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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Luke 10



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Verse 1

Luke 10:1-16 are peculiar to Luke.

After. Greek. meta. App-104.

Lord. App-98.

appointed. Greek anadeiknumi. Occurs only here,

and, Acts 1:24 (shew).

other = others, as in Luke 9:56, Luke 9:59, Luke 9:61.

seventy also: i.e. as well as the Twelve.

before. Greek. pro. App-104.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

would come = was about to come.

Verse 2

unto. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 10:9, Luke 10:11.

pray. Greek. deomai. App-134. Implying the senseof need.

would = may.

Verse 3

behold = lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

among = in (Greek. en. App-104.) the midst.

Verse 4

neither = not. Greek. me. App-105.

purse. Greek balantion. Peculiar to Luke; only here; Luke 12:33.; Luke 22:35, Luke 22:36.

nor. Greek me.

scrip = a beggar"s collecting bag. See on Matthew 10:10.

nor. Greek. mede.

shoes = sandals: i.e. a second pair or change.

salute = greet. In Luke only here and Luke 1:40.

no man. Greek. medeis.

by. Greek. kata. App-104.

Verse 5

ye enter = ye may enter.

Peace, &c. The usual salutation. Compare Judges 19:20.

Verse 6

if = if indeed. A condition of uncertainty. App-118.

if not. Greek. ei (App-118.) mega (App-105).

to. Greek. epi. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 7:15, Luke 7:30, Luke 7:34.

Verse 7

in. Greek. en. App-104.

they give = are with (Greek. para. App-104.)

them. not. Greek. me. App-105.

from = out of. Greek. ek. App-104. Not the sameword as in verses: Luke 10:21, Luke 10:30, Luke 10:42. Greek eis. App-104.

Verse 8

ye enter = ye may enter (with Greek. an).

Verse 9

heal. See on Luke 6:13.

therein = in (Greek. en. App-104.) it.

unto = to. The kingdom of God. See App-114.

come nigh = drawn nigh.

unto. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 11

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 10:22.

cleaveth. A medical term, used of the uniting of wounds.

wipe off Greek. apemasso. Occurs only here in N.T. All the texts add "the feet "(A, "our feet ").

notwithstanding. See note on Luke 10:20.

be ye sure = get to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

Verse 13

Chorazin . . . Bethsaida. See App-169.

Bethsaida. Aramaean. App-94.

mighty works = powers. Greek. Plural of dunamis. See App-172.

been done = taken place.

repented. See App-111.

sackcloth. Greek. sakkos, from Rob. sak = sacking. A coarsely woven material used for sieves and strainers (worn next the skin in mourning), Isaiah 3:24. Job 16:15. 1 Kings 21:27. 2 Kings 6:30; not laid aside at night, 1 Kings 21:27. Joel 1:13. Compare Isaiah 20:2, &c.

ashes. Also a sign of mourning. See 1 Samuel 4:12. 2 Samuel 1:2; 2 Samuel 13:19. Job 2:12. Ezekiel 27:30, &c

Verse 14

But = Howbeit. See note on Luke 10:20.

at = in. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 10:32, Luke 10:39.

Verse 15

Capernaum. See App-169.

which art exalted. All the texts read, "shalt thou be exalted? "(with me, App-105. Interrog.)

to. Greek. heos. As far asto.

heaven = the heaven (sing). See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

shalt, &c. = thou shalt be brought down.

hell. Greek. Hades. See App-131.

Verse 16

despiseth = rejecteth. See Luke 7:30, and compare Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:21; Galatians 3:15.

sent. App-174.

Verse 17

the seventy. See note on Luke 10:1.

with. Greek. meta. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 10:27. devils-demons.

subject = subdued, put under. Compare Luke 2:51. 1 Corinthians 15:27, 1 Corinthians 15:28. Ephesians 11:22. Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:21.

through. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 18

I beheld. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

Satan. Hebrew transliterated = the Adversary. 1 Samuel 29:4. Diabolos is the more frequent term in the N.T. Both are in Revelation 12:9.

fall = having fallen.

Verse 19

I give = I have given. So L m T Tr. A WH R.

power = authority. Greek. exousia. App-172.

on. Greek. epano, upon (from above). Not the sameword as in verses: Luke 34:35, Luke 34:37.

over = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

power = might. Greek. dunamis. App-172.

nothing . . . by any means. Greek. ouden. ., ou me. App-105.

Verse 20

Notwithstanding. Greek. plen, as in Luke 10:11; rendered "But" in Luke 10:14, an emphatic conjunction.

spirits. App-101.

are written = have been written (T Tr. WI R), or in-scribed (TWH). See Exodus 32:32. Psalms 69:28. Daniel 12:1. Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:3. Hebrews 12:23, Revelation 3:5; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:12; Revelation 21:27; Revelation 22:19.

heaven = the heavens (plural) See notes on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Verse 21

Jesus. Om. by all the texts.

rejoiced = exulted.

in spirit. Greek. en (App-104.) pneuma. See App-101. But all the texts read "by the Spirit, the

Holy [Spirit]". App-101.

I thank. See notes on Matthew 11:25-27.

Lord, &c. Havingtherefore absolute power. App-98. B. b.

hast hid = didst hide,

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

hast revealed = didst reveal.

so = thus.

seemed good = was it well-pleasing.

in Thy sight = before thee.

Verse 22

are = were.

of = by. Greek hupo. App-104.

no. Greek. ou. App-105.

knoweth = getteth to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

but = except. will

reveal Him = willeth (App-102.) to reveal [Him].

