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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Joshua 9

 

 

Verse 1

the Canaanite, the Perizzite. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "and the Canaanite and the Perizzite".


Verse 2

accord. Hebrew "mouth" put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for what is said by it: i.e. one consent.


Verse 3

inhabitants. The Gibeonires were Hivites (Joshua 9:7), condemned to extermination as mixed with the descendants of the Nephilim (App-26). Exodus 23:32; Exodus 34:12-15. Numbers 33:51-56. Deuteronomy 7:1, Deuteronomy 7:2; Deuteronomy 20:16. They were aware of this. Hence their mission; by which they exposed themselves to the enmity of the other nations (Joshua 10:1-4).

Gibeon = High place. About six and a half miles from Beth-el, eight miles north-north-west of Jerusalem.

what. Some codices, with Septuagint and Vulgate, read "all that".


Verse 4

They They too.

made as if they had been ambassadors. Some codices, with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "furnished themselves with provisions", as in Joshua 9:11 and Joshua 9:12.

bottles = skins i.e. wine-skins.


Verse 5

clouted = patched (Anglo-Saxon, clut.)

mouldy = become crumbly.


Verse 6

men. Heb, "ish. App-14.


Verse 9

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

God. Hebrew Elobim. App-4.


Verse 11

with you, Hebrew in your hand,


Verse 12

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. Ap. 6,


Verse 14

the men. Hebrew, plural of ish or "enosh. App-14

took of their victuals. Probably tasted, or partook of their food; or, ate with them--a token of friendship.

asked not: i.e. by "Urim and Thummim". Compare Exodus 28:30, note.

mouth. Put by Figure of speech Melonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the counsel given by the mouth.


Verse 17

children = sons.


Verse 18

made a league = solemnised a covenant.


Verse 21

be = become.

promised. Compare Joshua 9:15.


Verse 24

commanded. Compare Deuteronomy 7:1-5.

our lives = our souls. Hebrew. Nephesh. See App-13.

LORD. There is an Homoeoteleuton (App-6) here, preserved in the Septuagint; a scribe going back to the former of the two words "Lord"; and reading " the altar of Jehovah [and the inhabitants of Gibeon became hewers of wood and drawers of water for the altar of Jehovah]", even unto this day, &c.

even. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-8), thus = "[as they are] even".

in = for.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 9:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-9.html. 1909-1922.

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