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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Ezekiel 26

 

 

Verses 1-21

Ezekiel 26:1-21 — First Prophecy against Tyre - Ezekiel 26:1-21 records the first of three prophecies against the coastal city of Tyre and its leadership, each ending in the refrain, "I will make you a terror, and you shall be no more forever." ( Ezekiel 26:21; Ezekiel 27:36 b; Ezekiel 28:19 b)

Ezekiel 26:1 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

Ezekiel 26:1Comments - Ezekiel 26:1 introduces the prophecy with a word formula that the prophet uses throughout his book. Daniel Block dates this prophecy as February 585 B.C, coinciding with the same year of the commencement of Nebuchadnezzar's thirteen-year siege of Tyre (585-573/2 B.C.). 18] Other scholars offer dates of 586,587 B.C, which is several years prior to the siege of Tyre.

18] Daniel I. Block, The Book of Ezekiel , Chapters 25-48, in The New International Commentary on the Old Testament, ed. Robert L. Hubbard, Jr. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1998), 35.

Ezekiel 26:2 Son of Prayer of Manasseh , because that Tyrus hath said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken that was the gates of the people: she is turned unto me: I shall be replenished, now she is laid waste:

Ezekiel 26:3 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD Behold, I am against thee, O Tyrus, and will cause many nations to come up against thee, as the sea causeth his waves to come up.

Ezekiel 26:3Comments - History records the nations that came up against the city of Tyre after the time of Ezekiel's prophecy: the Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, etc. 19]

19] Wallace B. Fleming, The History of Tyre (New York: Columbia University Press, 1915).

Ezekiel 26:4 And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus, and break down her towers: I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock.

Ezekiel 26:4 — "And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus, and break down her towers" - Comments -Josephus, citing the ancient records of Philostratus, says King Nebuchadnezzar launched a siege against the coastal city of Tyre that lasted for thirteen years (585-573/2 B.C.). 20]

20] Josephus writes, "Nabuchodonosor besieged Tyre for thirteen years in the days of Ithobal, their king." (Against Apion 121) He again writes, "as does Philostratus, in his Accounts both of India and Phoenicia, say, that this king besieged Tyre thirteen years, while at the same time Ethbaal reigned at Tyre." (Antiquities 10228)

"I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock" - Comments - The ancient classical Greek and Roman authors Diodorus, 21] Arrian, 22] and Curtius Rufus, 23] as well as Josephus, 24] record the account of Alexander the Great laying siege to the island refuge of the Tyrians a short distance off of the coast where the ruins of their destroyed city lay in 332 B.C. The city of Tyre that was situated on the mainland has been destroyed and reduced to rubble. During this six month siege, Alexander carried the stones and rubble of the original city of Tyre and built a land bridge to the island, thus fulfilling the prophecy of Ezekiel that says, "I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock."

21] See Diodorus of Sicily, 174in G. Booth, The Historical Library of Diodorus the Sicilian, in Fifteen Books, vol 2 (London: W. McDowall, 1814), 191-198.

22] See Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander 218-24in Rooke, Arrian's History of Alexander's Expedition, vol 1 (London: T. Worrall, J. Gray, L. Gilliver, and R. Willock, 1739), 109-125.

23] See Quintus Curtius Rufus, The History, Life, and Reign of Alexander the Great 42-4in P. Pratt, The History of, the Life and Reign of Alexander the Great by Quintus Curtius Rufus, vol 1 (London: Samuel Bagster, 1809).

24] See Antiquities 11321.

Ezekiel 26:14 And I will make thee like the top of a rock: thou shalt be a place to spread nets upon; thou shalt be built no more: for I the LORD have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.

Ezekiel 26:14Comments - In the twelfth century, a Jew named Benjamin Tuledo travelled throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. He later published a diary of his travels in which he comments on the ruins of Tyre, saying, "If you mounts the walls of New Tsour, you may see the remains of ‘Tyre the crowned' which was inundated by the sea, it is about the distance of a stones- throw from the new town; and whoever embarks may observe the towers, the markets, the streets and the halls on the bottom of the sea." 25]

25] A. Asher, ed. and trans, The Itinerary of Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela, vol 1 (New York: "Hakesheth" Publishing Co, n.d.), 63.

 


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These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
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Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Ezekiel 26:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/ezekiel-26.html. 2013.

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