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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ezekiel 27



Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Verse 2

son of man. See note on Ezekiel 2:1,

Tyrus. See note on Ezekiel 26:2.

Verse 3

the entry, &c. Denoting the insular Tyre.

people = peoples.

isles = coast, or maritime lands.

the Lord GOD. Hebrew. Adonai Jehovah. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.

Verse 4

builders = sons. Compare Iea. 62. c.

Verse 5

ship boards = planks.

fir = cypress.

Senir = Mount Hermon (Deuteronomy 3:9).

Verse 6

the company of the Ashurites, &c. = a daughter (or branch) of the Ashurites, &c. Ginsburg thinks this clause should read, "they have made thy benches with ivory [and] box = wood (or cypress)"; reading bith"ashshurim instead of bath-"aehshurim (= a daughter, or branch of the Ashurites), dividing and pointing the words differently. See note on Ezekiel 31:3; and compare Isaiah 41:19; Isaiah 60:13.

Chittim. Probably Cyprus.

Verse 7

Elishah. Probably the Greek AEolis: i.e. the coasts of Peloponnesus. Mentioned in Genesis 10:4 with Javan (Ionia).

Verse 8

Arvad. Now the island Er Ruad. Mentioned in 1 Macc .

mariners = rowers.

that were = they [were].

Verse 9

ancients = elders.

Gebal. Now Jebeil, on the coast between Beirut and Tripolis.

occupy = barter, or trade.

Verse 10

Lud . . . Phut. Compare Genesis 10:6, Genesis 10:13,

men. Hebrew, plural of "enosh. App-14.

Verse 11

men = sons. Gammadims: or, valiant men.

Verse 12

Tarshish. See note on 1 Kings 10:22.

fairs, Occurs only in this chapter, and here, seven times: verses: Ezekiel 27:12, Ezekiel 27:14, Ezekiel 27:16, Ezekiel 12:19, Ezekiel 12:22, Ezekiel 12:27, Ezekiel 12:33 ("wares ").

Verse 13

Javan = Ionia. Compare Genesis 10:4. These are named together in Genesis 10:2.

persons = souls. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13. Referring to the slave trade. See Revelation 18:13.

men = mankind. Hebrew "adam. App-14.

Verse 14

house: Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for descendants.

Togarmah (Genesis 10:3). Probably Armenia,

Verse 15

men = sons.

Verse 16

occupied = traded. Compare "occupy" in Luke 19:13.

Verse 17

the land of Israel. Hebrew "eretz Israel. One of three occurrences of this expression in this book with Hebrew "eretz (27, 17, Ezekiel 40:2, Ezekiel 47:18), instead of "admath, which occurs seventeen times. See note on Ezekiel 11:17.

Minnith. An Ammonite town not yet identified. Minyeh, south of Nebo, is suggested by Conder. Compare Judges 11:33.

Pannag. Some article of merchandise, or name of place, not now known.

Verse 18

wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27.

Helbon. Now Helbon, in the mountains, thirteen miles north of Damascus.

Verse 19

Dan. Hebrew Vedan, or Wedaungoing to and fro. Hebrew. Meuzzal. Margin Meuzzal = from Uzal. Compare Genesis 10:27.

Verse 21

occupied = were the merchants of thy hand. Compare Ezekiel 27:15.

Verse 23

Haran. Now Harran, between the Euphrates and the Khabour (Genesis 11:35).

Canneh. Probably now Calneh, a Babylonian city (Genesis 10:10).

Eden. In Mesopotamia (2 Kings 19:12. Isaiah 37:12. Amos 1:5). Mentioned in the Inscriptions. Some suggest Aden, in Arabia. Asshur = Assyria. Chiba = tad. Now Kalwddha, near Baghdad.

Verse 26

Thy rowers. Continuing the symbol of a ship, used of Tyre in this chapter.

wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 27

occupiers = barterers, or traders.

in. A special various reading called Sevir (App-34), with four early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, and Syriac, omit this word "in".

company = gathered host.

Verse 28

suburbs. The root garash = to drive out or about. When used of a city it = suburbs; but, when used of the sea, it = the driving and casting about of the waves. Compare Isaiah 37:20. It means here that the waves of the sea lash themselves at the wailing of the pilots.

Verse 31

heart = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 32

they. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "their sons". the destroyed: or, the silent one.

Verse 33

wares. See note on "fairs", Ezekiel 27:12.

Verse 34

In the time when thou shalt be broken: or, "Now thou art wrecked", with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate.

Verse 36

be = become.

any more = for ever. Compare Ezekiel 26:21.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 27:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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