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Bible Commentaries

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible

2 Samuel 20

 

 

Verses 1-26

10. The Revolt of Sheba

CHAPTER 20

1. Sheba’s revolt (2 Samuel 20:1-2)

2. The ten concubines shut up (2 Samuel 20:3)

3. Amasa’s failure (2 Samuel 20:4-6)

4. Joab and the death of Amasa (2 Samuel 20:7-13)

5. Joab, the wise woman and the death of Sheba (2 Samuel 20:14-22)

6. David’s officials (2 Samuel 20:23-26)

The final revolt in David’s reign was headed by a wicked man, whose name was Sheba. Israel sided with him, probably as the result of the dissension recorded at the close of the previous chapter. Judah remained loyal to David. The act of David in shutting up unto the day of their death the ten concubines to live in widowhood was necessitated on account of what had taken place (16:21). Amasa being now the leader of the hosts of David (2 Samuel 19:13) is called to subdue the revolt; but he proves a failure and could not mobilize the army. Abishai is commissioned then and with him is also Joab. All the mighty men, including the executioners and runners (Cherethites and Pelethites) pursued after Sheba. Then Amasa appeared on the scene. Joab was girded around his loins with a sword which was in the scabbard and the sword fell out. Joab picked up the sword but Amasa did not see the sword in his hand. Then Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand, while he held the sword in his left. Then he smote Amasa deliberately so that he died. He might have lied himself out of the accusation that he murdered Amasa by saying he fell into the sword and that it was an accident. But 1 Kings 2:32 gives the reckoning with unscrupulous Joab for the innocent blood he had shed. Jealousy had led Joab to murder Amasa. And Sheba was killed in Abel, the city in which he sought shelter. On the advice of the woman mentioned in the story, he was beheaded. The revolt ended.

 


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Bibliography Information
Gaebelein, Arno Clemens. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:4". "Gaebelein's Annotated Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gab/2-samuel-20.html. 1913-1922.

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