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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Luke 18



Verse 1

a parable. Both parables peculiar to Luke. Only here that the explanation is put first.

to this end, &c. Greek. pros (App-104.) to dein = to the purport that it is necessary, &c.

always. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Genus), App-6. = on alloccasions. perseveringly.

pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

to faint = to lose heart, be discouraged, give in, or give up. Greek. egkakeo.

Verse 2

in. Greek. en. App-104.

God. App-98.

neither. Greek. me. App-105.

regarded. Greek. entrepomai. Compare Matthew 21:37.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

Verse 3

a widow. were specially cared for under the law. See Exodus 22:22. Deuteronomy 10:18. Compare Isaiah 1:17, Isaiah 1:23. Malachi 3:5. Acts 6:1; Acts 9:41. 1 Timothy 5:3, &c.

came = kept coming, or repeatedly came.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

Avenge me = Do me justice from. Greek ekdikeo. Occurs here, Luke 18:5. Romans 12:19. 2 Corinthians 10:6. Revelation 6:10; Revelation 19:2.

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

Verse 4

would not = did not wish to. App-102.

not. Greek. ou. App-105. afterward after (Greek. meta. App-104.) these things.

within = to. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 5

because. Greek dia. App-104. Luke 18:2.

continual. Greek. eis telos = to the end.

weary me = pester, litearl. give me a blow under the eye. Greek. hupopiazo. Occurs only here and in 1 Corinthians 9:27 ("buffet ").

Verse 6

the unjust judge = the judge of injustice. Greek. adikia. App-128.

Verse 7

And shall not God = And God, shall He not.

not. Greek. ou me. App-105.

elect: i.e. His own people.

He bear long = He delayeth. The unjust judge delayed from selfish indifference. The righteous God may delay from a divinely all-wise purpose.

with = over. Greek. epi. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 18:11, Luke 18:27.

Verse 8

He will avenge = He will perform the avenging (Greek. ekdikesis. Compare Luke 18:5) of. Compare Psalms 9:12, Isaiah 63:4. Hebrews 10:37.

the Son of man. App-98.

faith = the faith.

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

the earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

Verse 9

certain = some also.

in. Greek. epi. App-104.

despised = made nothing of.

others = the rest. See Luke 8:10.

Verse 10

went up. It was always "up "to the Temple on Mount Moriah. Compare "went down" (Luke 18:14).

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

Pharisee. See App-120.

other. The different one. Greek heteros. App-124. publican. See note on Matthew 5:46.

Verse 11

stood = took his stand, or took up his position (by himself).

and prayed = and began to pray.

thus = these things.

with = to. Greek. pros. App-104.

extortioners. Like this tax-gatherer.

unjust. Like the judge of verses: Luke 18:2-5.

Verse 12

twice in the week. The law prescribed only one in the year (Leviticus 16:29. Numbers 29:7). By the time of Zechariah 8:19 there were four yearly fasts. In our Lord"s day they were bi-weekly (Monday and Thursday), between Passover and Pentecost; and between the Feast of Tabernacles and the Dedication.

all. The law only prescribed corn, wine, oil, and cattle (Deuteronomy 14:22, Deuteronomy 14:23. Compare Matthew 23:23).

possess = gain, acquire. Not a word about his sins. See Proverbs 28:13.

Verse 13

standing: i.e. in a position of humility.

afar off. Compare Psalms 40:12. Ezra 9:6.

not . . . so much as = not even. Greek. ou (App-105.) oude.

unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

heaven = the heaven. Singular. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

smote, &c. = was smiting, &c., or, began to smite. Expressive of mental grief. Compare Luke 23:48. Jeremiah 31:19. Nahum 2:7.

upon. Greek. eis; but all the texts omit.

be merciful = be propitiated or reconciled (through the atoning blood sprinkled on the mercy-seat). Greek. hilaskomai. Compare Exodus 25:17, Exodus 25:18, Exodus 25:21. Romans 3:25. Hebrews 2:17. Used in the Septuagint in connexion with the mercy-seat (Greek. hilasterion). Hebrews 9:5.

a sinner = the sinner (compare 1 Timothy 1:15). Greek. hamartolos. Compare App-128.

Verse 14

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

justified. Reckoned as righteous.

rather than. The texts read "compared with", Greek. para. App-104.

the other = that one.

for, &c. Repeated from Luke 14:11. Compare Habakkuk 2:4.

Verse 15

And they brought, &c. As in Matthew 19:13-15, and Mark 10:13-16. A common custom for mothers to bring their babes for a Rabbi"s blessing.

also infants = infants also.

infants = their babes. See App-108.

touch. Supplemental in Luke.

saw. Greek. eidon. App-133.

