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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Jude 1



Verse 1

Jude. See Introductory Notes.

the = a.

servant. App-190.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

James. See James 1:1.

sanctified. All the texts and the Syriac read "beloved" (App-135.)

by = in. App-104.

God. App-98.

Father. App-98.

preserved = kept. Greek. tereo. Occ five times in the epistle, verses: Jude 1:1, Jude 1:6, Jude 1:6, Jude 1:13, Jude 1:21. The word phulasso is used in Jude 1:24.

Verse 2

unto = to.

love. App-135. The only salutation where "love" is mentioned.

multiplied. Compare 1 Peter 1:2. 2 Peter 1:2.

Verse 3

Beloved. App-135.

when I gave = making.

the. The texts read "our".

common. Compare Titus 1:4.

it was needful for me = I had need.

and exhort = exhorting. App-134.

that ye should = to.

earnestly contend. Greek. epagonizomai. Only here. Compare agonizomai. Luke 13:24.

faith. App-150.

once = once for all.

delivered. Greek. paradidomi. See John 19:30.

saints. See Acts 9:13.

Verse 4

there are. Omit.

certain. App-124.

men. App-123.

crept in unawares. Greek. pareisduo. Only here. Compare Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:4. 2 Peter 2:1.

before . . . ordained = before written. Greek. prographo. See Romans 15:4.

condemnation. App-177.

ungodly men = impious. Greek. asebes. See Romans 4:5, and compare App-128.

turning = changing. Greek. metatithemi. See Acts 7:16.

grace. App-184.

into. App-104.

lasciviousness. Greek. aselgeia. See Romans 13:13.

denying. See 2 Peter 2:1.

Lord. App-98.

God. The texts omit.

Lord. App-98.

Verse 5

will. App-102.

put . . . in remembrance. Greek. hupomimnesko. See John 14:26. knew. App-132.

LORD. App-98. Some texts (not the Syriac) read "Jesus". Compare 1 Corinthians 10:4.

People. Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47.

land. App-129.

afterward. Literally the second time, or in the second place.

destroyed. Greek. apollumi. See John 17:12.

believed. App-150.

Verse 6

kept. Same as "preserved", Jude 1:1.

their first estate = their own principality (App-172.) Compare Ephesians 1:21; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12. Colossians 1:16; Colossians 2:10, Colossians 2:15.

habitation. Greek. oikiterion. Only here and 2 Corinthians 5:2.

reserved. Same as "kept", above.

everlasting. App-151.

chains. Greek. desmos. Not same word as Revelation 20:1.

under. App-104.

darkness. See 2 Peter 2:4.

judgment. App-177.

day. See Matthew 25:41. Revelation 20:10, Revelation 20:11.

Verse 7

about. App-104.

manner. Add "to these", i.e. the angels of Jude 1:6. The sin of Sodom and Gomorrha, like that of the angels of Gen 6 (App-23,), was an unnatural one, breaking through the bounds which God had set.

giving, &c. Greek. ekporneuo. Only here. Anintensive form of porneuo, which occurs: 1 Corinthians 6:18. &c.

strange = other. App-124.

are set forth. Greek. prokeimai. See 2 Corinthians 8:12.

example. Greek. deigma. Only here.

suffering = undergoing. Greek. hupecho. Only here.

vengeance. App-177.

eternal. App-151.

Verse 8

also these = these also.

dreamers = in their dreamings. Greek. enupniazomai. See Acts 2:17.

defile. See John 18:28.

despise. Greek. atheteo. See John 12:48 (rejecteth).

dominion = lordship. See Ephesians 1:21. 2 Peter 2:10 (government).

speak evil of = blaspheme.

dignities. Literally glories. Compare 2 Peter 2:10.

Verse 9

Michael. See Daniel 10:13.

archangel. See 1 Thessalonians 4:16. No other angel bears this title.

contending. App-122.

disputed. Greek. dialegomai. See Acts 17:2.

about. App-104.

Moses. The seventy-ninth occurance of the name. See Matthew 8:4. This disputemust have taken place after the death of Moses and his burial by Jehovah, for "death reigned from Adam to (until) Moses" (Romans 5:14). The devilclaimed Moses for the death-state, but God raised him as representative ofthose hereafter to be raised, as Elijah of those to be caught up withoutdying.

bring against. Greek. epiphero. See Acts 19:12.

railing accusation. Literally judgment (App-177.) of railing (Greek. blasphemia).

LORD. App-98.

Verse 10

know. App-132.

naturally. Greek. phusikos. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:12.

brute. See 2 Peter 2:12.

in. App-104.

corrupt themselves = are destroyed. Greek. phtheiro. See 1 Corinthians 3:17.

