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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

James 5



Verse 1

Go to. See James 4:13.

howl. Greek. ololuzo. Only here. An onomatopoeic word.

miseries. Greek. talaiporia. See Romans 3:16. Compare James 4:9.

shall come = are coming.

Verse 2

riches = wealth. The Greek word ploutos conveys the idea of abundance. Compare Luke 12:19.

corrupted. Greek. sepo. Only here.

are = have become.

motheaten. Greek. setobrotos. Only here.

Verse 3

cankered = rusted. Greek. katioo. Only here.

rust. Greek. ios. See James 3:8.

a = for (App-104.) a.

have, &c. = treasured up. See Romans 2:5. 1 Corinthians 16:2.

last days. See 2 Timothy 3:1.

Verse 4

Behold. App-133.

hire = pay. Greek. misthos, Genitive translation "reward".

have. Omit.

reaped down. Greek. amao. Only here in N.T. occurs five times in Septuagint. Compare Micah 6:15.

of = on the part of.

arising from. App-104.

kept back by fraud. Greek. apostereo. See 1 Corinthians 6:7.

cries. Greek. boe. Only here.

reaped. Greek. therizo. Of frequently occurs in NT.

LORD of Sabaoth. This O.T. expression (= LORD of hosts) is used only here by a N.T. writer. In Romans 9:29 it is quoted from Isaiah.

LORD. App-98.

Verse 5

have. Omit.

lived in pleasure. Greek. truphao. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:13 (riot).

earth. App-129.

been wanton. See 1 Timothy 5:6.

slaughter. See Acts 8:32. Compare Isaiah 30:25; Isaiah 34:6. Jeremiah 12:3.

Verse 6

just. App-191. Compare Matthew 12:7; Matthew 27:19. Acts 3:14.

not. App-105. This is the Figure of speech Asyndeton. App-6. The two ands should be omitted.

Verse 7

unto, until Same Greek. word, heos.

coming. Greek. parousia. First occurance: Matthew 24:3.

hath long patience = being patient.

early. Greek. proimos. Only here.

latter. Greek. opsimos. Only here. Compare Joel 2:23.

Verse 8

stablish. See Romans 1:11.

draweth nigh = hath drawn near. See Matthew 3:2.

Verse 9

Grudge = Groan, or Murmur. See Hebrews 13:17.

one against another = against (App-104.) one another.

lest = in order that (Greek. hina) not (Greek. me).

condemned. The texts read "judged". App-122.

before. App-104.

Verse 10

the prophets. i.e. the O.T. prophets. App-189.

have spoken = spoke. App-121.

for = as.

example. See John 13:15.

suffering affliction. Greek. kakopatheia. Only here. Compare James 5:13.

patience. As in Hebrews 6:12.

Verse 11

count . . . happy. Greek. makarizo. Only here and Luke 1:48 (call blessed).

have. Omit.

patience. As in Titus 2:2.

seen = saw. App-133.

end. Compare Job 42:6.

very pitiful. Gr polusplanchnos. Only here.

of tender mercy. Greek. oiktirmon.

Verse 12

above = before. App-104.

neither. Greek. mete.

heaven = the heaven. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

any. App-123.

other. App-124.

nay. App-105.

into. The texts read "under". App-104.

condemnation. App-177.

Verse 13

afflicted. Greek. kakopatheo. See 2 Timothy 2:3 and Compare James 5:10, above.

pray. App-134.

merry. See Acts 27:22.

sing psalms. Greek. psallo. See Romans 15:9.

Verse 14

elders. App-189.

church. App-186. Here the church must mean the assembly which worshipped in the synagogue of James 2:2.

over. App-104.

anointing = having anointed. Greek. aleipho. Occurs here and eight times in the Gospels. Compare Mark 6:13.

Verse 15

prayer. App-134.

faith. App-150.

sick. Greek. kamno. See Hebrews 12:3. Not the same word as James 5:14.

raise . . . up. App-178.

and if. Greek. kan (kai, with App-118. b).

sins. App-128.

Verse 16

faults. App-128. but the texts read "sins", as above.

pray. App-134.

for. App-104.

healed. Greek. iaomai. See Luke 6:17. This makes it clear that the circumstances in view are those of 1 Corinthians 11:30. The offenders were those who had wronged their brethren, or had shown an unbrotherly spirit, and so had brought chastisement upon themselves.

effectual fervent = inwrought, or energized. Greek. energeo.

prayer. App-134.

righteous = just, James 5:6. App-191. Read, "a prayer of a just man inwrought"; i.e. by the Spirit.

availeth much. Literally is strong (Greek. ischuo. Compare App-172.) for much.

Verse 17

man. App-123.

subject, &c. = of like feelings. Greek. homoiopathes. Only here and Acts 14:15.

earnestly = with prayer. App-134. This is a Hebraism. Figure of speech Polyptoton. App-6.

rain. App-136.

by the space of. Omit.

Verse 18

brought forth. Greek. blastano. See Hebrews 9:4. Compare 1 Kings 17:1; 1 Kings 18:1, 1 Kings 18:41-45. Elijah"s praying for drought is first revealed in this passage.

Verse 19

if. App-118.

of = among. App-104.

from. App-104.

one = any one, as James 5:12.

Verse 20

know. App-132.

the = a.

from. Greek. ek App-104.

soul. App-110.

hide = cover. Compare 1 Peter 4:8. This refers to Proverbs 10:12.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on James 5:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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