corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

John 14



Other Authors
Verse 1

not. Greek. me. App-105.

troubled. Compare John 11:33 (Himself); John 12:27 (My soul); John 18:21 (spirit). Here it is the heart. In all cases the whole being is meant. See also Luke 24:38.

ye believe. There is no reason for translating the two verbs differently. Both are imperative. "Believe in God, and believe in Me".

believe. App-150.

in. Greek. eis. God. App-98.

Verse 2

In. Greek. en. App-104.

My Father"s. In John"s Gospel the Lord uses this expression thirty-five times, though in a few instances the texts read "the" instead of "My". It is found fourteen times in these three chapters 14-16. It occurs seventeen times in Matthew, six times in Luke (three times in parables), but not once in Mark.

mansions = abiding places. Greek. more (from meno, a characteristic word in this Gospel). Occurs only here and in John 14:23,

if it were not so = if not. Greek. ei me. There is no verb. I would, &c. All the texts add "that" (hoti), and read "would I have told you that I go", &c.

Verse 3

if. App-118.

I will come, &c. = again I am coming, and I will receive you.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

that = in order that. Greek hires.

yemay be also = ye also may be.

Verse 4

know. Greek. oida. App-132. Most of the texts omit the second "ye know", and read, "whither, &c., ye know the way. "

Verse 5

Thomas. See App-94and App-141.

unto = to. Lord. App-98. A.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

can, &c. The texts read, "know we".

Verse 6

Jesus. App-98.

am. This affirmation used by our Lord at least twenty-five times in John. See John 4:26; John 6:20 ("It is I". Greek Ego eimi), 35, 41, 48, 51; John 8:12, John 8:18, John 8:23, John 8:24, John 8:28, John 8:58; John 10:7, John 10:9, John 10:11, John 10:14; John 11:25; John 13:19; John 15:1, John 15:5; John 18:5, John 18:6, John 18:8, John 18:37.

way. Compare Acts 9:2; Acts 18:25, Acts 18:26; Acts 19:9, Acts 19:23; Acts 22:4; Acts 24:22.

the truth = and the truth. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton to emphasize the Lord"s statement.

truth. Greek aletheia. Compare App-175. This word occurs twenty-five times in John, always in the lips of the Lord, save John 1:14, John 1:17 and John 18:38 (Pilate). Only seven times in Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

life. App-170., a characteristic word in this Gospel, where it occurs thirty-six times. See first occurance (Matthew 7:14), "the way which leadeth unto life", and compare 1 John 5:11, 1 John 5:12, 1 John 5:20.

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

cometh. Compare John 6:44.

the Father. See John 1:14,

but = if not. Greek ei me.

by = through. Greek dia. App-104. John 14:1.

Verse 7

If, &c. App-118.

known. App-132.

from henceforth = from (Greek. apo. App-104. iv) now.

seen. App-133. Compare 1 John 1:1.

Verse 8

Philip. See John 1:43-48; John 6:5; John 12:21, John 12:22, and App-141.

Verse 9

so long time. Philip, one of the first called. See John 1:43.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

Verse 10

Believest. App-150.

the words, &c. Supply the Ellipsis (App-6) thus: "The words that I speak, I speak not of Myself, but the Father that dwelleth in Me speaketh them, and the works that I do, I do not of Myself, but the Father that dwelleth in Me doeth them".

words. Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32.

of = from, Greek. apo. App-104.

dwelleth =

abideth. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.

the works. The texts read "His works".

Verse 11

Believe Me that, &c. App-150.

believe Me. App-150.

for . . . sake = On account of. Greek. dia. App-104. John 14:2.

very works = works themselves.

Verse 12

Verily, verily. The twenty-second occurance. See on John 1:51.

the works, &c.: i.e. similar works, e.g. Acts 3:7; Acts 3:9. as.

he do also = he also do.

greater. Not only more remarkable miracles (Acts 5:15; Acts 19:12) by the men who were endued with power from on high (pneuma hagion, App-101.), but a more extended and successful ministry. The Lord rarely went beyond the borders of Palestine. He for-bade the twelve to go save to the lost sheep of the house of Israel (Matthew 10:5, Matthew 10:6); after Pentecost they went "everywhere" (Acts 8:4), and Paul could say, "your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world" (Romans 1:8).

Verse 13

ask. App-134. Compare Matthew 7:7.

name. The word occurs first in Matthew 1:21, associated with Jesus (App-98. X). Compare Mark 16:17 with Acts 3:6, Acts 3:16; Acts 4:10, &c.

glorified. See John 12:16.

Verse 15

love. Greek. agapao. App-135., and see p. 1511. keep. Most of the texts read, "ye will keep".

Verse 16

pray. Greek. erotao. App-134. Not aiteo as in John 14:18. See 1 John 5:16, where both words are used.

shall = will.

another. Greek. allos. App-124.

Comforter. Greek. parakletos, rendered "Advocate" in 1 John 2:1. Parakletos and the Latin Advocatus both mean one called to the side of another for help or counsel. The word is only found in John: here; John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:7 and 1 John 2:1. So we have one Paraclete (the Holy Spirit) as here, and another with the Father. The Rabbinical writings often refer to the Messiah under the title Menahem (= Comforter), and speak of His days as the days of consolation. Compare Luke 2:25. See Dr. John Lightfoot"s Works, vol. xii, p. 384.

abide. Greek. meno. Same as "dwelleth "in John 14:10. See p. 1611.

for ever. Greek. eis ton aiona. App-151.

Verse 17

the Spirit of truth = the Spirit (App-101.) of the truth. The definite article in both cases.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

cannot = is not (App-105) able to.

seeth. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

with = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

Verse 18

comfortless = orphans. Greek. or phanos. Occurs only here and James 1:27.

will come = am coming. As in John 14:3.

to. Greek. pros. App-104.

Verse 19

a little while; i.e. about thirty hours. From the moment the Lord was taken down from the cross and entombed, He disappeared from the eyes of the world. Acts 10:40, Acts 10:41.

no more. Greek. ouk eti.

shall live also = also shall live.

Verse 20

At = In. Greek. en. App-104.

At that day. Referring primarily to the forty days after His resurrection, but this well-known Hebrew term describes the day of the Lord, in contra- distinction to this present day of man (1 Corinthians 4:3 margin) See Isaiah 2:11-17 and Revelation 1:10.

I in you. Fulfilled primarily at Pentecost, but looking on to the time when He will be among (Greek. en. App-104.) His people, as Jehovah-Shammah. See Ezekiel 43:7; Ezekiel 48:35. Zephaniah 3:15-17.

Verse 21

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

manifest. Greek. emphanizo. App-106.

Verse 22

Judas. App-141. Brother or son of James (Luke 6:16, Revised Version) Five others of this name. Judas Iscariot; Judas, the Lord"s brother (Matthew 13:30); Judas of Galilee (Acts 5:37); Judas of Damascus (Acts 9:11); and Judas Barsabas (Acts 15:22). This is the only mention of this Judas. how is it . . . P = how comes it to pass?

wilt = art about to.

Verse 23

answered, &c. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41 and App-122.

a man = any one. Greek. tis. App-123.

words = word (singular) Greek. logos: i.e. the commandments of verses: John 14:15, John 14:21.

abode. Same word as "mansions", in John 14:2.

Verse 24

sayings = words. Greek. logos. Same as "word "in the next clause, and in John 14:23. Compare John 8:51, John 8:52, John 8:55, and see note on Mark 9:32. Which sent Me. This expression (Greek. ho pempsas, App-174.), Occurs twenty-four times, all in John. See John 4:34; John 5:23, John 5:24, John 5:30, John 5:37; John 6:38, John 6:39, John 6:40, John 6:44; John 7:16, John 7:28, John 7:33; John 8:16, John 8:18, John 8:26, John 8:29; John 9:4; John 12:44, John 12:45, John 12:49; John 13:20; John 15:21; John 16:5. In the third person, "that sent Him", twice, John 7:18; John 13:16.

