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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Mark 14



Verse 1

After two days. See App-156. Compare Matthew 26:2.

After = Greek. Now after. Compare Mark 14:12. Greek. meta. App-104. As in verses: Mark 14:28, Mark 14:70.

passover. Aramaic. App-94. See note on Matthew 26:2

sought = were seeking.

take Him = get hold of Him

by. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:19, Mark 14:21.

Verse 2

Not. Greek. me. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:7, Mark 14:29, Mark 14:36, Mark 7:37, Mark 7:49, Mark 7:58, Mark 7:68, Mark 7:71.

On = in; i.e. during. Greek en. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:3, Mark 14:6, Mark 14:35, Mark 3:46, Mark 3:62.

uproar = tumult.

Verse 3

And being. Parallel with Matthew 26:6-13.

in. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same word as inw Mark 20:60, Mark 20:62.

the house, &c. Not therefore the first supper (John 12:1, &c.), as that was in the house of Lazarus, six days before the Passover. See App-156 and App-159.

the leper. Note the Figure of speech Ampliatio (App-6), by which Simon still retained the name describing what he had once been.

a woman. Not Mary; the second occasion being quite different. See App-158.

box = flask.

spikenard = pure nard. Liquid, because it was poured.

very precious = of great price.

brake. Alabaster being brittle it was easily done. A Divine supplement, here.

poured. Greek. katacheo. Occurs only here and in Matthew 26:7; not in John 12:3.

on. Greek. kata App-104. Not the same word asin Mark 14:2, Mark 14:35, Mark 13:46.

Verse 4

some. At the first anointing it was only one, Judas (John 12:4). .

within. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in Mark 14:58.

was . . . made = is come to. pass.

Verse 5

For Greek. gar, giving the reason.

pence. See App-51.

murmured = deeply moved. Occurs only in Mark 1:43, Matthew 9:30, and John 11:33, John 11:38.

Verse 6

Jesus. App-98.

wrought. The object had been accomplished. In John 12:7 (on the former occasion) it was to be reserved for the burial.

good = happy, excellent, appropriate. Not the same word as in Mark 14:7.

on. Greek. eis. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:2, Mark 14:3, Mark 14:35, Mark 14:48.

Verse 7

with = in company with. Greek. meta. App-104. Not the same word as in Mark 14:49.

whensoever ye will. A Divine supplement, here.

ye will = ye wish. Greek. thelo. App-102.,

may = can.

good. Not the same word as in Mark 14:6.

Me ye have not always. Transubstantiation is incompatible with this.

not. Greek. ou. App-105. Not the same word as in Mark 14:2.

Verse 8

She hath done what she could = What she had [to do] she did, A Divine supplement, here.

to anoint = to anoint [beforehand], Occurs only here.

to = for, or unto. Greek eis. App-104.

burying = embalming. See note on Matthew 26:12.

Verse 9

Verily. See note on Matthew 5:18.

Wheresoever. With an, with the Subjunctive, marking the phrase as being hypothetical. See note on Matthew 10:23.

gospel = glad tidings.

preached = proclaimed. Greek. kerusso. App-121.

throughout. Greek. eis. App-104.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

for. Greek. eis. App-104. Not the same word as in Mark 14:24.

Verse 10

went = went off (smarting under the rebukes of verses: Mark 14:6-9).

unto. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word Mark 14:34.

to betray = to the end that he might deliver up.

Verse 11

were glad = rejoiced.

sought = kept seeking; i.e. busied himself continuously. This is the sense of the Imperf. Tense here.

betray = deliver up.

Verse 12

the first day of unleavened bread. This was the 14th of Nisan; the first day of the Feast, the 15th of Nisan, was the "high day": the great sabhnth, See App-156. Moreover, "the preparation "had not yet been made. See note on Matthew 26:17.

killed = were wont to kill.

the Passover. Pascha., Aramaic. App-94. Put by Figure of speech metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the lamb. It was this that was killed and eaten.

Verse 13

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

a man. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

man bearing a pitcher. Most unusual, for women carry pitchers, and more carry skin bottles.

Verse 14

goodman of the house = the Master ofthe house.

