corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Mark 7



Verse 1

unto. Greek pros. App-104.

Pharisees. See App-120.

from = away from. Greek. apo App-104.

Jerusalem. Their head-quarters. Compare Matthew 15:1.

Verse 2

saw. Greek. eidon, App-133.

defiled = not ceremonially cleansed.

that is to say. Explanation for Gentile readers.

Verse 3

For, &c. Mark 7:3-4 are interposed by the Figure of speech Parembole (App-6).

wash. Greek. nipto. App-136.

oft = diligently. Greek. pugme = with the fist. T reads pukna = often. Syr, reads

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

holding = holding fast or firmly. Compare Hebrews 4:14. Revelation 2:25. Implying (here) determined adherence to.

elders. Always denoting in the Papyri an official class, whether sacred or secular.

Verse 4

when they come. Figure of speech Ellipsis (absolute). App-6.

wash = wash themselves (ceremonially). Greek. baptizo. WH R margin read rhantizo = sprinkle (ceremonially). See App-136. .

washing. The ceremonial cleansing effected by means of water (Numbers 8:6, Numbers 8:7). Greek. baptismos = the act of cleansing: not baptisma = the rite or ceremonial of baptism, which is the word in all the other passages, except Mark 7:8, and Hebrews 6:2; Hebrews 9:10. See App-115. .

pots. Greek. xestes. A Latin word (sextarius); a pitcher of any kind, holding about a pint. and of tables = and of couches. So Syriac.

Verse 5

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

Verse 6

Esaias = Isaiah. See App-79.

of = concerning. Greek peri. App-104.,

hypocrites. The definition of the word follows.

it is written = it standeth written.

This People, &c. Quoted from Isaiah 29:13. See App-107.

Verse 7

worship. Greek. sebomai. App-137.

commandments = injunctions.

men. Greek plural of anthropos. App-123.

Verse 8

laying aside = having forsaken. Same word as in Mark 1:18, Mark 1:20.

God. App-98.

other. Greek. allos. App-124.

Verse 9

Full well. Same as "Well" in Mark 7:6

reject = set aside.

keep = observe.

Verse 10

Moses. See note on Mark 1:44.

Honour, &c. Quoted from Exodus 20:12; Exodus 21:17.

die the death = surely die.

Verse 11

If. The condition being purely hypothetical. See App-118.

Corhan = a gilt dedicated to God. A Divine supplement, giving the word and then translating it. See notes on Matthew 15:5. Leviticus 1:2. Ezekiel 40:43.

by = from. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 13

Making. of none effect = Making void, or annulling. Compare Matthew 15:6.

the word of God. Notice the Lord"s claim here for the Mosaic Law. Greek logos. See note on Mark 9:32.

ye have delivered. Note the Past Tense, thus identifying them with their forefathers. Compare Matthew 23:35, "ye slew".

Verse 14

people = crowd.

every one of you = all. But there are many to-day who neither "hear" nor understand.

Verse 15

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

can defile = is able to defile.

of = away from. Greek apo. App-104.

Verse 16

If any man = If any one. See App-118and App-142. Assuming the hypothesis, the result being yet unfulfilled. T WH R omit Mark 7:16. TR and A put it in brackets. But the Structure requires it; and the Syriac has it.

Verse 17

house. Supply the Ellipsis thus: "house [away] from".

His disciples. The third of the three parties addressed in this chapter. See verses: Mark 7:1, Mark 7:14, Mark 7:17.

asked = began asking.

concerning. Greek. peri. App-104, as in Mark 7:6.

Verse 18

so . . . also = even so.

whatsoever thing from without = all [counted unclean] from without.

cannot = is not (App-105) able to.

Verse 19

draught = sewer. Syriac reads "digestive process". purging all meats. Supply the Ellipsis thus (being the Divine comment on the Lord"s words): "[this He said], making all meats clean", as in Acts 10:15. The Syriac reads "carrying off all that is eaten": making it part of the Lord"s parable.

Verse 20

And He said, &c. Note the Figure of speech Epimone. App-6.

cometh = issueth,

out of. Greek. ek. App-101.

Verse 21

evil. App-128. Note the Figure Asyndeton, leading up to the climax in Mark 7:23. Note that in the Greek the first seven are plural, and the other six singular,

thoughts = reasonings,

Verse 22

covetousness = covetous desires.

Wickedness = wickednesses. App-128.

deceit = guile.

lasciviousness = licentiousness.

evil. App-128.

evil eye. Figure of speech Catachresis. App-6. Denoting envy, which proceeds out of the heart.

blasphemy = evil speaking in general. Matthew 27:39. Romans 3:8; Romans 14:16, 1 Peter 4:4.

pride = haughtiness. Compare Proverbs 16:5, Romans 12:16, 1 Timothy 3:6.

Verse 23

come = issue. A Divine supplement, here.

Verse 24

went = went away. See note on "withdrew", Mark 3:7; Mark 6:31,

would = wished to. App-102.,

no man = no one.

know = get to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

Verse 25

For, &c. Connect this with Mark 7:24, as being an evidence why He could not be hid.

young daughter. Greek. thugatrion = little daughter (Dim.) See Ch. Mark 5:23.

spirit. Greek. pneuma. See App-101. Compare Mark 7:26.

at = towards. Greek. pros. App-104.

Verse 26

The woman But (or Now) the woman.

Greek = Gentile, Greek. hellenis. Used in a general sense for non-Jewish.

Syrophenician. Phenicia in Syria, to distinguish it from Phenicia in North Africa (Libyo-Phenicia).

besought. App-134. Not the same word as in Mark 7:22.

the devil = the demon: the spirit of Mark 7:25.

Verse 27

Jesus. App-98.

Let the children first be filled. This is a summary of Matthew 15:23, Matthew 15:24, and a Divine supplement, here.

children. Greek. Plural of teknon. See App-108. Not the same word as in Mark 7:28.

meet = good,

dogs = little or domestic dogs. Greek. kunarion. Dim. of kuon. Occ, only here and Matthew 15:26, Matthew 15:27. These were not the pariah dogs of the street, but domestic pets.

Verse 28

answered and said. See notes on Deuteronomy 1:41 and on Matthew 15:26, &c.

Lord. App-98. B.

under the table. A Divine supplement, here.

children"s. See App-108. Not the same word as in Mark 7:27.

Verse 29

And, &c. Verses Mark 29:30 are a Divine supplement, here.

For = Because, or on account of. Greek. dia. App-104. Mark 7:2.

Verse 30

to = into. Greek. eos. App-104.

gone out: i.e. permanently (Perf. Tense).

her = the.

laid = thrown; by the convulsion. Compare Mark 1:26; Mark 9:20.

upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 31

from = out of. Greek ek. App-104.

coasts = borders.

Galilee. See App-169.

Verse 32

And, Mark 7:32-37 are a Divine supplement, here.

deaf. impediment. Not horn deaf, and dumb in consequence; but the impediment may have come through subsequent deafness. He could speak, but with difficulty, through not being able to hear his own voice. Compare Mark 7:35.

beseech. App-134.; not the same word as in Mark 7:26.

put = lay. Not the same word as in next verse.

Verse 33

multitude = crowd, same as "people" in Mark 7:14.

put = thrust. Not the some word as in Mark 7:32.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6), particularising each not.

Verse 34

heaven = the heaven. Singular. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10

sighs = groaned.

Ephphatha. An Aramaic word. See App-94.

Verse 35

straightway = immediately. See note on Mark 1:10, Mark 1:12.

string = band. Not a physiological or technical ex pression, but the bond of demoniac influence which is thus indicated. The Papyri contain detailed prescriptions for "binding" a man; and cases are particu larly common in which a man"s tongue is specially to be bound. See Prof. Deissmann"s Light from the Ancient East, pp. 306-310. The Lord alludes to this in Luke 13:16.

loosed. The demoniac"s fetters were loosed, and the work of Satan was undone.

spake = began speaking.

plain = correctly. Denoting the fact of articulation, not the words spoken.

Verse 36

published = kept proclaiming. See App-121.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Mark 7:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology