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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 105



Verse 1

For circumstances see note on 1 Chronicles 16:7.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

name. See note on Psalms 20:1.

people = peoples.

Verse 3

holy. See note on Exodus 3:5.

Verse 4

face. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

evermore = at all times, or continually.

Verse 5

that = which.

wonders: i.e. the miracles in Egypt.

judgments = just decisions (given at Sinai).

Verse 6

Abraham. Some codices read Israel. Compare 1 Chronicles 16:13.

servant. Septuagint and Syriac read plural, "servants".

children =. sons.

Verse 7

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

Verse 8

word = promise, as in Psalms 105:42.

Verse 9

made = solemnized.

Abraham. Compare Genesis 12:7; Genesis 15:18; Genesis 13:14-17.

Isaac. Compare Genesis 26:3, Genesis 26:4.

Verse 10

confirmed = [He] established.

Jacob. Compare Genesis 28:13; Genesis 35:12; Genesis 48:1-4. See note on Genesis 50:24; compare Micah 7:20, and Hebrews 11:13.

Israel: i.e. the spiritual seed; in contrast with Jacob, the natural seed. See notes on Genesis 32:28; Genesis 43:6; Genesis 45:26, Genesis 45:28.

everlasting covenant. See notes on Genesis 9:15, and Isaiah 44:7.

Verse 11

The lot = measuring line. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for the inheritance measured off by it.

Verse 12

they. Some codices, with Aram, and Syriac, read "ye": i.e. not the three Patriarchs, but the descendants of each one respectively.

few men in number = men (Hebrew. methim. App-14. V) of number: i.e. soon numbered (see note on "almost", Proverbs 5:14). Compare Genesis 34:30. Deuteronomy 4:27; Deuteronomy 26:5. Jeremiah 44:28. (The opposite is "without number", Psalms 40:12.) This could not be said of the Patriarchs.

Verse 13

When they went. Compare Psalms 105:23.

Verse 14

man. Hebrew "adam. App-14.

Verse 15

prophets: i.e. those who were men of God, and His spokesmen. Abraham so called (Genesis 20:7). See App-49.

Verse 17

sent = had sent.

man. Hebrew. "ish.

them = their face.

Even Joseph. Compare Genesis 37:28.

Verse 18

Whose feet. Figure of speech Hysteresis. App-6. Further particulars Divinely revealed.

He = His soul. Hebrew. nephesh.

iron. Put by Figure of speech Metonomy (of Cause), for manacles made from it.

Verse 19

his word: i.e. Joseph"s word: i.e. his interpretation of the dreams.

came: came to pass. Compare Judges 7:13, Judges 7:21. 1 Samuel 9:6.

word = utterance, as in Psalms 119:38 = what is said; here, the prophetic promise.

tried = proved: i.e. proved his faith in the Divine promise (Genesis 37:5-11).

Verse 20

The king sent. Compare Genesis 41:14, Genesis 41:39, Genesis 41:40, Genesis 41:44.

the people = peoples.

Verse 22

at his pleasure = according to his soul (i.e. his will). Hebrew. nephesh.

senators = elders.

Verse 23

Israel also came = So Israel came. Compare Psalms 105:13 and Genesis 46:1.

Verse 24

enemies = adversaries.

Verse 25

He turned. Compare Exodus 1:10; Exodus 4:21.

Verse 26

Moses. Compare Psalms 105:17 above, and the Structure. See Exodus 3:10.

Verse 27

They. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read "He". Compare Psalms 78:43.

His signs = The words of His signs.

land of Ham: i.e. Egypt. Compare Psalms 78:51; Psalms 106:22.

Verse 28

darkness. This was the ninth plague (Exodus 10:21). All are not mentioned, not being needed. This is put first for the purpose implied in the next line.

they rebelled not: i.e. Israel did not rebel against the command for circumcision. According to Exodus 12:48, no uncircumcised person could eat the Passover. This is implied in Joshua 5:2 by the expression, the "second time".

Verse 30

brought forth = swarmed with.

In. Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6) = "[and they entered] into".

Verse 31

And = [And there came]. coasts = borders, or boundaries.

Verse 33

trees of their coasts = boundary trees.

Verse 36

chief = firstlings.

strength. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, for those produced by their strength or manly vigour.

Verse 37

their = his: i.e. Israel"s (or Jehovah"s).

Verse 38

Egypt. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6. for Egyptians; the People (rnasc), not "Land" (fem.)

Verse 42

promise. Same word as in Psalms 105:8, "word".

Verse 43

And His chosen. Pl = Even His chosen [People],

Verse 44

gave. Compare Psalms 105:11, "will I give", and see Structure.

the heathen = nations.

labour. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for that which is produced by it.

people = peoples.

Verse 45

Praise ye THE LORD. Hebrew Hallelujah = Praise ye Jah.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 105:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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