The Master = The Teacher. App-98.

Verse 15

be = be himself.

furnished = spread with couches and other necessaries.

Verse 16

as = just as.

Verse 17

in the evening = the evening having come.

Verse 18

of = from among. Greek. ek. App-104. Notthe same word as in Mark 14:31.

Verse 19

began. See note on Mark 1:1.

by. Greek. kata. App-104.

Verse 20

in = into. Greek. eis. App-101. As in Mark 14:60. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:3, Mark 14:25, Mark 14:30, Mark 3:49, Mark 3:62.

Verse 21

The Son of man, See App-98.

is written = it standeth written.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:18, Mark 14:20, Mark 14:23, Mark 18:25, Mark 18:69, Mark 18:70.

that man. Emphatic,

by = by means of. Greek. dia. App-104. Mark 14:1. Not the some word as in Mark 14:1.

if, &c. Assnming the condition as an actual fact. App-118. a,

never = not. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 22

did eat = were eating. All that happened before and at this third supper is not given in Mark.

eat. All the texts omit this word.

is = represents. Figure of speech Metaphor. See App-6.

Verse 24

My blood. No covenant could be made without blood. See note on Matthew 26:28,

new testament = new covenant. See note on Matthew 26:28, and App-95. Compare Jeremiah 31:31,

is shed = is being, or is about to be shed. Figure of speech Heterosis (of Tense), App-6, or Figure of speech Prolepsis, App-6.

for = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104. But all the texts read huper. App-104.

Verse 25

I will = that I will. After the verb "to say" the conj. hoti marks off the words spoken. Compare Matthew 14:26; Matthew 16:18; Matthew 20:12; Matthew 21:3; Matthew 26:34; Matthew 27:47. Matthew 1:40; Matthew 6:14, Matthew 6:15, Matthew 6:16, Matthew 6:18, Matthew 6:35; Mark 9:26; Mark 14:57, Mark 14:58. See note on Luke 23:43, and App-173.

no more = not any more, in any wise. Greek ouketi, ou me. App-105.

that = when.

new = fresh. See note on Matthew 26:29.

the kingdom of God. See App-114.

Verse 26

sung an hymn. See Matthew 26:30.

Verse 27

shall be offended = will stumble.

because of = in, or at. Greek. en. App-104.

this night = in (Greek. en) this night. But all the texts omit "because . . . night". ([L].)

for = because.

it is written = it standeth written. Quoted from Zechariah 13:7.

Verse 28

I am risen. = My being raised.

go before. Compare Matthew 26:32.

Verse 29

Although = Even if all, &c. Throwing no doubt on the hypothesis. App-118.

Verse 30

That this day. The conj, hoti makes "this day" part of what He said. See note on Luke 23:43, and Mark 14:25 above. We have the same construction in Luke 4:2 t; Mark 19:9, but not in Matthew 21:28; Luke 22:34; Luke 23:43.

the cock = a cock. See App-160.

twice. A Divine supplement, only here. See App-160.

shalt = wilt.

Verse 31

spake = kept saying.

vehemently = of (Greek. ek. App-104.) excess.

If I should die, &c. = lf it were needful for me to die, &c. The condition being uncertain, and the result remaining to be seen. App-118. b

not . . . in any wise. Gr, ou me. App-105.

also said = said they all also: i.e. all as well as Peter.

Verse 32

came = come.

Gethsemane. See note on Matthew 28:36.

pray. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

Verse 33

Him = Himself.

sore amazed. Greek ekthambeo. A Divine supplement, here, Mark 9:15, and Mark 16:5, Mark 16:6.

very heavy = -deeply weighed down, or depressed.

Verse 34

soul. Greek. psuche. See App-110. IV

unto = even to. Greek. heos.

Verse 35

on = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

ground. Greek. ge. App-129.,

prayed = was praying; as in Mark 14:32. Here in the Imperf. Tense.

hour. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct). App-6, for what is done in that time.

from = away from. Greek. apo. App-104. As in Mark 14:36 and Mark 14:52; not the same as in Mark 14:43.

Verse 36

Abba. Aramaic for Father. Occurs only here, Romans 8:15, and Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:6 . See App-94.

