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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Genesis 6



Verses 1-8

The Depravity of Mankind - After the Scriptures show us that God is preserving a righteous seed in each generation ( Genesis 5:1-32) in order to preserve the coming of the promised "seed of woman" ( Genesis 3:15), we are then shown how the rest of mankind as a whole grows exceeding wicked until God repents that He made man in His divine plan of creation.

The Interpretation of the Phrase "Sons of God" - Genesis 6:1-4 gives us the story of how the sons of God taking the daughters of man and producing giants upon the earth. There are a number of interpretations as to the meaning of the phrase "sons of God." Some scholars believe that this phrase refers to angels who came down and married among the human race. Others suggest that the phrase "sons of God" simply refers to righteous men who took as their wives the daughters of wicked men.

1. First View: Angelic Beings Marry the Daughters of Men- This passage of Scripture tells us about one of the most unusual events to take place during the history of mankind, that of angelic beings marrying humans and producing a race of giants. The Book of Jubilees discusses this event and tells us that these wicked angels were taken by God and bound in the depths of the earth until the Day of Judgment.

"And it came to pass when the children of men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born unto them, that the angels of God saw them on a certain year of this jubilee, that they were beautiful to look upon; and they took themselves wives of all whom they chose, and they bare unto them sons and they were giants. And lawlessness increased on the earth and all flesh corrupted its way, alike men and cattle and beasts and birds and everything that walks on the earth- all of them corrupted their ways and their orders, and they began to devour each other, and lawlessness increased on the earth and every imagination of the thoughts of all men (was) thus evil continually. And God looked upon the earth, and behold it was corrupt, and all flesh had corrupted its orders, and all that were upon the earth had wrought all manner of evil before His eyes. He said that He would destroy man and all flesh upon the face of the earth which He had created. But Noah found grace before the eyes of the Lord. And against the angels whom He had sent upon the earth, He was exceedingly wroth, and He gave commandment to root them out of all their dominion, and He bade us to bind them in the depths of the earth, and behold they are bound in the midst of them, and are (kept) separate. And against their sons went forth a command from before His face that they should be smitten with the sword, and be removed from under heaven. And He said "My spirit shall not always abide on man; for they also are flesh and their days shall be one hundred and twenty years". And He sent His sword into their midst that each should slay his neighbour, and they began to slay each other till they all fell by the sword and were destroyed from the earth. And their fathers were witnesses (of their destruction), and after this they were bound in the depths of the earth for ever, until the day of the great condemnation, when judgment is executed on all those who have corrupted their ways and their works before the Lord." (The Book of Jubilees 51-11)

If we look for support of this teaching, we can find it in 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6. These verses tell us about a group of angels who are presently chained in darkness in Hell, or Tartaros, or the bottomless pit, and can no longer move about on earth.

2 Peter 2:4, "For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;"

Jude 1:6, "And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day."

These two verses indicate that these angels that are now kept in everlasting chains in darkness are not the group of angels that fell with Satan from heaven. Otherwise, there would not be so many demons that are presently moving about on earth today. Thus, the most logical conclusion is to understand that these angels are those referred to in Genesis 6:1-7. It is interesting to note that this verse in 2 Peter 2:4 is immediately followed by a comment on the judgment of the world during the time of Noah, which falls within the context of Genesis 6.

2 Peter 2:5, "And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;"

This is because in The Book of Jubilee the destruction of the world by a flood and the casting down of these wicked angels were a part of the same event of judgment from God. With all of this supporting evidence I support this first view.

2. Second View: Righteous Men taking Unrighteous Women in Marriage - However, some scholars do not believe that it is possible for angels to procreate with the human race using the logic that angels are sexless. They suggest that the phrase "sons of God" simply refers to righteous men who took as their wives the daughters of wicked men and produced giants upon the earth. However, there is little if any biblical and extra-biblical support for this view. It seems to come from those who find it hard to believe that angels would actually mate with women.

Genesis 6:1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,

Genesis 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Genesis 6:2Comments- The most popular view in interpreting the phrase "sons of God" is to identify them as celestial beings, or angels? This same phrase is used in the book of Job ( Genesis 1:6; Genesis 2:1; Genesis 38:7)

Job 1:6,"Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them."

Job 2:1, "Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD."

Job 38:7, "When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?"

In contrast, the phrase "sons of men" can be found in Hebrew poetry in reference to earthly men. Note the use of the term "son of men" in Psalm 4:2; Psalm 31:19; Psalm 33:13; Psalm 57:4; Psalm 58:1; Psalm 145:2, Proverbs 8:4; Proverbs 8:31, Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 2:3; Ecclesiastes 2:8; Ecclesiastes 3:10; Ecclesiastes 3:18-19; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Ecclesiastes 9:12, Isaiah 52:14, Jeremiah 32:19, Daniel 5:21, Daniel 10:16, Joel 1:12, Micah 5:7. Since this phrase is used primarily in the Hebrew books of poetry, it appears to be a poetic term, since there was a Hebrew word for angel ( מַלְאָךְ) (H 4397) that was used 214times in the Old Testament. Its poetic nature becomes even more evident when the phrase is contrasted with "the daughters of men" and "sons of men."

