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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Mark 10



Verse 1

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

coasts = confines, or borders.

by. Greek. dia. App-104.

farther aide = other side

people = crowds.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

taught = began teaching.

Verse 2

Pharisees. App-120.

Is it lawful. ? = If it is lawful. ? Putting the condition as a simple hypothesis. App-118.

a man = a husband. Greek. aner. App-123. Not the same word as in Mark 10:7,

Verse 3

answered and said. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41.

Moses. See note on Mark 1:44.

Verse 4

suffered = allowed.

a bill of divorcement. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 24:1).

a bill. Greek. biblion (Dim), a little book or scroll. Latin. libeilus, whence one "libel" = a written accusation.

Verse 5

Jesus. App-98.

For = In view of. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the Same word as in verses: Mark 10:22, Mark 10:27, Mark 10:45,

he wrote. See App-47.

you = for you.

precept = (authoritative) mandate.

Verse 6

from the beginning of the creation. Therefore there could have been no creation of "man" before Adam. See note on John 8:44.

God made them. Therefore no evolution. See Genesis 1:27.

God, &c. App-98.

Verse 7

For this cause, &c. = On account of this, &c. Quoted from Genesis 2:24.

a man. Greek. anthropos. App-123. Not the same word as in Mark 10:2.

leave. Greek. kataleipo = to leave utterly, forsake. Not the some word as in Mark 10:29.

cleave = shall he joined.

to. Greek pros. App-104. Same word as in Mark 10:50. Not the same as in verses: Mark 10:32-33, Mark 10:46.

Verse 8

twain = two, Anglo-Saxon twegen (= twain) is masculine, trd is feminine, and twa, or tu, is neut. So that "twain "is better, as the masculine takes precedence of feminine.

one = for, or unto. Greek. eis. App-104. Not "become one" (as Revised Version)

but = shall be, or stand for one flesh.

no more = no longer. Greek. ouketi. Compound of ou. App-105.

Verse 9

What, &c. Regarding the two as one. The con verse is true: what God hath divided, lot not man join together. Note the bearing of this on 2 Timothy 2:15. not. Greek. me App-105.

Verse 10

in. Greek. en. App-104. (All the texts read eis, = into. App-104) Same word as in verses: Mark 10:21, Mark 10:30, Mark 10:32, Mark 10:37, Mark 10:52. Not the same as in Mark 10:24.

of = concerning. Greek. peri, App-104.

Verse 11

shall = shall have.

against. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 12

if a woman, &c. Condition being problematical, because not according to Jewish law; it was Greek and Roman law. See App-118.

Verse 13

brought = were carrying. Impart tense i.e. as He went on His way.

children. Greek. paidia. App-108.

rebuked = were reprimanding, Imperf. tense: i.e. as they were successively brought.

Verse 14

much displeased = indignant.

the kingdom of God. See App-114

Verse 15

Verily. See note on Matthew 5:18.

not = by no means. See App-105.

therein = into (as in Mark 10:1, &c.) it.

Verse 16

He took, &c. = He kept taking, &c. A Divine supplement, here. Compare Matthew 19:13 and Luke 18:15.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

blessed = kept blessing. The word Occurs only here in the N.T. in this Tense.

Verse 17

running = running up. A Divine supplement, here.

kneeled = kneeling down. A Divine supplement, here.

Master = Teacher. App-98.

what shall I do. Ever the question of the natural man, from Genesis 4:3 onward,

eternal. App-151.

life. Greek. zoe. App-170.

Verse 18

- Why callest, &c. Note the Figure of speech Anteisagoge, App-6.

none. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "no man". Compound of App-105.

Verse 19

knowest. App-132.

the commandments, &c. If it is a matter of doing, ALL most be done. James 2:10, James 2:11. The Lord cites only some, and these not in order, to convict the questioner more readily: the seventh, sixth, eighth, ninth, and fifth.

Do not, &c. Quoted from Deuteronomy 5:17-20.

Defraud not. This is a summary of what precedes. Compare Romans 13:7-10.

Verse 20

all these. Not so. The command which follows convicts him of a breach of the tenth.

observed = been on my guard against.

from. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 21

beholding = looking upon, as in Mark 10:21. Greek. emblepo. App-133.

loved. Greek. agapao. App-135.

sell, &c. This was the tenth commandment. This command was suitable for the period prior to the rejection of the kingdom (see Mark 10:23), for the King Him- self was present, and what could any of His subjects lack? Compare Psalms 145:13-16.

heaven. Singular. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

take up the cross. [L] T Tr. WH R omit these words.

Verse 22

at = upon [hearing]. Greek. epi. App-104.

great = many.

Verse 23

hardly = difficultly. Because of their own reluc tance to part with riches: not from denial of God"s mercy.

