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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ezekiel 18



Verse 1

The word = And the word.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Verse 2

the land = the soil. Hebrew. "admatk. See note on Ezekiel 11:17. The fathers, &c. Compare Jeremiah 31:29, Jeremiah 31:30.

children"s = sons.

Verse 3

saith the Lord GOD = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.

the Lord God. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.

any more. This refers to a future time, which has not yet come (Jeremiah 31:29, Jeremiah 31:30). Till then it is otherwise (Ezekiel 21:3. Lamentations 5:2), and has been since Gen 3. Compare Romans 5:12-21.

Verse 4

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

souls = persons. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

sinneth. Descendants were not punished for the sins of their ancestors, unless they persevered in their ancestors" sins. Compare Exodus 20:5. Matthew 23:30-32. Here Hebrew. chata", App-44.

die. Die and live in this chapter are used in the sense of Ezekiel 8:18.

Verse 5

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

Verse 6

eaten, &c. Implies sacrificing and partaking of the idolatrous feast. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 12:2 compared with verses: Ezekiel 18:11, Ezekiel 18:15). App-92.

hath lifted up his eyes, he. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for worship.

defiled, Be. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:20; Leviticus 20:10).

come near. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:19; Leviticus 20:18).

Verse 7

hath not oppressed, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:21. Leviticus 25:14. Deuteronomy 23:10). App-92.

hath restored, he. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:26. Deuteronomy 24:6, Deuteronomy 24:10, Deuteronomy 24:12, Deuteronomy 24:13). App-92.

hath given his bread, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 15:7, Deuteronomy 15:8).

Verse 8

hath not given forth, &c. Ref". to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:25, Leviticus 25:36, Leviticus 25:37. Deuteronomy 23:19). App-92.

iniquity = trickery. Hebrew. "aval. App-44. Not the same word as in verses: Ezekiel 18:17, Ezekiel 18:18, Ezekiel 18:19, Ezekiel 17:20, Ezekiel 17:30.

hath executed, he. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 19:15, Leviticus 19:35. Deuteronomy 1:16, Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 16:18-20). App-92.

Verse 9

Hath walked, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:5. Deuteronomy 4:1; Deuteronomy 5:1; Deuteronomy 5:6, Deuteronomy 5:1, Deuteronomy 5:2; Deuteronomy 10:12, Deuteronomy 10:13; Deuteronomy 11:1).

he shall surely live. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:5),

live. See note on Leviticus 18:5.

Verse 10

a robber. Ref to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:2. Leviticus 19:13), a shedder of blood. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 9:6. Exodus 21:12. Numbers 35:31). App-92.

Verse 13

his blood shall be upon him. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 20:9, Leviticus 20:11, Leviticus 20:12, Leviticus 20:13, Leviticus 20:16, Leviticus 20:27). App-92.

Verse 15

hath not, &c. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "and bath not", &c.

Verse 17

the poor = the oppressed. The Septuagint reads "injustice", as in Ezekiel 18:8.

iniquity. Hebrew. "avah. App-44. Not the same word as in or. Ezekiel 8:24, Ezekiel 8:26.

Verse 18

people = peoples

Verse 20

The son, he. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 24:26). App-92.

the righteous = a righteous one.

wickedness . . . the wicked. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew text margin, with some codices and three early printed editions, read lawless ones".

Verse 21

all his sins. Hebrew text reads "any sin of his"; but the margin, some codices, and two early printed editions, read "all his sins".

he shall not die, Note the Figure of speech Pleonasm (App-6), here, Some codices, with one early printed edition, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "and not die".

Verse 22

transgressions. Heb, pasha". App-44.

mentioned unto = remembered against, No "purgatory "here.

Verse 23

Have I any pleasure. ? Answered in Ezekiel 18:32.

ways. Many codiecs, with eight early printed editions, read plural; but others, with Aramaean, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "way" (singular)

saith the Lord GOD = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.

Verse 24

righteousness. So Hebrew text; but margin, with scone codices and one early printed edition, read plural = "none of his righteous acts The Hebrew verb is plural

trespass. trespassed. Hebrew. ma" al. App-44.

Verse 25

the LORD. This is one of the 134 places where the Sopherim say that they changed "Jehovah" of the primitive text to "Adonai". See App-32.

equal, See note on "pondereth", Proverbs 21:2, unequal. Note the Figure of speech Anticategoria (App-6).

Verse 31

whereby, &c. The = Septuagint reads "which ye have committed against Me".

heart. spirit. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for all that is of the spirit, and not of the flesh. Compare Luke 1:44, Luke 1:47. John 4:24. "The flesh profiteth nothing" (John 6:63).

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-49.

Verse 32

I have no pleasure. This is the answer to the question in Ezekiel 18:23.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 18:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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