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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 106



Verse 1

Praise ye THE LORD. Hebrew = Hallelu-jah.

THE LORD. Hebrew Jah. App-4.

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

mercy = lovingkindness, or grace.

Verse 3

Blessed = Oh how happy! Figure of speech Beatitude. App-63.

he that doeth. Some codices, with two early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "they that do".

Verse 4

me. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "us".

Verse 5

chosen . . . nation . . . inheritance. Note the three names of Jehovah"s People.

Verse 6

sinned. Hebrew. chata". App-44. Note the three iniquity. Hebrew. "avah. App-44. classes of ill-doing.

we have. Some codices, with one early printed edition, read "and have".

wickedly = lawlessly. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

Verse 7

Egypt. It took forty hours to take Israel out of Egypt, but forty years to take Egypt out of Israel.

provoked Him = rebelled. Hebrew. marah. Same word as in verses: Psalms 106:33, Psalms 106:43; not the same as in Psalms 106:29.

Verse 8

Nevertheless. Compare Structure, Psalms 106:44. Figure of speech Palinodia. App-6.

Verse 10

redeemed, as a kinsman. Hebrew. ga"al. See notes on Exodus 6:6; Exodus 13:13.

Verse 11

enemies = adversaries.

Verse 13

soon forgat. Characteristic of human nature.

Verse 14

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4.

Verse 15

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.

Verse 16

saint = separated one. See note on Exodus 3:5.

Verse 17

Dathan . . . Abiram. Korah not mentioned; not because of being an "older tradition" (as alleged), butbecause the "sons of Korah" were spared. See Psalm 42, Title, and compare Numbers 16:1-35 and Psalms 26:11.

covered = overwhelmed.

Verse 19

Horeb. So called here; not because the word of a later writer, but because "Horeb" was the higher name ("the mount of God", Exodus 3:1. 1 Kings 19:8), in order to show the heinousness of the sin.

Verse 20

their glory. The primitive text was "My glory", but this was changed by the Sopherim to "their" out of a mistaken reverence. See App-33.

glory. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for God Himself. Who was and should have been He Whom they gloried in.

Verse 22

land of Ham. Compare Psalms 78:51; Psalms 105:27.

Verse 23

Moses. Compare Exodus 32:10-14.

His chosen. Not theirs.

Verse 25

murmured. Occurs only here, Deuteronomy 1:27, and Isaiah 29:24.

And. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read this word in the text; others read "they".

Verse 27

overthrow. Septuagint reads "disperse".

Verse 28

Baal-peor. Compare Numbers 25:2, Numbers 25:3.

the dead. This pertains to necromancy, Compare Deuteronomy 18:11. Isaiah 8:19.

Verse 29

provoked = grieved, or irritated. Hebrew. ka"as. Not the same word as in verses: Psalms 106:7, Psalms 106:33, Psalms 106:43.

Him. This word is read in text in some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate

inventions = doings. See Psalms 106:39 also.

Verse 30

Phinehas. Compare Numbers 25:7, Numbers 25:8.

Verse 31

counted. Compare Numbers 25:12, Numbers 25:13.

Verse 32

angered = caused indignation. Occurs only here in the Psalms.

strife. Hebrew. Meribah. Numbers 20:2-13.

went ill = fared ill.

Verse 33

his: i.e. Moses.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

spake unadvisedly. A very rare Hebrew word. Occurs only here in the Psalms.

Verse 34

did not destroy. Compare Judges 1:21-29, &c.

nations = peoples: i.e. the Canaanite nations. See App-23and App-25.

commanded. Compare Exodus 23:32, Exodus 23:33 : and often repeated. For the reason, see App-23and App-25.

Verse 35

heathen = nations: i.e. the nations of Canaan. Compare Psalms 106:38. See App-23and App-25.

Verse 36

Which were = And they became. Some codices, with Septuagint and Vulgate, read "And it became".

Verse 37

devils = demons. Compare Deuteronomy 32:17.

Verse 38

polluted. The strongest word that could be used. Compare Numbers 35:33. Isaiah 24:5.

Verse 43

Many times. Compare Judges 2:16. Nehemiah 9:27, &c.

deliver = rescue.

iniquity. Hebrew. "avon. App-44.

Verse 45

remembered. repented. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.

Verse 46

pitied. Compare 2 Kings 25:27-30. Daniel, Nehemiah, Esther, Ezra; showing that the prayer of Solomon was answered (1 Kings 8:50).

Of = Before: i.e. By.

Verse 47

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4.

gather us. Not necessary to suppose a late date for the Psalm. The Spirit of God spake by the prophets. David was a prophet (Acts 2:30, Acts 2:31). Moreover, the Dispersion was well known, being foretold in Deuteronomy 28:64. We might as well reason away 1 Kings 8:46-60, for Solomon himself prays this prayer.

holy. See note on Exodus 3:5.

name. See note on Psalms 20:1.

Verse 48

Blessed. Figure of speech Benedictio. This Doxology closes this fourth book. Compare the closing Psalms of the other books.

THE LORD. Hebrew Jah. See App-4.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 106:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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