corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Proverbs 18

 

 

Verse 1

Through desire, &c. = Seeking his own pleasure, the recluse (or separatist) breaketh forth (or quarreleth) with everything that is stable.

intermeddleth = breaketh forth. Hebrew. gala". See note on "meddle", Proverbs 17:14.

all wisdom = everything that is stable. See note on Proverbs 2:7.


Verse 2

fool. Hebrew. keslt. See note on Proverbs 1:7. Same word as in verses: Proverbs 18:6, Proverbs 18:7; not the same as in Proverbs 18:13.

discover = vent.


Verse 3

the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

ignominy = disgrace, or shame (i.e. outward).

reproach = reproachfulness.


Verse 4

words. Hebrew. dabar. App-73.

wisdom. Hebrew. chakmah. See note on Proverbs 1:2.

flowing brook = a gushing torrent. Hebrew. nahal.


Verse 5

not good. Figure of speech Tapeinosis (App-6), meaning it is very bad.

to accept the person = to show partiality.

To. Repeat the Ellipsis: "[It is not good] to".

overthrow = turn aside: i.e. pervert. the righteous = a righteous one.


Verse 6

lips. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for what is spoken by them.

mouth. See above note. Illustrations: Judges 8:4-17; 2 Kings 2:23, 2 Kings 2:24; Luke 19:22.


Verse 7

soul = own self. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


Verse 8

talebearer = whisperer, or tattler.

are as wounds = are as dainty morsels: i.e. are greedily swallowed.


Verse 9

a great waster = a master of destruction: i.e. an absolute destroyer.


Verse 10

name = person. See note on Psalms 20:1.

safe = set on high. Illustrations: Job (Job 19:25, Job 19:26); Habakkuk (Habakkuk 3:17, Habakkuk 3:19); Asa (2 Chronicles 14:11); Hezekiah (2 Kings 19:14-20, 2 Kings 19:32-35. Isaiah 38:1-8); Apostles (Acts 4:24-33).


Verse 11

as = [it is]as.

conceit = imagination. See note on Proverbs 25:11.


Verse 12

is haughty. Illustration: Jezebel (2 Kings 9:30-33).

humility. Compare Proverbs 15:33. Illustration: contrast Goliath (1 Samuel 17:8-10, 1 Samuel 17:43, 1 Samuel 17:44) with 1 Samuel 17:45, 1 Samuel 17:47.


Verse 13

before he heareth it. Illustrations: David (2 Samuel 16:4; 2 Samuel 19:24-30); Ahasuerus (Esther 3:10. Compare Proverbs 8:5, &c.); Darius (Daniel 6:9. Compare Proverbs 6:14, Proverbs 6:18); magistrates (Acts 16:37-39).


Verse 14

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

sustain, &c. Illustrations: Job (Job 1:20, Job 1:21; Job 2:8, Job 2:9, Job 2:10); Paul (2 Corinthians 12:9. Acts 22:24. Romans 5:3-5); Paul and Silas (Acts 16:23-25, Acts 16:37).

who can bear? Illustrations: Cain (Genesis 4:13, Genesis 4:14); Eli"s daughter-inlaw (1 Samuel 4:19-22. Compare Proverbs 15:13); Saul (1 Samuel 28:20; 2 Samuel 1:9); Ahithophel (2 Samuel 17:23); Zimri (1 Kings 16:18); Pashur (Jeremiah 20:4); Judas (Matthew 27:5).


Verse 15

the prudent = a prudent one.

the wise = wise ones.


Verse 16

man"s. Hebrew. "adam. App-14.


Verse 17

first in his own cause. Illustrations: Saul (1 Samuel 15:13. Compare Proverbs 18:26); Ziba (2 Samuel 16:1-3. Compare Proverbs 19:26).


Verse 19

offended = dealt falsely with.


Verse 21

power. Hebrew "hand", put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the power put forth by it.

the tongue. Illustrations: the ten spies (Numbers 14:36, Numbers 14:37); Doeg (1 Samuel 22:9, 1 Samuel 22:10); Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:28, 2 Kings 18:35; 2 Kings 19:22-35. 2 Chronicles 32:21); Ammonites (Ezekiel 25:3-7); Sapphira (Acts 5:5-10); Esther (Esther 7 and Esther 8); Paul (Acts 16:28-34); the Gospel (Romans 1:16. 2 Corinthians 2:16).


Verse 22

a wife. Some codices, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read, "a good wife". Compare Proverbs 19:14.


Verse 23

The poor = a needy one. Hebrew. rush. See note on Proverbs 6:11.


Verse 24

A man. A special various reading called sevir reads yesh, instead of ish, which means "there is", or "there are "instead of "a man". It occurs three times: here, 2 Samuel 14:19, and Micah 6:10.

friends. Hebrew. re"im = feeders, from ra"ah to feed (Psalms 23:1, shepherd).

must shew himself friendly = who break in pieces. Hebrew. Hithipolel of ra"a" (App-44.)

there is. Hebrew. yesh, as in preceding line.

a friend = a lover (who loves "without cause"). Note the Figure of speech Paronomasia (App-6) in these words, which may be thus represented in English: "There are friends who rend us, But there is a lover who is closer than a brother. "

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 18:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology