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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Job 31



Verse 1

I. Note the "I" of self-justification; and see note on Job 29:2.

why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

Verse 2

THE ALMIGHTY. Hebrew Shaddai. App-4.

Verse 3

Is not . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

Verse 4

Doth not He . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

Verse 11

crime. Hebrew zimmah. App-44.

iniquity. Hebrew. "avah.

iniquity to be punished by the judges = a judicial iniquity; or, an iniquity in the eye of the law.

Verse 16

poor. Hebrew. dal = impoverished or reduced in means. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

Verse 19

poor = helpless. Hebrew. "ebyon. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

Verse 20

loins have not blessed. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia, App-6:. the loins so covered.

Verse 21

help. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for those who would he on his side.

Verse 22

the bone. Authorized Version margin, "the chanel bone". Obsolete Eng. for channel = what is channelled or scooped out: i.e. the socket.

Verse 23

highness = majesty.

endure = escape.

Verse 26

the sun = the light.

Verse 27

my mouth hath kissed my hand: i.e. the outward sign of homage [to, or in worship, of the sun].

Verse 29

found. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6.

Verse 30

his. A special various reading called Sevir (App-34) reads "their".

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 31

men. Heb methim. App-14.

tabernacle = tent.

Verse 33

transgressions. Hebrew. pasha". App-44. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, and Vulgate, read "transgression" (singular)

as Adam. Compare Genesis 3:10.

Verse 35

Oh! Figure of speech Ecphonesis. App-6.

adversary = man (Hebrew "ish. App-14.) of my quarrel.

Verse 38

land cry . . . complain. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6.

Verse 39

have caused, &c. = made the souls of the owners groan.

life = soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 40

Let thistles grow. This is not an imprecation, but an argument in favor of his integrity: i.e. Had he been as his friends alleged, would he not have had bad instead of bountiful harvests? See translation below.

ended: so far as his friends were concerned. He had words for God (ch. Job 42:1-6).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 31:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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