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Bible Commentaries

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible

1 Samuel 23



Verses 1-29

David delivers Keilah and afterwards retires to the Wilderness of Ziph and maon

6. With an ephod in his hand] This is inserted to explain how it was that David was able to enquire of the Lord: see on 1 Samuel 14:18.

9. Secretly practised] RV 'devised.' There was no secrecy about Saul's methods.

14. Ziph] identified with Tell Zif, a rounded hill, 4 m. SE. of Hebron.

15. In a wood] RM 'in Horesh.' But the true rendering is doubtful. If a proper name, it was more probably a mountain than a wood (cp. 1 Samuel 23:14, 1 Samuel 23:19), and the word may mean either.

17. That also] Saul knew that Jonathan was willing to rank second.

19. Jeshimon] RV 'the desert.' It is the dreary desert of southern Judah: see Numbers 21:20.

25. Maon] mentioned in Joshua 15:55 in connexion with Carmel and Ziph. It is a lofty conical hill 7 m. S. of Hebron.

28. Selahammahlekoth] i.e. 'the rock of divisions.'

29. This v. should be joined to the next c.

Engedi] A well-watered spot on the E. edge of the desert of Judah. It still bears the name Ain Jidi. 'En' means 'well.'


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23:4". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". 1909.

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