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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 51



Verse 1

Hearken. Note the call to hear. See Structure, above.

are = were.

hole of the pit = the hollow of the quarry.

Verse 2

Look = Look well: as in Isaiah 51:1. Figure of speech Hermeneia, by which Isaiah 51:2 interprets Isaiah 51:1.

Abraham . . . Sarah. Reference to Pentateuch (Gen 12, &c.; Genesis 24:36).

alone. Compare Ezekiel 33:24. Malachi 2:15.

Verse 3

waste places. Compare Isaiah 40:1; Isaiah 49:13.

like Eden. Reference to Pentateuch, (Gen 2 and Gen 3). App-92. Elsewhere, only here; Joel 2:3; and six times in Ezekiel.

like the garden of the LORD. This is a quotation from Genesis 13:10. App-92.

melody = music or Psalmody.

Verse 4

law: i.e. the law of Moses, which was Jehovah"s revealed instruction. Compare Ma Isaiah 1:4, Isaiah 1:4,

make . . . to rest = establish.

the people = peoples.

Verse 5

isles = maritime countries. See note on Isaiah 11:11.

wait. Compare Isaiah 42:4; Isaiah 60:9.

trust = hope. Hebrew. yahal. App-69. Not the same word as in Isaiah 50:10.

Verse 6

shall = will have.

in like manner = so. There is no ancient authority for "as a gnat", as some render it.

Verse 7

know = take note of.

men = mortal men.

Verse 9

Awake. Same word as in Isaiah 52:1. Not the same as in Isaiah 51:17. Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis (for emphasis).

arm. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

Bahab = Egypt. Compare Psalms 87:4; Psalms 89:10.

dragon = crocodile.

Verse 10

dried the sea. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 14:29). ransomed = redeemed (by price, or blood). Hebrew. ga"al. Compare Exodus 6:6.

Verse 11

redeemed = redeemed (by power). Hebrew. padah. See note on Exodus 13:13.

come with singing. Compare Isaiah 35:10.

mourning = sighing. See notes on Isaiah 21:2.

Verse 12

man. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.

Verse 13

stretched forth the heavens. Reference to Pentateuch (Gen 1 and Gen 2).

as if he were. A special reading called Sevir (App-34), with some codices, two early printed editions, and Syriac, read "who was": referring doubtless to the Antichrist"s effort in "the great tribulation".

Verse 15

divided the sea. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 14:21).

The LORD of hosts. See note on 1 Samuel 1:3.

Verse 16

put My words in thy mouth. See note on Isaiah 50:4 ("that I should know"). Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 18:18). App-92.

that: i.e. in order that.

Verse 17

Awake = Rouse thee. Not the same form as in Isaiah 51:9 with Isaiah 52:1.

Verse 20

Thy sons have fainted. Note the Alternation in this verse. Thus: "fainted at the head", &c, and "they lie as a wild bull", &c.

Verse 21

wine. Hebrew. yayin. App-27.

Verse 22

thy LORD the LORD = thy Adonim Jehovah. See App-4.

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos.

no more drink it again. All this refers therefore to the final restoration of Israel.

Verse 23

thy soul = thee. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 51:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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