corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Hosea 2



Verse 1

Ammi = My People.

Ruhamah = Pitied One.

Verse 2

your mother. Gomer (Hosea 1:3). The ten tribes personified by their royal capital.

her husband. Compare Jeremiah 31:32.

whoredoms . . . adulteries = idolatries. See note on Hosea 1:2.

between her breasts = her embraces.

Verse 3

Lest, &c., Hosea 2:3 refers to Israel"s earliest history.

her: i.e. her land, as shown by the words following. Compare Ezekiel 16:23-43.

in the day. See App-18.

Verse 4

children = sons: i.e. the individual members of the nation collectively.

Verse 5

played the harlot: i.e. practiced idolatries. The silence as to details here is eloquent.

my lovers = my Baals, or lords. Compare Jeremiah 44:17, Jeremiah 44:18.

my, &c. Note the three pairs, including food, clothing, and luxuries. All are claimed as hers.

Verse 6

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6) for emphasis.

hedge up, &c. Compare Job 8:23; Job 19:8. Lamentations 3:7, Lamentations 3:9.

thy way. Jehovah had spoken of Israel. Now He speaks to her.

make a wall = Hebrew wall a (stone) wall. Figure of speech Polyptoton (App-6) for emphasis = rear a stone wall.

Verse 7

follow after = eagerly follow after.

I will go, &c. Compare Hosea 6:15. Luke 15:18.

first husband. Compare Ezekiel 16:8.

than. Supply the Ellipsis: "than [it is] now".

Verse 8

did not know. Compare Isaiah 1:3.

that I = that [it was] I Who. Compare Ezekiel 16:17-19.

wine = new wine. Hebrew. tirosh. App-27.

which they, &c. = they made offerings to Baal. Compare Hosea 8:4.

Verse 9

will I return. In judgment.

take away = take back. Compare Hosea 2:3.

My wine, &c. They were all His, and from Him.

recover = rescue (Genesis 31:16).

Verse 10

will I discover. Compare Ezekiel 16:37; Ezekiel 23:29.

Verse 11

her feast days. All these are in the sing, here = her feast, her new moon, her sabbath, her every appointed season.

Verse 12

destroy = lay waste. Compare Psalms 105:33.

whereof. In Hosea 2:5.

rewards = my hire, or fee. A technical term. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 23:18). App-92.

Verse 13

I will visit, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:34). App-92.

the days: i.e. the feast days.

Baalim. (Plural) including Baal-gad, Baal-Hermon, Baal-zephon, Baalberith, &c.

decked herself. Compare Ezekiel 23:40, Ezekiel 23:42.

saith the LORD = [is] Jehovah"s oracle.

Verse 14

Therefore = Nevertheless. Note that the whole of this present dispensation comes between Hosea 2:13 and Hosea 2:14. See App-72.

I = I myself (emphatic).

bring her, &c. Compare Ezekiel 20:35.

comfortably = to the heart. Compare Isaiah 40:2.

Verse 15

from thence: i.e. [when she cometh] from thence. Reference to Pentateuch (Numbers 16:13, Numbers 16:14). App-92.

the valley of Achor. Ref to Joshua 7:26. App-92. The events must have been written down at the time and preserved. See App-47.

Achor = trouble. Compare Joshua 7:24-26.

door = entrance.

hope = expectation; no longer of trouble.

shall sing there. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 15:1). App-92.

there. Where Jehovah allureth, and bringeth, and speaketh.

as in the days, &c. Compare Jeremiah 2:2. Ezekiel 16:8, Ezekiel 16:22, Ezekiel 16:60.

when she came up. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 1:10; Exodus 12:38; Exodus 13:18, &c); and when Jehovah said "My son" (Exodus 4:22). App-92.

Verse 16

Ishi = My husband.

Baali = My lord.

Verse 17

I will take away, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 23:13). Compare Joshua 23:7. Psalms 16:4. Isaiah 2:18. Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 36:25, Ezekiel 36:26; Ezekiel 37:23. Zechariah 13:2.

Verse 18

in that day. That yet future day of Israel"s restoration.

make a covenant, &c. Compare Job 5:23. Isaiah 11:6-9. Ezekiel 34:25.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) to emphasize each item.

and I will break. Compare Psalms 46:9. Isaiah 2:4. Zechariah 9:10.

make them to lie down safely. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 25:18, Leviticus 25:19; Leviticus 26:5, Leviticus 26:6. Deuteronomy 12:10; Deuteronomy 33:12, Deuteronomy 33:28). App-92.

Verse 19

I will betroth, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 22:16. Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 22:23, Deuteronomy 22:25, Deuteronomy 22:27, Deuteronomy 22:28; Deuteronomy 28:30). App-92. Elsewhere only in 2 Samuel 3:14 ("espouse"). Notice the thrice-repeated word here, and in verses: Hosea 2:19, Hosea 2:20.

Verse 20

thou shalt know, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 6:7, &c). This is the sign of Israel"s blessing (Isaiah 11:9; Isaiah 54:13. Jeremiah 31:33, Jeremiah 31:34. John 6:45). Their evils came from not knowing (Isaiah 1:3. Luke 19:42, Luke 19:44).

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah.(with "eth) = Jehovah Himself. App-4.

Verse 21

I will hear. The restoration comes from, and begins with, Jehovah.

hear = answer, or respond to (Zechariah 8:12).

Verse 22

the earth. Note the Figure of speech Anadiplosis (App-6), by which the word at the end of Hosea 2:21 is repeated at the beginning of Hosea 2:22.

Jezreel = the seed of GOD [which He will sow], as stated in Hosea 2:23.

Verse 23

I will sow her: i. e. the new Israel.

will have mercy, &c. = have pity; i. e. will [call her] Ruhamah.

her that had not obtained mercy = Lo-Ruhamah (Not pitied).

not My People = Lo-ammi.

Thou art My People = Ammi [art] thou.

they shall say = and he, he shall say, &c: i. e. the whole nation as one man. Compare Hosea 1:11. Zechariah 13:9. Romans 9:26. 1 Peter 2:10.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hosea 2:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology