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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Nehemiah 3

 

 

Verse 1

Eliashib = God restores. The son of Joiakim, the son of Jeshua (Compare Nehemiah 12:10). He was earnest in material work, but negligent of what was spiritual (See Nehemiah 13:4, Nehemiah 13:7).

the sheep gate. Near the present St. Stephen"s gate, at north-east corner of Temple area. So called because the sheep for sacrifice were brought in here. Compare John 5:2. This was the point of beginning and ending. See App-59.

doors. Hebrew. dal = a door or gate hanging on hinges; not the same word as Nehemiah 3:20.

Hananeel. Compare Nehemiah 12:39. The partial fulfillment of Jeremiah 31:38, which stretches on to what is still future. Compare Zechariah 14:10. The two towers were on either side of the sheep gate.


Verse 2

next unto him = at his hand.

the men of Jericho. Compare Ezra 2:34. The gate opposite to their city. Hebrew. "enosh. App-14.


Verse 3

fish gate. See note on Nehemiah 2:13, and App-59.


Verse 5

LORD. Hebrew Adonim. App-4. As in Psalms 8:1, Psalms 8:9.


Verse 6

old gate. See note on Nehemiah 2:13, and App-59.


Verse 7

Gibeon. Mizpah. Now "el Jib Suf, about 4 and 5 1/2 miles north-north-west of Jerusalem respectively.

governor. The Persian governor.

the river. The Euphrates.


Verse 8

Next = at his hand. Some codices, with five early printed editions, Septuagint, and Vulgate, read "and at".

goldsmiths = refiners.

apothecaries = perfumers.

fortified. Hebrew. Homonym, "dzab. See note on Exodus 23:5.


Verse 9

ruler = prince. Heb, sar. Not the same word as Nehemiah 2:16.

part = circuit.


Verse 10

even. Some codices, with two early printed editions, omit this word.

over against his house. So Nehemiah 3:23. A true principle in all reformation work.

house = temporary erection, dwelling, home; not having doors with hinges as in verses: Nehemiah 3:3, Nehemiah 3:1, Nehemiah 3:3, Nehemiah 3:6, Nehemiah 3:13, Nehemiah 3:14, Nehemiah 3:15, but only an "entrance" as in Nehemiah 3:20. See notes on Nehemiah 3:20, and Nehemiah 7:4.


Verse 11

other = second. Compare verses: Nehemiah 3:20, Nehemiah 3:21.

tower of the furnaces. At the north-west corner of the city. Compare Nehemiah 12:38.

furnaces: or ovens.


Verse 12

his daughters. Showing how women may contribute to the work of reformation.


Verse 13

Zanoah. Now Zanu"a, about 2 1/2 miles south of Beth-Shemesh.


Verse 14

Beth-haccerern = house of the vineyards (Jeremiah 6:1): not identified yet. Perhaps "Ain Karim.


Verse 15

gate. See App-59.

Siloah = sent. See John 5:1, John 5:2. Compare John 9:7 At south-east corner of Ophel.

king"s garden. See 2 Kings 25:4.

stairs. On east side of the city. This fixes the site of Zion. See note on first occurrence (2 Samuel 5:7). Compare Nehemiah 12:37. Discovered by Dr. Bliss, Quarterly Statement, Palestine Exploration Fund, Jan., 1897.


Verse 16

Beth-zur. Now Beit Sur, about four miles north of Hebron.

the sepulchres of David. These therefore were in Zion, and include those of his descendants.

pool. See 2 Kings 20:20.

mighty = mighty men. Hebrew, plural of gibbor. App-14.


Verse 17

Keilah. Now Kila, about fifteen miles southeast of Jerusalem, in the Hebron mountains. See 1 Samuel 23:1-13.


Verse 20

earnestly = zealously. This is said, to the everlasting memory, of Baruch. Proverbs 10:7.

door. Hebrew. pethach = entrance. Not same word as verses: Nehemiah 3:1, Nehemiah 3:3, Nehemiah 3:6, Nehemiah 1:13, Nehemiah 1:14, Nehemiah 1:15. See longer note on Nehemiah 7:4.


Verse 24

house. See note on Nehemiah 7:4.


Verse 25

high house: or upper, i.e. the site or ruin of it. Not yet rebuilt. Compare Nehemiah 7:4.

court of the prison. Where Jeremiah had been imprisoned more than once (Jeremiah 32:2; Jeremiah 33:1; Jeremiah 38:7, Jeremiah 38:13).


Verse 26

Moreover. Note the Parenthesis of Nehemiah 3:26.

Nethinims. Their work was to carry wood and water for the Temple. Hence their dwelling. See note on Ezra 2:43.

Ophel = the Ophel: the hill south of Moriah. Formerly Jebus, afterward Zion. See App-68. the water gate. By Gihon. Now "Ain Umm ed Deraj, "the Virgin"s Fount". On east side of Ophel, in Kedron valley. See App-59and App-68.

that lieth out. Probably the "tower in Siloam", Luke 13:4.


Verse 28

the horse gate. See App-59.

one = man. Hebrew. "Ish. App-14.


Verse 31

the goldsmith"s son: or, the son of Zorphi.

gate Miphkad: or. gate of review or registry. Probably north-east of Temple.


Verse 32

And. This is reckoned in the Massorah as the middle verse of the 685 verses of the whole book "Ezra-Nehemiah", showing that the two books were one.

sheep gate. See App-59. The work thus ended where it had been begun. Compare Nehemiah 3:1.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Nehemiah 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/nehemiah-3.html. 1909-1922.

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