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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 36

 

 

Verse 1

it came to pass. Note the insertion of these historical events in the midst of prophecy, corresponding with those concerning the reign of Ahaz. Compare 2 Kings 18:13, 2 Kings 20:19, on which Isaiah is not dependent, and 2 Chronicles 32:1-33, which is not dependent on either (see App-56). This history is a proof of Isaiah"s prophetic mission and gifts. History and prophecy are thus combined: for the latter is history foretold, and the former is (in this and many cases) prophecy fulfilled: the two accounts being perfectly independent.

in the fourteenth year: i.e. 628 B.C. See App-50. pp Isaiah 59:60. After Hezekiah"s reformation (2 Chronicles 29:1 -- Isaiah 32:1). Samaria had been taken by Shalmaneser in Hezekiah"s sixth year (2 Kings 18:10). The date (fourteenth year) no "error".

defenced cities = fortified cities.

and took them. See the list and number of them (forty-six) on Sennacherib"s hexagonal cylinder in the British Museum. See App-67.


Verse 2

Rabshakeh: or, "political officer". Probably a renegade Jew.

Lachish. Now Tell el Hesy, or Umm Lakis. See the work on the excavations there, published by the "Palestine Exploration Fund". Compare note on 2 Kings 18:17, and 2 Kings 19:8.

with a great army. Foretold in Isaiah 29:1-6, as foretold in Isaiah 22:15-26.

he stood. In the same spot where Isaiah stood with Ahaz twenty-eight years before. See Isaiah 7:3.

highway. See note on Isaiah 7:3.


Verse 3

Eliakim. See and Compare Isaiah 22:20-25. The promise of Isaiah 22:20, Isaiah 22:21 was already fulfilled.

house. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), for household. Eliakim fulfils Shebna"s office, as foretold in Isaiah 22:15-26.

Shebna. See Isaiah 22:15.

scribe: or, secretary. Title used of a state officer, first in 2 Samuel 8:17. Connected with finance (2 Kings 22:3). Jeremiah 52:25.


Verse 4

the great king. Contrast Psalms 47:2.

trustest = hast confided. Hebrew. batah. App-69. See Hezekiah"s "Songs of the Degrees" (Psalms 121:3; Psalms 125:1, Psalms 125:2; Psalms 127:1; Psalms 130:5-8; and App-67).


Verse 5

I say, sayest thou. Some codices read "Thou sayest", as in 2 Kings 18:20.

vain words = lip-talk. Hebrew word of lips.


Verse 6

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14.


Verse 7

thou. Some codices read "ye", as in 2 Kings 18:22.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

is it not He . . . ? Manifesting Rabshakeh"s ignorance.


Verse 8

master. Hebrew. Adonai. App-4.


Verse 9

Egypt. Hezekiah at first looked for help there (See Isaiah 20:3-6; Isaiah 30:2-5; 2 Kings 18:21).


Verse 10

am I come up. As foretold twenty-eight years before (Isaiah 10:6-8).

If Rabshakeh knew of this, it shows the falsehood of "half the truth".


Verse 11

Then said, &c. This led only to grosser insults.

Jews. The name by which the People were known of old, to foreigners. See note on Isaiah 36:2. No proof of a later authorship. "Hebrew" is the later word for the language (Compare Isaiah 19:18).


Verse 12

speak these words. See App-67.

sit upon the wall = maintain their posts: i.e. till reduced to these extremities.


Verse 15

this city. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "and this city": i.e. "this city".


Verse 16

every one = man, as in Isaiah 36:6.


Verse 17

take you away. As he did Israel (2 Kings 18:11).

wine = new wine. Hebrew. tirosh. App-27.

bread. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), for all kinds of food.

Hath, &c. ? = [Reflect]: Hath, &c?


Verse 19

Where: or, Why, where. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "Where then".

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 36:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/isaiah-36.html. 1909-1922.

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