Note "man....son of man" in Psalm 8:4, "What is Prayer of Manasseh , that thou art mindful of him? and the son of Prayer of Manasseh , that thou visitest him?"

Note also: Hosea 1:10, "Ye are the sons of the living God." This is a reference to the church age and its future. Thus, in the New Testament, the phrase, "we are sons of God" is used. So:

Romans 8:16, "The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God."

The ancient Jewish The Book of Jubilees, written a few centuries before Christ, describes these "sons of God" as angels who had come down to the sons of men in order to teach them in the ways of righteousness. During this time some of them defiled themselves with the daughters of men.

"And in the second week of the tenth jubilee 449-55 A.M.] Mahalalel took unto him to wife Dinah, the daughter of Barakiel the daughter of his father"s brother, and she bare him a son in the third week in the sixth year, 461 A.M.] and he called his name Jared, for in his days the angels of the Lord descended on the earth, those who are named the Watchers, that they should instruct the children of men, and that they should do judgment and uprightness on the earth..…And in the twelfth jubilee, 582-88] in the seventh week thereof, he took to himself a wife, and her name was Edna, the daughter of Danel, the daughter of his father"s brother, and in the sixth year in this week 587 A.M.] she bare him a son and he called his name Methuselah. And he was moreover with the angels of God these six jubilees of years, and they showed him everything which is on earth and in the heavens, the rule of the sun, and he wrote down everything. And he testified to the Watchers, who had sinned with the daughters of men; for these had begun to unite themselves, so as to be defiled, with the daughters of men, and Enoch testified against (them) all." (The Book of Jubilees 415-23)

In conclusion, I believe the phrase "sons of God" in Genesis 6:2 is a reference to angelic creatures of God, while the phrase "sons of man" refers to earthly humans.

Genesis 6:2Comments- The phrase "sons of God" implies that there are no female angels in heaven, only males. Many people who have had visions of heaven and of angels testify of only seeing male angels. Apparently, during this time in history, some of these male angels because intrigued with the daughters of man and began to defile themselves with them.

Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with Prayer of Manasseh , for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

Genesis 6:3 — "My spirit shall not always strive with man" - Word Study on "strive" - Gesenius says the Hebrew word "strive" ( דּוּן) (H 1777) means, "to rule, regulate." Strong says it is a primitive root that means, "to rule," and by implication, "to Judges ," or "to strive."

Comments- Gesenius translates the phrase in Genesis 6:3 as "My spirit, i.e, My superior and divine nature, shall not be always humbled in men," i.e, "shall not dwell in a mortal body descending from heaven and having to do with earth." (see H 1779)

In a sense, God will not strive, or put up with, a bunch of sin for long without doing something about it.

Scripture References- Note a similar verse in Jeremiah 32:31.

Jeremiah 32:31, "For this city hath been to me as a provocation of mine anger and of my fury from the day that they built it even unto this day; that I should remove it from before my face,"

Genesis 6:3 — "his days shall be an hundred and twenty years" - Comments- Some scholars suggest that this period of one hundred and twenty years was not a reference to man's shortened lifespan, but rather a reference to the time before the coming of the Flood. This interpretation is why some preachers say that Noah preached righteousness for one hundred years before the Flood.

Genesis 6:3Comments- In the Garden of Eden mankind was immortal. He was untainted with sin and the characteristics of the earth were perfected for his immortality. After the fall, man's lifespan was reduced to approximately one thousand (1 ,000) years. Man was no longer clothed with the glory of God and was now subject to death and decay as was the earth. Thus, the characteristics of the earth were slightly altered along with the shortening of man's lifespan. The second time God reduced man's lifespan is found in Genesis 6:3 during the time of the Flood, where reduced man's lifespan drastically down to one hundred twenty (120) years. God did this by altering the characteristics of the earth through the Flood. In other words, our mortal bodies are not capable of living longer than this under the current conditions on earth. Therefore, today we live within the same characteristics of the earth and within the same bounds of a one-hundred-twenty-year lifespan.

Five hundred years after Noah, Moses refers to man living seventy to eighty years in Psalm 90:10 Moses. We must not think of this as a divine decree that reduced mankind's lifespan, but rather an observation of the average age of man's life. For even today, there are a few people who live up to one hundred twenty (120) years, while most of us live only to seventy to eighty years, just as Moses described. We can make this evaluation because each time God shortened man's lifespan, He altered the characteristics of the earth. But from the time of Noah to Moses no alterations were made.

Psalm 90:10, "The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away."

We know that God will one day restore man's lifespan back to its original immortality. Again, this event will coincide with the creation of a new heaven and earth. Some scholars suggest that man's thousand-year lifespan will be restored during the Millennial Reign of Christ, but I have yet to find how this change will coincide with the alterations of the earth.