Verse 24

Children. Greek. Plural of teknon. App-108.

how hard, &c. = how difficult: or, how hard [a struggle] it is, &c.

trust in = rely upon. Referring to feeling rather than to faith.

in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 25

It is easier, &c. See notes on Matthew 19:24.

through. Greek. dia. App-104. Mark 10:1.

Verse 26

among = to. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in Mark 10:43.

Who then . Expressing astonishment. Figure of speech Erotesis.

Verse 27

With. Greek. para. App-104.

men. App-123.

impossible. See Matthew 19:26.

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 28

began. See note on Mark 1:1.

Lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

Verse 29

left. Greek. aphiemi = to leave behind, let go, disregard. Not the same word as in Mark 10:7. or. Figure of speech Paradiastora. App-6, particularising each.

Verse 30

time = season.

houses, &c. These details are a Divine supplement, here.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. App-6

with = in association

with (Greek. neeta. App-104.)

with persecutions. Note this Divine supplement, here.

the world to come = the coming age (Greek. aion). See App-129and App-151.

Verse 32

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

went = was going on.

were amazed. This sudden awe is a Divine supplement, here.

took = took aside.

again. This was the third announcement of His sufferings. For the others See Mark 8:31; Mark 9:31, and Mark 10:45.

Verse 33

Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6), for emphasis.

go up = are going up.

and. Figure of speech Potysyndeton. App-8.

the Son of man. See App-98.

condemn. On. katakrino. App-122.

Verse 34

And. Figure of speech Polyeyndeton, continued.

mock Him. This is a Divine supplement, here.

the third day. See App-144, App-148, and App-156.

Verse 35

the sons = the [two] sons.

would = desire. Greek. thelo. App-102.

desire = ask. App-134.

Verse 37

sit = sit (in state).

on = at. Greek. ek. App-104.

Thy glory. Wondrous faith, coming immediately after the third announcement of His sufferings and resurrection. It was not a "Jewish notion" that the kingdom which had been proclaimed was a grand reality. It was a revealed truth.

Verse 38

can ye drink . . . ? = are ye able to drink . . . ? the cup. Denoting the inward sufferings. Compare Matthew 26:39.

the baptism. Denoting the outward suffering,

Verse 39

We can = We are able. And they were able, by grace. James (Acts 12:2); and John, if, according to tradition, he died in boiling oil.

Verse 40

but, &c. = but it is theirs for whom it is already prepared. Compare Matthew 20:23.

Verse 41

much displeased = indignant.

with = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 10:27, Mark 10:30.

Verse 42

Ye know. Greek. Oida App-132.

accounted to rule = deemed rulers.

Verse 43

among. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same word as in Mark 10:26.

will = desires. Greek. thelo. App-102.

be = to become.

minister. Greek. diakonos, a free servant. Not the same word as in Mark 10:44. Compare Mark 9:35.

Verse 44

chiefest = first.

servant = bondsman. Not the same word as in Mark 10:4. Note the Figure of speech Epitasis. App-6.

Verse 45

to be ministered unto = to be served. Greek. diakonizo.

and to give. This is the fourth announcement of His sufferings. See the Structure F p. 1402.

life = soul. See App-110.

for = instead of. Greek. anti. App-104,

Verse 46

Jericho. This is the second mention in N.T. Compare Matthew 20:20, the first. Over 100,000 inhabitants (according to Epiphanius, Bishop of Cyprus, 368-403. Works vol. i. 702).

as He went out = as He was going out.

The three c ases of healing here were: (1) as He drew near (Luke 18:35); (2) "as He was going out"; and (3) after He had left "two" (not beggars) who sat by the wayside. See App-152.

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

blind. The wonder is, not that there were four, but that there were only four. Blindness and eye-diseasesare very common in the East; said to be one in five.

Bartimmus. Aramaic for "son of Timnus", as explained. See App-94.

sat = was sitting.

by = beside. Greek. para. App-104.

Verse 47

Son of David. See App-98and note on Matthew 15:22.

mercy = pity.

Verse 48

charged him, &c. = were reprimanding him, and told him to hold his tongue.

cried = kept crying.

Verse 49

stood still = stopped. commanded him, &o. Note the differences with the other cases. See App-162.

comfort = courage.

Verse 50

casting away = casting aside. Compare Romans 11:15,

Verse 51

wilt = desirest, as in verses: Mark 10:43, Mark 10:54.

unto = for. (Dative case.)

Lord. Rabbonii. Compare App-98. Aramaean for my Master", as in John 20:18. See App-94.

receive = regain.

Verse 52

made thee whole = saved thee.

immediately. See notes on Mark 1:10, Mark 1:12.

Jesus = Him. According to all the texts, and Syriac.

the way. Towards Jerusalem. Compare Mark 10:32.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Mark 10:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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