Verse 16

Jesus. See App-98.

little children. App-108.

the kingdom of God. App-112and App-114.

Verse 17

Verily. See note on Matthew 5:18.

in no wise. Greek. ou me. App-105.

therein = into (App-104.) it.

Verse 18

And a, &c. As in Matthew 19:16-30. Mark 10:17-31.

ruler. Supplemental. Not so described in Matthew or Mark.

Master = Teacher. App-98. Luke 18:1.

eternal. See App-151.

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

Verse 19

Why, &c. See note on Matthew 19:17.

Verse 20

knowest. Greek. oida. App-132.

Verse 21

All these. See note on Matthew 19:20.

Verse 22

Yet lackest, &c. = Still one thing is lacking to thee.

that = whatsoever.

the poor. App-127. See note on John 12:8.

heaven. No Art. Singular. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

come = come hither.

Verse 23

he was = he became. Compare Mark 10:22.

very rich = rich exceedingly.

Verse 24

when Jesus saw that he was = Jesus seeing (App-133.) him becoming.

hardly = with difficulty.

shall they = do they.

Verse 25

camel. See note on Matthew 19:24. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 18:1.

Verse 26

can = is able to.

Verse 27

impossible, &c. See note on Matthew 19:26. with. Greek para. App-104.

possible. Compare Job 42:2. Jeremiah 32:17. Zechariah 8:6.

Verse 28

Lo. Greek idou. App-133. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

have left = left

all. The critical texts read "our own", marking a particular case (Luke 5:11). Compare Deuteronomy 28:8-11.

Verse 29

or. Note the Figure of speech Paradiastole (App-6), for emphasis.

Verse 30

manifold more. Greek. pollaplasion. Occurs only here.

this present time = this very season.

the world to come = the age that is coming.

world = age. See App-129.

everlasting. App-151.

Verse 31

Then, &c. For verses: Luke 18:31-34, compare Matthew 20:17-19, and Mark 10:32-34. The fourth announcement of His rejection (see the Structure G A, p. 1461), containing additional particulars.

Then = And. No note of time.

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6). Same word as "Lo", Luke 18:28.

are written = have been and stand written.

by = by means of, or through. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 18:1.

concerning = for: i.e. for Him to accomplish.

Verse 32

be delivered, &c. These particulars (in verses: Luke 18:32, Luke 18:33)are supplementary to the former three announcements. See the Structure (p. 1461).

Verse 33

rise again. App-178.

Verse 34

understood none, &c. As in Luke 9:43-45. Compare Mark 9:32.

none = nothing. Greek. oudeis.

saying. Greek. rhema. See note on Mark 9:32.

from. Greek. apo. App-104.

neither knew they = and they did not (App-105) know (App-132.)

Verse 35

And it came to pass, &c. Not the same miracle as in Matthew 20:29-34, or Mark 10:46-52. See App-152.

as He was come nigh = in (Greek. en. App-104.) His drawing near. In Mark 10:46, "as He went out". a certain, &c. Not the same description as in Matthew 20:30, or Mark 10:46.

sat = was sitting (as a custom).

by = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

begging. So Bartimaeus (Mark 10:46); but not the two men (Matthew 20:30). Greek prosaiteo. Occurs only here. Mark 10:46. John 9:8, but all the texts read epaiteo, as in Luke 16:3.

Verse 36

he asked = he kept asking (Imperative mood) He knew not; but the other two heard and knew.

Verse 37

of Nazareth = the Nazarsean.

passeth by = is passing by.

Verse 38

cried = called out.

Son of David. App-98. Compare the call of the other men (App-152).

mercy = pity.

Verse 39

went before rebuked. Those who go before the Lord (instead of following) are apt to make mistakes.

cried = continued calling (Imperative mood) Not the same word as in Luke 18:38.

Verse 40

stood = stopped.

commanded . . . brought. The other man the Lord commanded to be "called" (Mark 10:49). The two were called by Himself (Matthew 20:32).

to be brought unto. Greek. acid pros. Used by Luke also in Luke 4:40; Luke 19:35. He uses prosago in Luke 9:41. Acts 16:20; Acts 27:27.

come near. The one in Mark 10:50. The two were already near (Matthew 20:32).

asked. Greek. eperotao. Compare App-134.

Verse 41

wilt = desirest. See App-102.

Lord. See App-98. B. a.

Verse 42

saved = healed. See on Luke 8:36.

Verse 43

immediately. See Luke 1:64.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 18:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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