Verse 11

have gone = went.

Cain. His way was that of natural religion, not the way God hadappointed.

ran greedily = rushed. Literally were poured out. Greek. ekchuno. Often translated "shed".

reward. Same word as in 2 Peter 2:13, 2 Peter 2:15.

perished. Greek. apollumi. See John 17:12.

gainsaying. Greek. antilogia. See Hebrews 6:16; Hebrews 12:3. In five places wherethe Hebrew has "Meribah", the Septuagint translates it by antilogia. Numbers 20:13; Numbers 27:14. Deuteronomy 32:51; Deuteronomy 33:8. Psalms 81:7.

Core. Korah, as the two others, resisted the declared will of God.

Verse 12

spots = hidden rocks, as the texts. Greek. spilas. Only here. The word in Ephesians 5:27 and 2 Peter 2:13 is spilos.

feasts of charity. Literally loves, i.e. love-feasts. App-135.

when they feast = feasting. See 2 Peter 2:13.

feeding. Literally pasturing, as a shepherd does his flock.

themselves. Making the love-feast an occasion of gratifying the appetite, instead of promoting spiritual edification. Compare Ezekiel 34:2.

whose fruit withereth = in autumnal decay. Greek. phthinoporinos. Onlyhere.

without fruit. Greek. akarpos. Elsewhere translated "unfruitful".

Verse 13

Raging = Wild. Greek. agrios. Occurs: Matthew 3:4. Mark 1:6.

foaming out. Greek. epaphrizo. Only here.

wandering. Greek. planetes. Only here.

is = hath been.

blackness. Same as "darkness", Jude 1:6.

for ever. App-151. a.

Verse 14

And, &c. Read, "And to these also Enoch".

Behold. App-133.:2.

cometh. Literally came.

with = among. App-104.

saints = holy ones, i.e. angels. Compare Deuteronomy 33:2, Revised Version Matthew 25:31. Mark 8:38.

Verse 15

upon = against. App-104.

convince = convict. Greek. exelencho. Only here, but the texts read elencho, as John 8:9.

that are = the.

among = of. The texts omit.

their = the.

ungodly deeds = works of impiety (App-128. IV).

have. Omit.

ungodly committed. See 2 Peter 2:6.

have spoken = spake. App-121.

against. App-104.

Verse 16

murmurers. Greek. gongustes. Only here. Compare John 6:41. Acts 6:1.

complainers. Greek. mempsimoiros. Only here.

after. App-104.

great swelling. See 2 Peter 2:18.

having, &c. = admiring persons.

because of. Greek. charin. See 1 John 3:12.

advantage = profit. See Romans 3:1.

Verse 17

words. Greek. rhema, See Mark 9:32.

were = have been.

apostles. App-189.

Lord. App-98.

Verse 18

told = said to.

should = shall.

mockers = scoffers. See 2 Peter 3:3.

in. The texts read App-104.

who, &c. walking.

ungodly lusts = lusts of impieties (App-128. IV).

Verse 19

separate themselves = are separating. Greek. apodiorizo. Only here.

sensual. Greek. psuchikos. See 1 Corinthians 2:14. James 3:15.

Spirit. Here "spirit". App-101.

Verse 20

building up. See Acts 20:32.

faith App-150.; i.e. the object of faith Compare 1 Corinthians 3:11.

praying. App-134.

Holy Ghost = holy spirit. App-101.

Verse 21

the love of God = God"s love to you, i.e. the assurance of it, basedon His Word.

looking for. Greek. prosdechomai. See Acts 23:21.

life. App-170.

Verse 22

have compassion. Some texts read elencho, "convict".

making, &c. App-122., but several texts read "when they contend".

Verse 23

with. The texts read en. App-104.

spotted. Greek. spiloo, See James 3:6, and compare Revelation 3:4.

Verse 24

keep = guard. Greek. phulassso. Compare John 17:12.

from falling = without falling. Greek. aptaistos. Only here. Compare Romans 11:11(stumble).

present = set, or make stand. See Acts 22:30.

faultless = blameless. Greek. amomos. See Ephesians 1:4. Colossians 1:22.

before the presence of. Greek. katenopion. See 2 Corinthians 2:17.

glory. See p. 1511exceeding joy = exultation. Greek. agalliasis. See Acts 2:46.

Verse 25

wise. All the texts omit. Compare 1 Timothy 1:17.

majesty. Greek. megalosune. See Hebrews 1:3.

dominion. App-172.

power. App-172.

now, &c. The texts read "before every age and now and unto all the ages".

ever. App-151.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jude 1:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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