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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 29



Verse 1

Woe. The second of the six woes.

Ariel = either a lion of GOD (El, App-4. IV) (2 Samuel 23:20); or the altar-hearth of GOD (Ezekiel 43:15, Ezekiel 43:16; and the Moabite Stone, line 12, App-54). Jerusalem is called Har-el on old Egyptian monuments.

the city. Put by Figure of speech Polyonymia for Jerusalem. "City" is in the construct state: = city of [the spot] where David camped.

dwelt = encamped.

year. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for festival.

let them kill, &c.: or, let the feasts go round. Figure of speech Eironeia. App-6.

Verse 2

as Ariel = as a veritable hearth of GOD.

Verse 4

ground =. earth. a familiar spirit = an Ob. See note on Leviticus 19:31.

whisper = peep, chirp, or mutter.

Verse 5

strangers: i.e. adversaries.

like, &c. . . . as, &c. Figure of speech Hyperbole.

terrible ones = tyrants.

Verse 6

visited. These judgments (in Isaiah 29:6) refer to the deliverance from Jerusalem"s enemies.

the LORD of hosts. See note on 1 Samuel 1:3.

Verse 7

Ariel. Here it is plainly Jerusalem.

Verse 8

as = according as.

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 9

wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27.

strong drink. Hebrew. shekar. App-27.

Verse 10

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

hath poured, &c. Quoted in Romans 11:8.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

Verse 11

of all = of the whole, or altogether.

book = scroll, or document, in writing.

Verse 13

the LORD*. One of the 134 places where the Sopherim say they changed Jehovah of the primitive text to Adonai. See App-32.

said. Quoted in Matthew 15:7-9. Mark 7:6.

but = though.

taught by the precept of men = a commandment of men in which they have been schooled: i.e. taught by rote.

men = mortals. Hebrew, plural of enosh. App-14.

Verse 14

for. Quoted in 1 Corinthians 1:19.

wisdom. Hebrew. chakam. See notes on

understanding. Hebrew. binah. Proverbs 1:2.

Verse 16

say. Compare Isaiah 45:9.

Verse 18

book = scroll.

Verse 19

meek = oppressed.

poor = oppressed. Hebrew. "ebyon. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

the Holy One of Israel. See note on Isaiah 1:4.

Verse 20

the terrible one = the tyrant.

Verse 21

make a man an offender for a word = who bring a man into condemnation by a word (i.e. by false witness).

reproveth = decideth: i.e. in judgment.

just = righteous.

a thing of nought. See note on "confusion", Isaiah 24:10.

Verse 22

Abraham. Reference to Pentateuch, as well known. App-92.

the house of Jacob. See note on Isaiah 2:5.

his face . . . wax pale. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), for fear.

Verse 23

children = young children.

the God of Israel. This expression occurs seven times in Isaiah (here; Isaiah 41:17; Isaiah 45:3, Isaiah 45:15; Isaiah 48:1, Isaiah 48:2; Isaiah 52:12). Elsewhere twenty-nine times, without Jehovah preceding (Genesis 33:20. Exodus 24:10. Numbers 16:9. Joshua 22:16. 1 Samuel 1:17; 1 Samuel 5:7, 1 Samuel 5:8, 1 Samuel 5:8, 1 Samuel 5:8, 1 Samuel 5:10, 1 Samuel 5:11; 1 Samuel 6:3, 1 Samuel 6:5; 1 Samuel 25:32. 2 Samuel 23:3. Ezra 3:2, &c.

Verse 24

shall come, &c. = shall know discernment.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 29:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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