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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Genesis 43



Verses 1-14

Benjamin Must Go to Egypt- Jacob was making offerings to Joseph as his sons went to buy food for their survival. However, he was holding back the most precious gift, which was Benjamin. It was this gift that Joseph wanted the most. Joseph was meeting the basic needs of his brothers by giving them sacks of corn. When Benjamin was finally brought to Joseph, when there was released to them wagons to bring them into abundance and overflow in the land of Goshen. This truth teaches us that we must give our most precious in order to receive God's best. We can give sparingly and receive sparingly and receive our basic needs. God wants us in abundance, even when the world lives in lack. We must be willing to give our best, that which is most precious in his sight. We see this type of giving when the widow of Zarephath gave Elijah her last meal ( 1 Kings 17:8-16). When the widow gave her last two mites, she gave that which was most precious to her ( Luke 21:1-4). These people gave that which was most precious out of their lack.

Genesis 43:13Comments- Jacob yielded to the pleas of his sons and gave his greatest sacrifice unto the ruler of Egypt, Joseph. In giving his best offering, his son Benjamin, he opened the door for God to give back to him in great measure, providing abundantly for these seventy souls in the land of Goshen during these seven years of famine. Jacob's soul was bound in Benjamin ( Genesis 44:30), and in return, he received back from God his sons Benjamin, Simeon, and Joseph, as well as provision through the seven years of famine. He had to first give his best before God gave back His best. 255] During the first visit of Jacob's sons to Egypt, Jacob had the ability to pay his debts and supply his needs during the famine. However, as the famine progressed, God knew that Jacob lacked the ability to provide for himself and his family throughout the duration of the famine. Therefore, He intervened, requiring a sacrifice from Jacob, and in return, God blessed Jacob while the rest of the world suffered in lack.

255] Darryl Woodson, "Sermon," Victory City Church, Kampala, Uganda, 25 April 2010.

Genesis 44:30, "Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad"s life;"

Genesis 43:14 And God Almighty give you mercy before the Prayer of Manasseh , that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.

Verse 15

Genesis 43:32Comments- Exactly who were the Hebrews and how well known were they to the Egyptians?

Genesis 44:2Comments- Why a cup? We do know that his brothers ate with Joseph, so it would have been an easy thing for them to steal.

Genesis 44:9Comments- The fact that Joseph's brothers pronounced the judgment of death upon the unknown thief was a reflection of the customs of his day. We see Jacob making the same rash vow in Genesis 31:32 when Rachel stole her father's idols. The Code of Hammurabi, believed by some scholars to have been written by a Babylonian king around 2100 B.C, impacted its culture for centuries. It is very likely that this rash statement was based upon law six of this Code, which says, "If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death."

Genesis 44:14"Judah and his brethren" - Comments- Judah seems to take the leadership as he becomes spokesman is this passage. Jacob spoke and prophesied of Judah's future leadership as a nation of Israel ( Genesis 49:8-12). The tribe of Judah would lead the children of Israel in the wilderness and into battles.

Genesis 49:8, "Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father"s children shall bow down before thee."

Genesis 44:18Comments- Why Judah? Because it was Judah who had taken the responsibility for the care of Benjamin ( Genesis 43:8-10).

Genesis 43:8,"And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones.I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever."

Genesis 44:33Comments- In Genesis 44:33 we see that Judah was willing to pay for the sins of his brothers. He reveals this willing earlier when he told his father Jacob that he would become surety for Benjamin ( Genesis 43:8-9). Centuries later, the descendant of Judah, the Lord Jesus Christ, would pay the price for the sins of the children of Israel and for the entire world.

Genesis 43:8-9, "And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:"

Genesis 44:34 For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.

Genesis 45:5Comments- Joseph saw God in everything. God prepared Joseph as a sacrifice to save his household, a type of salvation. God exalted Joseph to Pharaoh's right hard. Everything that Joseph did pleased Pharaoh. God's judgement was upon the land, and, as in the time of Noah, God was delivering His chosen people from judgement. Regarding the phrase "a type of salvation", see Genesis 50:20, "But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive."

Genesis 45:8 So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.


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These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Genesis 43:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.

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