(Hebrew. "ab.) Father. App-98.

will . . . wilt. Greek. thelo. App-102. 1,

Verse 37

sleeping . . . steepest. having composed themselves for sleep. Greek. katheudo; not koimaomai. See notes on 1 Thessalonians 4:14 and Mark 5:6.

Simon. The name a Divine supplement, here.

couldest not thou = wast thou not able.

Verse 38

lest ye enter, etc. = that ye may not (Greek. me, as Mark 14:2) enter, &c.

spirit. Greek. pneuma. App-101.

ready = prompt, or willing. Occurs only here, Matthew 26:41, and Romans 1:15.

Verse 39

spake the same words. A Divine supplement, here.

Verse 40

neither wist they = and they knew not (Greek. ou. App-105).

wist = knew. Greek. oida. App-132, "Wist" is the Past Tense of Anglo-Saxon wftan = to know.

Verse 41

now = the remaining time.

it is enough = he is receiving [the money, Mark 14:11]. The verb apecho, in the Papyri, is the technical word for giving a receipt. See the notes on Matthew 6:2, Matthew 6:5, Matthew 6:16. C p. Lamentations 6:24. Philippians 1:4, Philippians 1:18, Phm. Mark 1:15. The Lord knew that at that moment Judas had received the promised money, and that the moment had come; just as He knew that Judas was near at hand (Mark 14:42).

the hour is come. See note on John 7:6.

is betrayed = is [on the point of being] delivered up.

sinners = the sinners.

Verse 42

lo. Figure of speech Asterismos (App-6); same word asbehold in Mark 14:41.

is at hand = is drawn near. If the Lord knew this, He knew that Judas had received the money (Mark 14:41).

Verse 43

one = being one. See note on Matthew 26:47.

multitude = crowd.

staves: or clubs. Greek xulon = wood, timber. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for weapons made from timber.

from = from beside. Greek para. App-104.

Verse 44

that betrayed Him = that was delivering Him up.

token = a concerted sign. Greek. sussemon, a compound of the Greek sun (in conjunction with. App-104) and semeion = a sign.

take = seize,

safely = secured assuredly. Occurs only here, Acts 2:36; Acts 16:23.

Verse 45

goeth = cometh up.

Master, Master = Rabbi, Rabbi. Figure of speech Epizeuxis (App-6) = great Rabbi. Notethat Judas never spoke of or to Him as "Lord". Compare 1 Corinthians 12:3

kissed = effusively kissed. See note on Matthew 26:49.

Verse 46

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 47

one of them, &c. This was Peter (not named in Matthew, Mark, or Luke, but only in John 18:10).

drew a sword. Compare Luke 22:35-38.

a servant = the servant. See note on Matthew 26:51.

ear. Greek. otion; but all the texts read otarion. See note on Matthew 26:51.

Verse 48

answered and said. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41,

against = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

thief = robber, as in Mark 15:27. See note on Matthew 26:55,

Verse 49

with. Greek. pros. App-104.

but = but [this is done] to the end that, &c. Luke 22:37; Luke 24:44. Compare Zechariah 13:7; Isaiah 53:7, &c.

Verse 50

forsook Him, and fled = leaving Him, fled.

Verse 51

And there followed, &c. This is a Divine supplement, peculiar to Mark"s Gospel.

followed = was following.

a certain young man = one particular young man. That this might be Lazarus. is probable: (1) because he Lord had returned to Bethany each preceding night of the week; (2) because Lazarus would be looking out; (3) because of the linen robe, betokening his social position; (4) and especially because he was wanted: "The chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death "(John 12:10). None of the apostles was arrested. Peter (though suspected) and another (John 18:15) were unmolested; (5) his name is not given here by Divine guidance, because Lazarus was probably still alive, and therefore in danger. linen cloth. Greek sindon = a linen cloak (so called probably from Indos = Indian).

cast about = having clothed [himself]; as in Matthew 6:29 (arrayed), Matthew 6:31; Matthew 25:36, Matthew 25:38, Matthew 25:43 : Mark 16:5. Luke 12:27; Luke 23:11. John 19:2. Acts 12:8.

about = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

naked. Without waiting to put on all his robes.

the young men : i.e. the soldiers; as in 2 Samuel 2:14. Genesis 14:24.

