:45-22:31. THE LAND AND CITY. (JUDGMENTS.)
Ezekiel 23:1-49. JERUSALEM. (TWO SISTERS.)
Ezekiel 24:13 - Ezekiel 32:32. BABYLONIAN WAR. (PARABLE.)
Ezekiel 33:1-22. THE PEOPLE. SIGN. (WATCHMAN.)
Ezekiel 33:23-33. THE INHABITANT OF THE WASTES.
Ezekiel 34:1-31. SHEPHERDS AND FLOCK.
Ezekiel 35:1 - Ezekiel 48:35. THE RESTORATION.


NOTES ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK OF EZEKIEL.

For the Canonical order and place of the Prophets, see Appdx-1 and p. 1206. For the Chronological order of the Prophets, see Appdx-77. For the Inter-relation of the Prophetical Books, see Appdx-78. For the Formulae of Prophetic utterances, see Appdx-82. For the Chronological order of Ezekiel""s prophecy, see below. For the References to the Pentateuch in the Prophetical Books, see Appdx-92. For the Plan of Ezekiel""s temple, see Appdx-88.

The Canonical order of Ezekiel""s prophecies is
Logical , but not strictly Chronological . Later utterances and visions are recorded in their logical connections rather than in their historical sequence. This latter is noted, so that we make no mistake. When this fact is observed, and the records discriminated, the meaning becomes perfectly clear. See the table below.
They may be set out as follows:

THE DATED YEARS IN EZEKIEL.
These are
thirteen in number, and cover a period of twenty-one years (a period of three sevens):viz. from 484-3 to 463-2 B.C. Arranged chronologically, the seventh stands in the center, with six on either side. Reckoning the three in the 11th year as one year, and the three in the 12th year, as one year, we have nine several years:viz. the 5th, 6th, 7th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th ( seven ):and then, after a break of thirteen years, we have two :viz. the 25th and 27th.

Year of the Captivity of Jehoiachin.

Month.

Day

Chapters

B.C.

5th

4th Thammuz (July)

5th

Ezekiel 1:1-2

484

5th

4th Thammuz (July)

12th

Ezekiel 3:16

484

6th

6th Elul (Sept.)

5th

Ezekiel 8:1

483

7th

5th Ab (Aug.)

10th

Ezekiel 20:1

482

9th

10th Tebeth (Jan.)

10th

Ezekiel 24:1

480

10th

10th Tebeth (Jan.)

12th

Ezekiel 29:1

479

11th

1st Abid, or Nisan (April)1

1st

Ezekiel 26:1

478

11th

1st Abid, or Nisan (April)

7th

Ezekiel 30:20

478

478

478

478

478

478

These prophecies were uttered before the fall of Jerusalem.

12th12th Adar (March)1stEzekiel 32:1477

12th

12th Adar (March)2

15th

Ezekiel 32:17

477

12th

10th (Tebeth (Jan.)

5th

Ezekiel 33:21

477

25th

1st Abid, or Nisan (April)

10th

Ezekiel 40:1

465

27th

1st Abid, or Nisan (April)

1st

Ezekiel 29:17

463

These prophecies were uttered at and after the fall of Jerusalem.


...because the visions of ch. 1 and 10 had already been seen, and the one recorded in ch. 10 is said to have been similar to that already seen in ch. 1. Moreover, if it be in succession to the 27th
year, why is it brought into the very beginning of the book without any reason being assigned, or hint given?

The 30th year of
Ezekiel 1:1 cannot have anything to do with Ezekiel""s age, or with the commencement of his service as priest; for this is to misread Numbers 4:3, which states that "all that enter into the host, to do the work of the tabernacle", were taken after the end of the 29th
year, "from thirty years old and upward, even until fifty years". Moreover, this thirty years"" rule was abrogated by Divine direction to David in
1 Chronicles 23:24-27 (cp. 2 Chronicles 31:17), and changed to "twenty years old and upward".

The 30th year cannot be fitted into any sequence of dates commencing with the fifth year of Jehoiachin""s Captivity (
Ezekiel 1:2), which, in
and 40:1, he speaks of as "our captivity".

It must therefore be a cross-date to some unnamed
terminus a quo , thirty years before the 5th year of the Captivity. This fixes it as being that epoch-making year 513 B.C., which was the year of Josiah""s great Passover, and of the finding the Book of the Law in the 18th
year of King Josiah. From 513 B.C. to 484 B.C. is exactly twenty-nine complete years. So also reckons the learned Prideaux (
Connection , vol. 1, p.71, McCaul""s ed., 1845)

1 No month is named; but, by comparing
Ezekiel 30:20, it must be the 1st month.
2 No month is named; but it was probably the same as in
Ezekiel 1:1.

Ezekiel . In Heb. Y heze el = yehazzek-el = El is strong, or El strengthens (cp. Isra-el, Genesis 32:28). Of the four greater prophets, Ezekiel and Daniel (who prophesied in Babylonia) are compounded with "El" (Appdx-4. IV); while Isaiah and Jeremiah (who prophesied in the land) are compound with "Jah". Ezekiel was a priest (Ezekiel 1:3), carried away eleven years before the destruction of the city and temple (Ezekiel 1:2; Ezekiel 33:21, 2 Kings 24:14). He dwelt in his own house (Ezekiel 8:1. Cp. Jeremiah 29:5). He was married; and his wife died in the year when the siege of Jerusalem began.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel:4 Overview". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-0.html. 1909-1922.

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