Verse 23

Blessed = Happy. Figure of speech Beatitude, not Benedictio

the eyes. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche, of the Part (App-6), for the whole person.

see. Greek. blepo. App-133.

Verse 24

tell you = say to you.

prophets. Abraham (Genesis 20:7; Genesis 23:6), Jacob (Genesis 49:18; App-36), &c.

kings. David (2 Samuel 23:1-5).

desired. Greek. thelo. App-102.

see. Greek. eidon. App-133.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 25

lawyer = doctor or teacher of the Law.

and tempted Him = putting Him to the test.

Master = Teacher. App-98.

Verse 26

What is written . . . ? = What standeth written? See App-143.

the law. See note on Matthew 5:17, and App-117

Verse 27

love. App-135.

LORD = Jehovah (Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 10:12. Leviticus 19:18). App-98. B. a.

with = ont of; Greek. ek. App-104.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6.

soul. Greek. psuche. App-110. Luke 10:1.

strength. Greek. ischus. App-172.

with all thy mind. All the texts read en (App-104.) instead of ek. (App-104.)

and thy neighbour, &c. Leviticus 19:18.

Verse 28

right = rightly, or correctly.

this do. No one ever did it, because the Law was given that, being convicted of" our impotence, we might thankfully cast ourselves on His omnipotence. Compare Romans 7:7-13.

thou shalt live. See notes on Leviticus 18:5, and compare Ezekiel 20:11, Ezekiel 20:13, Ezekiel 20:21. But see Romans 3:21, Romans 3:22. This is why Deuteronomy 6:5 is one of the passages inscribed in the Phylacteries. See Structure of Exodus 13:3-16, and note on Deuteronomy 6:4.

shalt = wilt. Compare Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:22.

Verse 29

But he, &c. Verses 29-37 peculiar to Luke.

willing = desiring, as in Luke 10:24.

neighbour. Compare Matthew 5:43. Leviticus 19:18.

Verse 30

answering = taking him up. Greek. hupolambano. Used only by Luke, here, Luke 7:43. Acts 1:9; Acts 2:15, and in this sense only here = taking [the ground] from under him.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

down. In more senses than one. The road was a steep descent. Compare Luke 19:28.

thieves = robbers, or brigands, as in Matthew 26:55. John 18:40. See notes there.

stripped, &c. Not of his raiment only, but of all he had.

wounded = inflicted wounds.

departed = went off. leaving him. Supply, with the force of the verb tunchano = leaving him [for all they cared] half dead.

half dead. Greek. hemithanes. Occurs only here in N.T.

Verse 31

by = according to. Greek kata. App-104. chance = coincidence. Occurs only here in N.T.

there came down = was going down; his duties being over. Jericho was a priestly city,

priest. Who might become defiled. passed by on the other side. One word in Greek. antiparerchomai. Occurs only here and Luke 10:32 in N.T.

Verse 32

when he was = being. at. Greek. kata. App-104.

place = spot.

looked on him, and = seeing (as in Luke 10:31) him.

Verse 33

journeyed. Greek. hodeuo. Occurs only here.

came where he was. A beautiful type of the Lord. And the end is seen in John 14:3.

where he was = to (kata, as above) him.

had compassion = was moved with compassion.

Verse 34

bound up. Greek. katadeo, a medical word. Occurs only

here in N.T.

wounds. Greek. trauma. Occurs only here.

pouring in. Greek. epicheo. Occurs only here.

on = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

inn. Greek. pandocheion = a khan. Occurs onlyhere inN.T.

Verse 35

pence = denarii, See App-51.

Two denarii= half a shekel, theransom money for a life (Exodus 30:12, Exodus 30:13).

the host. Greek. pandocheus. Compare "inn", above.

spendest more. Greek. prosdapanao. Occurs only here,

when I come again = in (Greek. en. App-104.) my coming back.

I. Emph.

Verse 36

now = therefore. Om. by [L] T [Tr. ] AWI R.

thinkest thou = seems to thee.

was = to have become.

among. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 37

on = with. Greek. meta. App-104.

Verse 38

Now. Verses 38-42peculiar to Luke.

Martha. Aramaean. App-94.

Verse 39

Mary. App-100.

also sat = sat also.

sat = seated herself. Greek. parakathizo. Occurs only here in N.T. Mary always misunderstood, but always found "at the Lord"s feet"; (1) her want of care, Compare Luke 10:42; (2) her following Martha, John 11:31; compare verses: Luke 10:32, Luke 10:33; (3) her anointing of the Lord"s feet, John 12:3; compare Luke 3:7.

at beside. Greek. para. App-104. All the texts read pros = against. App-104.

Jesus". All the texts read "the Lord"s".

heard = was listening to.

Verse 40

cumbered = distracted. Greek. perispaomai. Occurs only here.

about = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

came = came up.

Lord. Note the avoidance of the name "Jesus" by His disciples and others. See App-98.

dost Thou not care . . . ? = is it no concern to Thee. . . ?

she help me. Greek. sunantilambanomai. Occurs only here and Romans 8:26 in N.T. Supposed to be only a Biblical word, but it is found in the Papyri, and in inscriptions in the sense of taking a mutual interest or share in things.

Verse 41

Martha, Martha. Figure of speech Epizeuxis. App-6. See note on Genesis 22:11.

careful. See note on Matthew 6:25.

troubled = agitated. Greek. turbazomai. Occurs only here.

Verse 42

one thing, &c. = of one of [them] is there need. Not the unspiritual idea of "one dish", as there were not two or more as in our days. The Lord referred not to Martha"s serving, but to her over-care.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 10:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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