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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hebrews 7

 

 

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Verse 1

Melchisedec. See Genesis 14:18-20.

Salem. Only here and Hebrews 7:2 in N.T.

Most High. See Acts 7:48.

God. App-98.

met. Greek. sunantao. See Acts 10:25.

slaughter = defeat, or smiting. Greek. kope. Only here. Used Genesis 4:17 (Septuagint)


Verse 2

also. Read after "part".

gave = apportioned.

tenth. Compare Genesis 28:20-2, and App-15.

interpretation. See John 1:38.

righteousness. Greek. dikaiosune App-191.

also King = King also


Verse 3

Without father, &c. Greek. apator, ametor, agenealogetos. Therefore without recorded pedigree. These three words found only here

neither, nor. Greek. mete.

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

made like. Greek. aphomoioo. Only here

unto = to

the Son of God. App-98.

abideth. See p. 1511.

continually. See App-151. Melchisedec is presented to us without reference to any human qualifications for office. His genealogy is not recorded, so essential in the case of Aaron"s sons (Nehemiah 7:64). Greek.inary priests began their service at thirty, and ended at fifty, years of age (Numbers 4:47). The high priest succeeded on the day of his predecessor"s decease. Melchisedec has no such dates recorded; he had neither beginning of days nor end of life. We only know that he lived, and thus he is a fitting type of One Who lives continually.


Verse 4

consider. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

man = one. I e priest (Hebrews 7:3).

spoils. Greek. akrothinion Only here.


Verse 5

verily they = they indeed

sons Greek. huios App-108.

office, &c Greek. hierateia. Only here and Luke 1:9.

take tithes of Greek. apodekatoo See Luke 11:42

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

out of. Greek. ek, as above


Verse 6

descent is . counted Greek. genealogeomai. Only here.

from = out of. Greek. ek, as above

received tithes Greek. dekatoo. Only here and Hebrews 7:9.


Verse 7

without. Greek. choris, apart from.

contradiction. See Hebrews 6:16 (strife).

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104. Both these adjectives, "the less" and "the better", are by Figure of speech Heterosis (of Gender, App-6.) in the neuter gender though referring to persons.


Verse 8

here. Add "indeed".

men. App-123.

tithes. Same as "tenth", Hebrews 7:2.

he. Read one. receiveth them. Omit.

witnessed. Greek. martureo. See p. 1511.

liveth i.e. as there is no mention of his death Melchisedec in the Scripture record is an illustration of perpetuity of life, a type of Him Who liveth for ever.


Verse 9

payed tithes. Greek. Pass, of dekatoo, as Hebrews 7:6.

in = through. Greek. dia. App-104. Hebrews 7:1.


Verse 10

father. i.e. ancestral father.


Verse 11

If. App-118.

perfection Greek. teleiosis. Only here and Luke 1:45 (performance). Compare App-125.

Levitical. Only here.

priesthood. Greek. hierosune. Only here and Hebrews 7:12, Hebrews 7:14, Hebrews 7:24.

under = upon (as a basis). Greek. epi App-104., but the texts read ix. 1.

received the law = were furnished with law. Greek. nomotheteo. Only here and Hebrews 8:6 (established)

another. Greek. heteros. App-124.

rise. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

after. Greek. kata. App-104.

order. See Hebrews 5:6.


Verse 12

changed. Greek. metatithemi. See Acts 7:16.

change. Greek. metathesis. Only here, Hebrews 11:5; Hebrews 12:27.

also, &c. = of the law also.


Verse 13

of = on. Greek. epi. App-104.

pertaineth. Greek. metecho. See Hebrews 2:14.

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.


Verse 14

evident. Greek. prodelos. See 1 Timothy 5:24.

Lord. App-98.

sprang = hath risen. Greek. anatello. Generally used of the sun rising.

of = with regard to. Greek. eis. App-104.

Moses. See Hebrews 3:2.

spake. Greek. laleo. App-121.

concerning. Greek. peri.

priesthood. The texts read "priests".


