corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible

1 Samuel 16

 

 

Verses 1-23


David is anointed King over Israel

From 1 Samuel 16 on, the interest centres in David rather than in Saul.

1. Oil] probably consecrated oil for anointing.

2. If Saul hear it] Saul's action, recorded in 1 Samuel 22:18-19, shows that Samuel's fears were far from baseless. Say, I am come to sacrifice] Samuel was not asked to prevaricate. God relieved him of his difficulty by giving him a definite command.

4. Beth-lehem] originally Ephrath (Genesis 48:7), 5 m. S. of Jerusalem. Trembled] For Samuel had been wont to move from one town to another to punish offences (1 Samuel 7:16).

5. Sanctify yourselves] This was done by washing themselves and removing all ceremonial defilement. He sanctified Jesse and his sons] This gave Samuel an opportunity for private conversation.

6. Said] to himself, thought.

10. Again, Jesse made seven] RV simply, 'And Jesse made seven.' The sons already named are included in the seven.

11. We will not sit down] probably to the feast which followed the sacrifice: cp. 1 Samuel 9.

12. Ruddy] This colouring is much admired in the East where most are dark-skinned. Of a beautiful countenance] lit. 'fair of eyes.' In those hot countries bordering on the desert, multitudes are disfigured by ophthalmia, as was Leah (Genesis 29:17 RV).

13. In the midst of his brethren] Probably they thought Samuel had anointed him as his follower, or to become in time a prophet like himself.

13, 14. The Spirit of the Lord came upon David.. departed from Saul] The special grace conferred by anointing passed from the rejected Saul to the new king: cp. 1 Samuel 10:6.

15. An evil spirit from God] apparently a gloomy, suspicious melancholy bordering on madness. To the Hebrew, every visitation, alike of good and evil, is directly from Jehovah: cp. 1 Kings 22:22; Amos 3:6.

22. Stand before me] i.e. be one of my servants: cp. 1 Kings 10:8.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 16:4". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/dcb/1-samuel-16.html. 1909.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology