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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 88



Verse 1

Title. Maschil = Instruction. The eleventh of thirteen so named. See note on Title, Psalm 32, and App-65. The title, rearranged as above, removes the difficulty of this Psalm being ascribed to two different writers.

Heman. Celebrated for wisdom (with Ethan, 89), 1 Kings 4:31. 1 Chronicles 6:33, 1 Chronicles 6:44; 1 Chronicles 25:4. He was a Kohathite, while Ethan was a Merarite. See App-63and App-64.

Ezrahite. Put for Zerahite. Probably the name of a district. Compare the case of Elkanah (1 Samuel 1:1.

The Psalm is prophetic of Messiah"s humiliation, corresponding with Psalm 86. See the Structure, p. 789.

LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4).

Verse 3

soul. Hebrew. nephesh (App-13), for emphasis.

the grave. Hebrew. Sheol.

Verse 4

am = have been.

I am = I am become.

man. Hebrew. geber.

Verse 5

Free = Set free: i.e. by death, so as to be free from the Law (according to the Talmud, Shabbath, vol. 151. B).

the grave = sepulchre. Hebrew. keber. See App-35.

Verse 7

upon me. Same word as "over me", Psalms 88:16, with which the member corresponds.

Selah. Connecting Psalms 88:6 with its amplification in verses: Psalms 88:8, Psalms 88:9.

Verse 10

dead. Hebrew. Rephaim, who have no resurrection. See note on Isaiah 26:14, where it is rendered "deceased"; and 19, where it is rendered "the dead". Compare App-23and App-25.

Selah. Connecting Psalms 88:10 with its amplification in verses: Psalms 88:11-13. Compare Selah, Psalms 88:7. See App-66.

Verse 13

prevent = come before.

Verse 14

face. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.

Verse 16

over me. Same word as "upon me", Psalms 88:7.

Verse 17

daily = all the day.

Verse 18

put far from me. Compare Psalms 88:8, the corresponding member.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 88:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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