corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

John 17



Other Authors
Verse 1

words = things; i.e. from John 13:31 to John 16:33.

Jesus. App-98.

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

heaven = the heaven (singular) See on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Father. App-98. See on John 1:14.

hour. Compare John 12:23, John 12:27; John 13:1.

glorify. See on John 12:16 and p. 1511.

Son. App-98and App-108.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

also. All texts omit.

Verse 2

As = Even as.

power = authority. App-172.

over all flesh. Literally of: i.e. in relation to (App-17.) all flesh. Compare Isaiah 40:5. Luke 3:6. Acts 2:17.

eternal. App-151.

life. App-170.

to as many, &c. Literally everything that Thou hast given Him, to them. Seven times in this prayer His people are said to have been given Him by the Father, verses: John 17:2, John 17:6, John 17:6, John 2:9, John 2:11, John 2:12, John 2:24; but see notes on verses: John 17:11, John 17:12.

Verse 3

this, &c. Not a definition of eternal life, but the purpose (Greek. hina, as in John 17:1) for which it is given.

know. App-132.

true. App-175., and p. 1511.

God. App-98.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

sent. App-174. Christ said to be the sent One six times in this prayer, forty-three times in John; apostello, 17 times; pempo, 33 times.

Verse 4

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

earth. App-129.

I have finished. The texts read "having finished". Compare John 4:34; John 5:36; John 19:30.

gavest = hast given.

to do = in order that (Greek. hina, as in John 17:1) I should do it.

Verse 5

now. Greek. nun, as in John 13:31.

with = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

glory. Greek. doxa. See p. 1511.

before. Greek. pro. App-104.

world. App-129.

Verse 6

have manifested = manifested.

name. Compare verses: it, 12, 26. Exodus 34:5. Psalms 9:10; Psalms 20:1 (see note there).

unto = to.

men. App-123.

gavest. Compare John 17:2; John 6:37; John 12:32.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104. kept. Greek. tereo. This word is used in these chapters twelve times: John 14:15, John 14:21, John 14:23, John 14:24; John 15:10, John 15:10, John 15:20, John 15:20; John 17:6, John 17:11, John 17:12, John 17:15; nine times in reference to the Word, thrice in reference to the disciples. word. Greek. logos. See Mark 9:32. Three statements are made by the Lord of His disciples, each three times: their relationship to the Word, verses: John 17:6, John 17:7, John 17:8; relationship to the Sent One, verses: John 17:8, John 17:18, John 17:25; relationship to the world, verses: John 17:14, John 17:14, John 17:16.

Verse 7

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.

Verse 8

words. Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32.

have received = received.

have known = knew,

surely = truly. Greek. alethos. Compare App-175.

from. Greek. para, as in John 17:7.

have believed = believed. App-150.

Verse 9

pray = ask. Greek. erotao. App-134. The Lord uses this word eight times in these chapters: John 14:16; John 16:5, John 16:23, John 16:26; John 17:9, John 17:9, John 17:15, John 17:20. The word aiteo, used of an inferior addressing a superior, Occurs John 14:13, John 14:14; John 15:7, John 15:16; John 16:23, John 16:24, John 16:24, John 16:26. Compare Mark 15:43 (crave), Luke 23:52 (beg).

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104. not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 10

all Mine are Thine, &c. = all things that are Mine are Thine, &c. This is a claim of perfect equality. Everything belonging to the Father, from essential being to works, the Son claims as His own. Luther says, "Any man can say " All mine is Thine", but only the Son can say "All that is Thine is Mine. " Compare 1 Corinthians 3:21-23.

am glorified = have been glorified. See verses: John 17:6-8.

in. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 11

now . . . no more = no longer. Greek. ouketi.

to = unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

Holy Father. When speaking of Himself, the Lord says, "Father", verses: John 1:5, John 1:21, John 1:24; when speaking of His disciples, "Holy Father"; when speaking of the world, "Righteous Father", John 17:25. The holiness of God has separated the disciples from the world. Compare 1 John 2:15, 1 John 2:16.

through = in. Greek. en, as in John 17:12.

whom. All the texts read "which", referring to "name": i.e. "Keep them through Thy name which Thou hast given Me. "Compare Exodus 23:21. Isaiah 9:6. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:9, Philippians 1:10. Revelation 19:12.

one. Greek. en. Neut. as in John 10:30. This request is made five times (App-6) in this chapter: here, verses: John 21:21, John 21:22, John 21:23.