Verse 25

being yet present = abiding. Greek. mend. A characteristic word in John"s Gospel. See p. 1511. Same word as "abide", John 14:16, and "dwell", verses: John 14:10, John 14:17.

Verse 26

the Holy Ghost = the Spirit, the Holy. Greek. to Pneuma to Hagion. The only place in John where the two articles are found. Elsewhere Matthew 12:32. Mark 3:29; Mark 12:36; Mark 13:11. Luke 2:26; Luke 3:22. Acts 1:16; Acts 5:3, Acts 5:32; Acts 7:61; Acts 8:18; Acts 10:44, Acts 10:47; Acts 11:15; Acts 13:2, Acts 13:4; Acts 15:8; Acts 19:6; Acts 20:23, Acts 20:28; Acts 21:11; Acts 21:28, Acts 21:25. Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 4:30. Hebrews 3:7; Hebrews 9:8; Hebrews 9:10. is. Twenty-eight times (7 x 4 = 28. App-10). See App-101.

he = that One. Greek. ekeinos.

teach. Greek. didasko. Occurs 97 times, always rendered "teach". Compare 1 John 2:27. Other words translated "teach "are katangello, Acts 16:21; katecheo, 1 Corinthians 14:19. Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:6; matheteuo, Matthew 28:19. Acts 14:21; and paideuo, Acts 22:3. Titus 2:12.

bring, &c. = put you in mind of. Occurs seven times: Luke 22:61. 2 Timothy 2:14. Titus 3:1. 2 Peter 1:12. 2 John 1:10. Jude 1:5. Compare John 2:17, John 2:22; John 12:16. Luke 24:6, Luke 24:8 (a kindred word).

Verse 27

Peace. Figure of speech Synecdoche. Greek. eirene. Six times in John, always by the Lord. Compare Daniel 10:19.

with you = to you.

My peace. The Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6) alone can give true peace. Compare John 16:33; John 20:19, John 20:21, John 20:26. Luke 24:36.

unto = to,

world. Greek kosmos. App-129. The world talks of peace, and we have Peace Societies, and Temples of Peace, while the nations are arming to the teeth. The world (Acts 4:27) slew Him Who came to bring peace, and now talks of creating a "World"s Peace" without the Prince of Peace, in ignorance of Psalms 2:1. Proverbs 1:25-27. 1 Thessalonians 5:8.

neither. Greek mede.

be afraid = show cowardice. Greek. deiliao. Occures only here. The noun deilia. Occurs only in 2 Timothy 1:7, and the adjective deilos in Matthew 8:26. Mark 4:40. Revelation 21:8.

Verse 28

have heard = heard (Aor.)

come again = am coming (omit "again "). I said. All the texts omit.

greater. The Lord was not inferior as to His essential being (see verses: John 14:9-11; John 10:30), but as to His office, as sent by the Father. See 1 Corinthians 15:27. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:9-11.

Verse 29

now. Greek. nee. See John 12:27.

believe. App-150.

Verse 30

Hereafter I will not = No longer (Greek. ouk eti) will I.

prince. See John 12:31.

nothing. Greek. ouk ouden, a double negative, for emphasis. No sin for Satan to work upon. Compare John 8:46. 2 Corinthians 6:21. Hebrews 4:15. 1 Peter 2:22, 1 Peter 2:23; 1 John 3:5.

Verse 31

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

I love. The only place where the Lord speaks of loving the Father. Six times the Father"s love to the Son is mentioned, John 3:35; John 10:17; John 16:9; John 17:23, John 17:24, John 17:26. The adjective agapetos, beloved, does not occur in John"s Gospel, but nine times in his Epistles. See App-135.

as = even as.

gave . . . commandment = charged. Compare Matthew 4:6; Matthew 17:9, and see notes on Isa. . John 49:6-9.

even so. Compare John 3:14; John 5:23; John 12:60. Note even as . . . even so.

I do = I am doing, i.e. carrying it out in obedience to the Father"s will. Compare John 4:34; John 5:30; John 6:38-40. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:8. Hebrews 5:8,

arise. Implying haste . Greek. egeiro. App-178.

let us go. Compare John 11:15.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 14:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology