corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ezekiel 34



Verse 1

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

Verse 2

Son of man. See note on Ezekiel 2:1.

shepherds = rulers.

the Lord GOD. Hebrew Adonai Jehovah. See note on Ezekiel 2:4.

Verse 3

kill = kill for sacrifice, and eating. Hebrew. zaback. App-48.

them that are fed = the fat ewe.

Verse 4

neither. Note the Figure of speech Paradiastole (App-6), emphasising the five counts.

oruelty = rigour. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 1:13, Exodus 1:14. Leviticus 25:46, Leviticus 25:53, its only other occurrences).

Verse 5

because there is no shepherd: or, without a shepherd.

Verse 8

As I live. Figure of speech Deisis. App-6.

saith the Lord God = [is] Adonai Jehovah"s oracle.

Verse 9

Therefore = Therefore [I repeat] O ye, &c.

Verse 10

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

Verse 11

I, even I. Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6), for emphasis.

Verse 12

In the day. See App-18.

Verse 13

people = nations.

land = soil.

rivers = ravines. Hebrew. aphikim. See note on "channels", 2 Samuel 22:16.

Verse 16

destroy: or, watch", reading (? = R) for (? = D)).

Verse 17

cattle and cattle: i.e. between the sheep and the goats: rams being the sheep, while the he-goats are set in contrast.

Verse 18

Seemeth it: or, supply "Is it".

you: i.e. ye goats. The verse goes on to describe the evil work of the goats in fouling the pastures of the sheep. There is a solemn application of this to the churches and congregations in the present day,

your: i.e. the goats.

Verse 22

save = bring saltation or deliverance to.

Verse 23

one shepherd = one ruler. Compare Isaiah 40:11. John 10:11.

My servant David. Occurs only here, Ezekiel 34:24; Ezekiel 37:24, 1 Kings 11:32, 1 Kings 11:34, and Ezekiel 14:8. Compare Jeremiah 30:9. Hosea 3:5. David. Either David the king, or Messiah, of Whom he was the type.

Verse 24

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Prince = a leader. Compare Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 9:7; Isaiah 55:4.

Verse 25

a covenant of peace. Compare Ezekiel 37:2,

wilderness = a place of pasture. Compare Psalms 65:12. Not a barren place or desert, unless so stated or implied.

Verse 27

they. shall know. See note en Ezekiel 6:10.

safe = confident.

in = on.

when I have broken: or, by My breaking.

those, &c.: i.e. the f:dse rulers.

Verse 28

heathen = nations.

beast. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "beasts".

land: or, earth.

Verse 29

plant. Referring to Messiah, as in verses: Ezekiel 34:23, Ezekiel 34:24. of renown: for fame.

consumed = pinched [with hunger].

Verse 30

shall they know. See note on Ezekiel 6:10. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "shall the nations know",

Verse 31

flock. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version omitted these two words "flock, the".

are = ye [are]

men. Hebrew "adam, App-14. I: i.e. human beings, not "sheep", as spoken of in this chapter.

your God. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "Jehovah your Elohim".


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 34:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology