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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Job 18

 

 

Verse 1

answered. See note on Job 4:1. Bildad. See note on Job 2:11.


Verse 2

How long . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6. an end: or, a perversion.


Verse 3

Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

vile: or, stupid.

your sight. Septuagint and Syriac read "thine eyes".


Verse 4

himself = his soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

shall. ? Figure of speech Erotesis.


Verse 5

light. The reference is to the universal practice of burning a light during the night.

wicked = lawless. Hebrew. rasha. App-44.


Verse 6

dark. Hebrew. hashak: see note on Job 3:6; showing that the man is dead, and not alive to keep the light burning.

tabernacle = tent.

candle = lamp.

with him = over him: see note on "dark", above.


Verse 7

steps of his strength = his firm step. Genitive of character. App-17.


Verse 8

walketh = walketh habitually.


Verse 9

the gin = a gin. Authorized Version, 1611, reads "grin" = a snare. Same meaning, but now obsolete.

the = a

robber = noose.


Verse 10

laid = hidden.


Verse 11

drive him to his feet = follow at his feet. Compare 1 Samuel 25:42.


Verse 12

strength, &c. i.e. shall be weakened by hunger. Same word as Job 18:7, not same as Job 18:13.


Verse 13

strength = parts or members of his body.

skin. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), App-6, for the whole body. Compare Exodus 22:26.

firstborn of death: i.e. the chief, or worst, or cruellest death. Figure of speech Euphemismos. App-6.


Verse 14

king of terrors. Euphemy, for death.


Verse 15

It: i.e. every one of the terrors.

none of his = not, indeed, his own.


Verse 19

nephew = grandson (Judges 12:14).


Verse 20

day. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the thing done in the day: i.e. his fall.


Verse 21

wicked. Hebrew. "aval. App-44. Occurs elsewhere only in Job 27:7; Job 29:17; Job 31:3, and Zephaniah 3:5.

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 18:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-18.html. 1909-1922.

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