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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ezekiel 22

 

 

Verse 1

the LORD Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4. Ih


Verse 2

son of man. See note on Ezekiel 2:1.

judge = pronounce judgment on. See Ezekiel 20:4; Ezekiel 23:36.

bloody city = city of bloods: bloods (plural of Majesty) much blood. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Sebjeet), App-6, for great bloodshed: referring to those put to death for the truth"s sake by the wicked rulers. So in Cr Ezekiel 3:4, Ezekiel 6:12, Ezekiel 6:27.

abominations = idolatries.


Verse 3

the Lord GOD. Hebrew. Adonai Jehovah. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.

idols = manufactured gods.


Verse 4

days. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the judgment inflicted in them.

come even unto. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "hast entered the time of".

have I made thee a reproach . . . mocking. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:37). These words occur nowhere else. App-92.

heathen = nations.


Verse 5

those: i.e. those cities,

much vexed = full of confusion.


Verse 6

Behold. Figure of speech Asteriemes. App-6.

princes = leaders.

to their = according to their.


Verse 7

set light by, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 27:16).

dealt by oppression . . . vexed, &c. Ref to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:21, Exodus 22:22). App-92.


Verse 8

holy. See note on Exodus 3:6.

profaned My sabbaths, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 19:30).


Verse 9

men. Hebrew, plural of "enesh. App-14. Hebrew men of slander.

carry tales, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 19:16). App-92.

eat upon the mountains : i.e. the idolatries practised on the mountains. Compare Ezekiel 18:6,


Verse 10

discovered, &c. Ref to Pent, (Leviticus 18:7, Leviticus 18:8, Leviticus 18:9; Leviticus 20:11, Leviticus 20:17), App-92.

set apart, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:13). App-92.


Verse 11

committed abomination, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:20; Leviticus 18:20, Leviticus 18:10. Deuteronomy 22:22). App-92. Compare Ezekiel 18:11.

lewdly defiled, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:15; Leviticus 20:12).

humbled his sister. Ref, to Pentateuch (Leviticus 18:9; Leviticus 20:17).


Verse 12

taken gifts, &c. Ref to Pentateuch (Exodus 23:8. Deuteronomy 16:19; Deuteronomy 27:25).

taken usury, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:25. Lev 26. Deuteronomy 23:19). App-92. Compare Ezekiel 18:8.

hast forgotten Me. Reference to Pentateuch (Ezekiel 32:18),

saith the Lord GOD = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.


Verse 13

I have smitten Mine hand. See note on Ezekiel 21:17.


Verse 14

have spoken it. Compare Ezekiel 21:17; and Numbers 23:19.


Verse 15

I will scatter, &c. Reference to Pentateuch, (Deuteronomy 4:27; Deuteronomy 28:25, Deuteronomy 28:64). App-92. Compare Ezekiel 12:14, Ezekiel 12:15.


Verse 16

shalt take thine inheritance = shalt be profaned in thyself (or on thine own account).


Verse 18

brass = copper, or bronze,

furnace : or crucible.

dross. Lead put into the crucible with gold or silver causes the baser metals to retire, or form scoriae or dross at the sides of the crucible, leaving the pure gold or silver in the middle. But here the silver itself becomes the dross. Compare Ezekiel 22:12.


Verse 20

I will leave you there. The letter? (Pe-P) in ve hippihti, in being transferred from the ancient Hebrew into the modern square character, was probably mistaken for the? (Nun = N), being much alike. If so, "I will blow" became "I will leave"; and the words "you there" had to be necessarily supplied. By this change the correspondence of the two verses (20, 21) is restored: - Ezekiel 22:20. Gather . . . blow . . . melt: Ezekiel 22:21. Gather . ., blow . . . melt.


Verse 24

not cleansed = not to be rained upon.

nor rained upon = nor to receive fruitful showers.


Verse 25

prophets. Note the four classes here enumerated. See the Structure above; and verses: Ezekiel 22:26, Ezekiel 22:28, Ezekiel 22:28.

souls. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


Verse 26

put no difference, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 10:10; Leviticus 11:47; Leviticus 22:22). App-92.


Verse 29

have vexed . . . have oppressed, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:21; Exodus 23:9 . Leviticus 19:33, etc.) App-92.

poor. Heb: ani. See note on Proverbs 6:11.


Verse 30

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

I found none. Compare Ezekiel 13:5, and Jeremiah 5:1.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 22:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-22.html. 1909-1922.

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