Verse 12

While = When. with. Greek. meta. App-104.

in the world. All the texts omit.

those that. As in John 17:11, all the texts put the relative in the singular, and read "in Thy name that Thou gayest Me, and I kept them".

have kept = kept (Greek. phulasso), i.e. guarded. Compare Luke 2:8 (keep watch). 1 John 5:21. Not the same word as in former clause and John 17:6.

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

lost. Greek apollumi. Occurs twelve times in John: John 6:12, John 6:39; John 12:25; John 17:12; John 18:9 (lose); John 3:15, John 3:16; John 6:27; John 10:28; John 11:50 (perish); John 10:10 (destroy); John 18:14 (die). Used of the doom of the sinner. One of the strongest words in the Greek language to express final and irretrievable destruction.

but = except. Greek. ei me.

the son, &c. This expression occurs here and 2 Thessalonians 2:3 (the Antichrist). Used in the Septuagint in Isaiah 57:4, "children of transgression". Compare Matthew 9:16; Matthew 13:38; Matthew 23:15. Luke 16:8. Acts 13:10. Ephesians 2:2, in all which passages "child "should be "son".

perdition. Greek. apoleia, a kindred word to apollumi. Occurs twenty times. Only here in John. First occurance. Matthew 7:13.

the scripture, &c. This expression occurs five times in John, here, John 13:18; John 19:24, John 19:28, John 19:36.

might be = may be, expressing certainty.

fulfilled. See on John 15:11.

Verse 14

Thy word. In John 17:6 the word is "kept", here it is "given"; in John 17:17 its character is stated, "truth".

hath hated = hated.

Verse 15

from = out of. Greek. ek, as in the former clause. the evil = the evil one. See on Matthew 6:13. Compare 1 John 5:19. Three things the Lord requested for His disciples: to be kept from the evil one, to be sanctified through the truth (John 17:17), and to behold His glory (John 17:24).

Verse 17

Sanctify = Hallow. Greek. hagiam. Separation is the idea of the word "holy". See note on Exodus 3:5.

Thy. All the texts read "the".

truth. The truth is the great separating force. Compare Matthew 10:35.

Thy word, &c. = The word that is Thine is the truth. The Incarnate and revealed Words alike. Compare John 6:33; John 14:6; John 16:13. Matthew 22:16. 2 Corinthians 6:7; 2 Corinthians 13:8. Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:5, Galatians 1:14. Ephesians 1:13.

Verse 18

As = Even as.

hast sent = didst send.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

have . . . sent = sent.

Verse 19

for their sakes = on behalf of (Greek. huper. App-104.) them.

I sanctify Myself = I dedicate or consecrate Myself. This shows the meaning of sanctify; not making holy as to moral character, but setting apart for God. The Lord was the antitype of all the offerings, which were holy unto Jehovah.

might be = may be.

the truth. There is no article.

Verse 20

Neither = Not, (Greek. ou. App-105).

shall believe. All the texts read "believe".

believe on. App-150.

through. Greek. dia. App-104.

Verse 21

hast sent = didst send (Aor.)

Verse 22

gayest. Here the reading should be "hast given".

Verse 23

made perfect = perfected. Greek. teleioo. Same word as "finish" in John 17:4.

in = into. Greek. eis. App-104.

and. All omit.

hast sent = didst send.

hast loved = lovedst.

loved. Greek. agapao. See p. 1511.

as = even as.

Verse 24

will. Greek. thelo. App-102. Compare John 12:21; John 15:7; John 16:19.

behold. Greek. theoreo. App-133. Compare John 2:23,

the foundation, &c. See App-146.

Verse 25

righteous Father. See on John 17:11.

hath not known Thee = knew Thee not. See John 8:55. Romans 1:18-32. 1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 2:8.

have known = knew.

hast sent = didst send.

Verse 26

have declared = declared: i.e. made known. Greek. gnorizo. See John 15:15, the only other occurance in John. Kindred word to ginosko (App-132. ) and gnosis, knowledge.

love. Greek. agape. App-136.

hast loved = lovedst. This whole chapter beautifully illustrates Psalm 119 and Psalms 138:2.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 17:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology