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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hosea 11



Verse 1

I loved him. Compare Jeremiah 2:2. Malachi 1:2.

called My son, &c. = called to My son. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 4:22, Exodus 4:23). App-92. Quoted in Matthew 2:15.

Verse 2

they. The callers: i.e. the prophets, &c. who called to them.

them. The Septuagint and Syriac read "Me".

they. Israel.

sacrificed = kept sacrificing. Compare Hosea 2:13; Hosea 13:2. 2 Kings 17:16.

Verse 3

I taught, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 1:31; Deuteronomy 32:10, Deuteronomy 32:11, Deuteronomy 32:12). Compare Isaiah 46:3.

go = walk. See Acts 13:18 margin

taking = I used to take.

I healed them. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 15:26).

Verse 4

I drew = I would draw.

man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

take off = lift up, or loosen: viz. the straps which hind the yoke to the neck.

I laid meat = holding out [food] to him I let him eat.

Verse 5

not. Connect this with Hosea 11:4, for he is to return to Assyria (Hosea 8:13; Hosea 9:3).

shall be = he [became].

Verse 6

branches. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for "sons", as being the progeny and defenders.

Verse 7

bent to backsliding. Compare Hosea 4:16.

though they called them, &c. = though they call upon the Most High.

Most High. Hebrew. "al.

none at all would exalt Him = He shall not altogether lift them up.

Verse 8

How . . . ? Figures of speech Erotesis and Pathopoeia. App-6.

Admah . . . Zeboim. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 10:19; Genesis 14:2, Genesis 14:8. Deuteronomy 29:23). App-92. These places are not mentioned elsewhere.

repentings = compassions.

Verse 9

I am GOD, and not man. Figure of speech Pleonasm (App-6): put both ways for emphasis. Reference to Pentateuch (Numbers 23:19). Compare Isaiah 55:8, Isaiah 55:9. Malachi 3:6.

GOD. Hebrew. "El. App-4.

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.

in the midst = [will not come] into the midst. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 33:5). App-92.

enter into = come against: i.e. as an enemy. The verse is not "nonsense", as alleged. The reference is to Hosea 11:8.

the city: i.e. as I came against Sodom and Gomorrah.

Verse 10

walk after = return to. The Structure (p. 1215) shows that verses: Hosea 11:10, Hosea 11:11 are not an "exilic insertion".

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

He shall roar = [when] He shall summon them with a lion"s roar.

children = sons [of Israel].

tremble = come, or hasten, trembling.

from the west. Compare Zechariah 8:7.

Verse 11

in their houses. Compare Ezekiel 28:25, Ezekiel 28:26; Ezekiel 37:21, Ezekiel 37:25.

Verse 12

Ephraim compasseth Me, &c. The Structure (p. 1221) shows the change of subject in Hosea 11:12, Hosea 12:8, which is "incorrigibility". The chapters are badly divided here.

with deceit. See Isaiah 29:13. Ezekiel 33:31. Matthew 15:8, Matthew 15:9. Mark 7:6, Mark 7:7.

Judah yet ruleth, &c. Compare 2 Chronicles 13:10-12.

with the saints = with the Holy One. Hebrew, plural; so used elsewhere. Compare Joshua 24:19. Proverbs 30:3.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hosea 11:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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