Verse 15

evident. Greek. katadelos. Only here. Compare Hebrews 7:14.

for = if. Greek. ei. App-118.

similitude. Greek. homoiotes. See Hebrews 4:15.

ariseth. Same as "rise", Hebrews 7:11.


Verse 16

is made = hath become.

carnal. Greek. sarkikos, but texts read sarkinos. See 2 Corinthians 3:3.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172.; Hebrews 176:1.

endless. App-151.


Verse 17

testifieth. Same as "witnessed", Hebrews 7:8.

for ever. See Hebrews 6:20. Quoted from Psalms 110:4.


Verse 18

verily = indeed.

disannulling. Greek. athetesis. Only here and Hebrews 9:26. Compare Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:15.

for = on account of. Greek. dia.

the weakness. See Romans 5:6.

unprofitableness. Greek. anopheles. Only here and Titus 3:9.

thereof. Omit.


Verse 19

made . . . perfect. Greek. teleioo. App-125.

bringing in = superinduction. Greek. epeisogoge. Only here.

a better hope. Note that there are also a better covenant (Hebrews 7:22); better promises (Hebrews 8:6); better sacrifices (Hebrews 9:23); a better substance (Hebrews 10:34); a better country (Hebrews 11:16); a better resurrection (Hebrews 11:35); a better thing (Hebrews 11:40). In chApp-1, Christ is shown to be better than angels; in 3, better than Moses; in 4, better than Joshua; in 7, better than Aaron; in 10, better than the Law.


Verse 20

inasmuch as. Greek. kath" (App-104.) hoson.

oath. Greek. horkomosia. Only here and verses: Hebrews 7:21, Hebrews 7:28. Compare Hebrews 6:16, Hebrews 6:17.


Verse 21

LORD. App-98.

repent. Greek. metamelomai. App-111.


Verse 22

By. Greek. kata, as in Hebrews 7:20.

was . . . made = hath become.

Jesus. App-98.

surety. Greek. enguos. Only here.

testaments = covenant. Greek. diatheke . See Matthew 26:28. First of seventeen occs. in Hebrew (App-10).


Verse 23

because. Greek. dia. App-104. Hebrews 7:2.

they were not, &c. = of their being hindered from continuing.

continue. Greek. parameno. See 1 Corinthians 16:6.

by reason of = by. App-104. Hebrews 7:2.


Verse 24

this. Supply "Priest", in place of "Man".

continueth. Same as "abideth", Hebrews 7:3.

ever. See verses: Hebrews 7:17, Hebrews 7:21.

unchangeable. Greek. aparabatos. Literally not passing over to another. Only here.


Verse 25

also to save = to save also.

to the uttermost. Greek. eis to panteles. See Luke 13:11.

seeing He ever liveth = ever living, as He is.

ever. App-151.

make intercession. Greek. entunchano. See Acts 25:24.


Verse 26

holy. Greek. hosios. See Acts 2:27.

harmless. Greek. akakos. See Romans 16:18.

undefiled. Greek. amiantos. Here, Hebrews 13:4. James 1:27. 1 Peter 1:4.

separate. Greek. chorizo. See Acts 1:4. Compare Genesis 49:26. Deuteronomy 33:16.

made, &c. Compare Hebrews 4:14.

the heavens. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10. i.e. than those who dwell in them, by Figure of speech Metonymy (Adjunct). App-6(4).


Verse 27

daily. Greek. kath" (App-104.) hemeran.

those = the.

offer up. Greek. anaphero. Here, Hebrews 9:28; Hebrews 13:15. Matthew 17:1. Mark 9:2. Luke 24:51. James 2:21. 1 Peter 2:5, 1 Peter 2:24.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.

once = once for all. Greek. ephapax. See Romans 6:10.


Verse 28

maketh = appointed.

word. Greek. logos. App-121.

since = after. Greek. meta. App-104. Compare Psalms 110:4.

Son. Compare Hebrews 7:3.

consecrated = perfected, as Hebrews 7:19.

for evermore. App-151. d.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 7:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-7.html. 1909-1922.

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