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Bible Commentaries

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Psalms 28



Verse 1

David cried out in prayer for the Lord"s deliverance from his enemies so he would not die. The "pit" refers to the grave.

"Prayer is an expression of sole dependence on the Lord for help." [Note: VanGemeren, p249.]

Verses 1-4

1. Urgent petition for deliverance28:1-4

Verses 1-9

Psalm 28

This psalm is similar to Psalm 26 , except that in this one, David"s distress was imminent. He believed God would not punish him with the wicked, and he asked Him to save and shepherd His people. The combination of confidence in Yahweh and prayer to Yahweh, that appears in Psalm 27 , appears again here but in reverse order. Psalm 28:1-5 are Lamentations , and Psalm 28:6-9 are thanksgiving.

Verses 2-4

The psalmist begged God to hear and respond to his petition. Lifting up the hands in prayer symbolized utter dependence on God (cf. Psalm 63:4; Psalm 134:2; Psalm 141:2; 1 Kings 8:35; 1 Kings 8:38; 1 Kings 8:42). The sanctuary (Heb. debir) is where the ark abode. David asked that the Lord not judge him with the sinners who opposed him. Moreover he requested that God would punish the wicked as they justly deserved.

Verse 5

David was sure the wicked would fail in their purposes since they did not acknowledge the Lord"s works.

Verses 5-8

2. Confident praise for deliverance28:5-8

Verses 6-8

Consequently, David praised the Lord. He believed God had heard his prayer because the Lord had promised to hear the prayers of the godly. The Lord was David"s source of strength and defense, so he knew his attackers would fail. Furthermore, Yahweh consistently saved and defended His people and His anointed king.

Verse 9

3. Final request for deliverance28:9

Having expressed his confidence in the Lord"s salvation, David repeated his request for deliverance. He wanted divine salvation and guidance for Israel from her Shepherd forever. This is a long-range petition for God"s sustenance in the years that lay ahead.

God"s people can appeal for help in distress to their great Shepherd and can rely on His guidance and salvation in view of His commitment to them. The leaders of God"s people should intercede for the Lord"s blessing on the people under their charge, as David did (cf. 1 Samuel 12:23).


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Psalms 28:4". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". 2012.

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