Verse 52

left, &c. = leaving behind. fled.

the linen cloth = the sindon.

Verse 53

to. Greek. pros. App-104.

with him = to him: i.e. by his order or edict. and the figure of speech Polyeyndeton (App-6) emphasizes each class.

Verse 54

afar off = from (Greek. apo. App-104. afar.

even = as far as within.

palace = court. See note on Matthew 26:3.

he sat = he was sitting, and continued to sit.

servants = officers.

warmed = was warming.

at. Greek. pros. App-104.

fire. Greek. light; put by Figure of speech Metonyony (of Adjunct), App-6, for fire, because it was the light that led to his recognition, Mark 14:66.

Verse 55

all the = the whole.

council = Sanhedrin.

sought for witness against = were seeking, 7c. This was contrary to their rule: "In judgments against the life of any man, they begin first to transact about quitting the party who is tried, and they begin not with those things which make for his condemnation". Sanhedr. cap. 4 (cited by Lightfoot, Pitman"s ed., xi. 442) See the new edition of The Babylonian Talmud, vol. viii, p. 100. N. Talmud Pub. Co., N. Y., USA.

against. Greek. kata. App-104. As in verses: Mark 14:56, Mark 14:57.

found none = did not (App-105) find [any].

Verse 56

bare = were bearing.

witness = testimonies.

agreed not = were not alike. A Divine supplement, here.

Verse 57

saying = saying that. See note on Mark 14:25.

Verse 58

Temple. Greek. naos. See Matthew 23:16.

made with hands . . . made without hands. A Divine supplement, here.

within. Greek. dia. App-104. Mark 14:1. Not the same word as in Mark 14:4.

another. Greek. allos. See App-124.

Verse 60

stood up in the midst = stood up [and came down] into the midst. Showing that this was not a formal judicial trial, but only to get sufficient evidence to send the Lord to Pilate (Mark 15:1).

asked = further asked.

Verse 61

the Christ = the Messiah. App-98.

the Blessed. Used by the Jews instead of the name, Jehovah.

Verse 62

am I am [He] See John 4:26; John 8:28, John 8:58; each time followed by extraordinary effects. See John 18:6.

see. Greek. opsomai. App-138.

the Son of man. The last occurance of this title (App-98) in Mark. The first is Mark 2:10.

on = at. Greek. ek. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:2, Mark 14:3, Mark 14:6, Mark 2:35, Mark 2:46

power. Greek dunamis. App-172. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for Jehovah Who exercises it, and that in judgment,

in = amid. Greek. meta. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Mark 14:3, Mark 14:20, Mark 14:25, Mark 3:30, Mark 3:49, Mark 3:60, Mark 3:69.

heaven = the heavens. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Verse 63

rent his clothes. This was strictly forbidden. See Leviticus 10:6; Leviticus 21:10.

Verse 64

condemned. Greek katakrino. App-122.

guilty = liable to.

Verse 65

buffet = cuff. See note on Matthew 26:67.

did strike = kept striking.

with the palms of their hands. Greek. rapisma with smart blows. Occurs only here and in John 18:22; John 19:3.

Verse 67

looked upon. See App-133.

Verse 68

he denied. See App-160.

know. Greek oida. App-132.

understand. Greek. epistanai. App-132.

the porch = the vestibule. Greek. proaulion. Occ, only here in N.T.: = the vestibule leading from the outer gate to the court,

the = a. See App-160.

Verse 69

a maid = the maid. See App-160.

Verse 71

to curse and to swear = cursing and swearing. The verb anathematizo is not peculiar to Biblical Greek, as alleged; for Deissmann shows, from the Papyri, that it is of pagan origin, first coined by Greek Jews. (See Light from the Ancient East, pp Mark 92:93.)

Verse 72

word = saying. Greek. rhema. See note on Mark 9:32.

Before = that (hoti) before. See note on Mark 14:25.

shalt = wilt.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Mark 14:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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