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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 4



Verse 1

And. The Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) links this verse on to the preceding chapter.

in that day. Not emphatic, or at the beginning of the verse.

the Branch: i.e. Messiah. So the Chaldee paraphrase has it. Hebrew. zemach. Not the same word as in Isaiah 11:1. See the Structure of "the Four Gospels" preceding the Structure of MATTHEW and note the application of this expression to the Gospel of JOHN and the notes there. Used there to connect the four Titles of Messiah: MATTHEW: the King (Zechariah 9:9 with Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 23:6). MARK: the Servant (Isaiah 42:1 with Zechariah 3:8). LUKE: the MAN (Zechariah 6:12). JOHN: JEHOVAH (Isaiah 40:9, Isaiah 40:10, with Isaiah 4:2).

of the LORD = Jehovah"s Branch: i.e. Messiah. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

be = become. beautiful and glorious = for honour and for glory.

the earth = the land.

escaped of Israel: i.e. those who will have escaped destruction in the great tribulation. These could not be the "Church", for they are of "Israel"; and the blessings are the temporal blessings promised in Isaiah 30:23, &c. Ezekiel 34:29. Joel 2:23-25. Amos 9:11-15, &c.

Verse 3

holy. See note on Exodus 3:5.

among the living = written down or destined for life. Compare Psalms 69:28; Psalms 87:5, Psalms 87:6. Malachi 3:16.

the lord* = Jehovah.

purged = cast out. Hebrew duah. Compare Isaiah 1:16.

blood. Put by Figure of speech, Metonymy (of Effect), for blood-guiltiness.

spirit = blast, as in Isaiah 11:4. Compare 2 Thessalonians 2:8. Hebrew. ruach.

Verse 5

every dwelling place of mount Zion. Not merely over the Tabernacle as in the old Dispensation.

assemblies = convocation. Hebrew. mikra. Reference to Pentateuch. See note on Isaiah 1:13.

upon = over.

a defence = a canopy. Hebrew. chuppah, the marriage canopy. Not translated "defence" elsewhere. Occurs only here, Psalms 19:5, and Joel 2:16. Compare Isaiah 62:4.

Verse 6

tabernacle = pavilion.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 4:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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