corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible

Genesis 40



Verses 1-23

Joseph interprets the Dreams of Pharaoh's Officers

1. Butler] rather, 'cupbearer,' a high court official: cp. Nehemiah 1:11; Nehemiah 2:1. Baker] rather, 'cook.' It is conjectured that these officials were accused of plotting to poison Pharaoh.

8. No professional interpreter was available: see on Genesis 41:8. Do not interpretations, etc.] i.e. It may be that God who sent the dreams will give me the interpretation of them.

9-11. Grape juice mixed with water is used as a refreshing drink in the East. Among the inscriptions on the temple of Edf u is one in which the king is seen with a cup in his hand, and underneath are the words, 'They press grapes into the water and the king drinks.'

16. White baskets] rather, 'baskets of white bread.'

17. Bakemeats] i.e. confectionery.

19. Hang thee on a tree] rather, 'impale thee on a stake 'after being beheaded. Hanging as a form of punishment is not referred to, except in the book of Esther, the scene of which is laid in Persia. The birds shall eat, etc.] The Egyptians held that after a stay of 3000 years in the unseen world, the soul re-entered its former body, and commenced a fresh existence on the earth. They therefore took the greatest pains to preserve the bodies of the dead: see on Genesis 50:2. For a body to be devoured by the birds, as Joseph foretold, would be regarded as a terrible doom.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Genesis 40:4". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". 1909.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology