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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 33

 

 

Verse 1

Woe. The fifth of the six Woes. The Structure, above, will make this section quite clear, and show that the verses are not "out of place", or "disarranged".

that spoilest = thou plunderer.

dealest treacherously = thou traitor.


Verse 2

arm. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for the strength and defense put forth by it.

every morning: i.e. continually.


Verse 3

the people = peoples.

the nations = nations.


Verse 4

caterpiller = locusts.


Verse 6

is = that [is].


Verse 7

Behold. Figure of speech. Asterismos. App-6.

the ambassadors. Note the Figure of speech. Asyndeton (App-6), inIsa .


Verse 8

highways. See note on Isaiah 7:3.

lie waste = are desolate. See note on Isaiah 1:7.

wayfaring man = he that walketh along the path. See note on "path", Isaiah 2:3.

man = mortal. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14


Verse 9

hewn down = withered.

shake off. Hebrew. na"ar. A rare word. Occurs twice in the "former" portion (here, and Isaiah 33:15), and once in the "latter" portion (Isaiah 52:2). App-79.


Verse 10

saith the LORD = may Jehovah say. See note on Isaiah 1:11.


Verse 11

breath, as fire = breath as a fire. Hebrew. ruach.


Verse 12

the people = peoples.

burnings of lime: i.e. fuel for limekilns.

thorns cut up. These are the common fuel used in limekilns in Palestine.


Verse 13

ye: i.e. the heathen.

what I have done: i.e. in the destruction of Sennacherib"s army.


Verse 14

fearfulness = trembling. Hebrew. re"adah. Only here in Isaiah; and elsewhere, only in Job 4:14. Psalms 2:11; Psalms 48:6.

surprised = seized.

Who . . . ? who . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. The answer implied being the negative.

among = for.


Verse 15

He, &c. This is not the answer to Isaiah 33:14, but the subject of the Promise in Isaiah 33:16, "He. shall dwell on high". Hence it is emphatic. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 10:17; Deuteronomy 16:19; Deuteronomy 27:25).

hearing of = listening to.

blood = murderers. Figure of speech Metalepsis (of Subject), by which "blood" is first put for bloodshedding, and, secondly, bloodshedding put for those who shed it.


Verse 17

the king. See Isaiah 33:22.

far off = far stretching.


Verse 18

scribe. = the counter.

receiver = the weigher.

he that counted, &c. Referring to Sennacherib"s besieging army.


Verse 19

fierce, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:49, Deuteronomy 28:50).

stammering = jabbering.

tongue. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for the language spoken by it.


Verse 20

Look = Gaze.

the city. Figure of speech Polyonymia.

solemnities = festal-days. Reference to Pentateuch, where the word frequently occurs (compare Lev 23. Num 15, &c).

tabernacle = tent. Hebrew. "ohel. App-40.


Verse 21

gallant = mighty, or noble.


Verse 23

the lame take the prey. Referring to the spoil taken from the dead of the Assyrian host. See 2 Kings 19:35.


Verse 24

forgiven their iniquity. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 23:21; Exodus 32:32. Numbers 14:19).

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/isaiah-33.html. 1909-1922.

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