Genesis 6:3Comments- Genesis 5:1-32 gives us the genealogy of Adam, in which are listed men who lived to be almost 1 ,000 years old. It is the most outstanding chapter in the Bible of man's longevity. But although mankind lived a thousand years, he was still mortal, or fleshly, and subject to death as God promised Adam before he sinned. Man was able to live so long in chapter 5 because these were men of righteousness and sin did not have a deep root in Adam and his early descendants, but as sin increased in Prayer of Manasseh , his life was shortened. Because of the growth of sin during this time period from Adam to Noah God cut man's years back to 120 years. The reason is that God was no longer willing to endure sin in a man's life for such a long period of time. In contrast, there were several men, such as Enoch and Elijah, who walked in God"s presence so closely that God took them to heaven before their death. Note:

Proverbs 10:27, "The fear of the LORD prolongeth days: but the years of the wicked shall be shortened."

There is eternal life with God, and in His presence is life, the very life that raised Jesus from the dead, and there is no death in His presence. Note:

John 11:25, "Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:"

Genesis 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

Genesis 6:4Word Study on "giants" - Gesenius says the Hebrew word "giants" ( נְפִילִים) (H 5303) means, "excellent, noble, skilful." Strong says it literally means, "a feller, i.e. a bully or tyrant," and thus figuratively, "giants." The plural form is pronounced "Nephilim," and is used in some modern English translations (ACV, ASV, GodsWord, HNV, JPS, NIV, RSV). It is used only three times in the Old Testament being translated "giants" in the KJV each time. It is used in only one other verse in the Old Testament when the twelve spies saw them while searching out the Promised Land ( Numbers 13:33). Strong says it comes from the primitive root ( נָפַל) (H 5307), which means, "to fall." Thus, at least one modern English translation reads "the fallen ones," (YLT).

Numbers 13:33, "And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight."

Genesis 6:4Comments- E. W. Bullinger says that these giants existed after the Flood because there are references to giants after the time of Noah. He asks how this could be if they were all destroyed by the Flood, since it was just this perverted event that brought upon man the destruction of the earth. He finds the answer in Genesis 6:4 in the phrase "and also after that." 121] The Scriptures are telling us that these giants walked the earth during the time of Noah and "afterwards," or after the Flood. Evidently, these angelic "sons of God" came back down to earth sometime after the Flood and again came in unto the daughters of men. We know that this took place before the time of Abraham since the Rephaim, or giants, are found among the peoples who were defeated by the king of Elam ( Genesis 14). The context of the Old Testament suggests that this time it was not in such a great measure of wickedness.

121] E. W. Bullinger, Appendix 23: "The Sons of God" in Genesis 6:2 ,4, in The Companion Bible Being The Authorized Version of 1611With The Structures And Notes, Critical, Explanatory and Suggestive And With 198 Appendixes (London: Oxford University Press, c 1909-22), 26-7.

We see similar giants mentioned again in Numbers 13:33 when the children of Israel spied out the land of the Canaanites and spoke of the children of Anak.

Numbers 13:33, "And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight."

Deuteronomy 9:2, "A people great and tall, the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest, and of whom thou hast heard say, Who can stand before the children of Anak!"

The Scriptures give us the names of three of the children of Anak who were defeated by Caleb.

Numbers 13:22, "And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)"

Joshua 15:14, "And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak."

We find a reference to other descendants of these giants, called the Emims and the Zamzummims, in Deuteronomy. Moses records for us that the sons of Esau, the Ammonites, destroyed them before possessing their land.

Deuteronomy 2:10-11, "The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites call them Emims."

Deuteronomy 2:20-21, "(That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead:"

In addition, we find eighteen references to the Rephaim, or giants, in the Old Testament, of whom were born Goliath the Gittite and his brothers. These giants are called "mighty men which were of old, men of renown" in Genesis 6:4. This is the way the Philistines viewed Goliath and his brothers in battle. Finally, we find such creatures in Greek and Roman mythology.

God sent the sword of the Israelites into the land of Canaan this time as His form of divine judgment, but it took several hundred years before a man like David and his fighting men were able to wipe out this race of creatures.

Within the context of this discussion, we may have found insight into Paul's comment to the Corinthian church when he said, "For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels." ( 1 Corinthians 11:10) In other words, we must ask the question if it is possible for such angels to be attracted to the daughters of men today.

Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Genesis 6:5Comments- Notice that God saw not only the outward actions of Prayer of Manasseh , but also his inward thoughts. In other words, these men became so depraved that their conscience no long was able to discern between good and evil. These people during the time of the flood had a reprobate mind, or a mind void of moral judgment. The only thing left was divine judgment, for repentance was no long something that they were capable of doing.

Genesis 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

Genesis 6:7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both Prayer of Manasseh , and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.

Genesis 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.

Genesis 6:8Comments- Because the Bible is a book of redemption, sin and grace are prominent in Bible. Noah finds grace in God's sight, but the next passage of Scripture will reveals human depravity and God's judgment in the Flood.

Verses 9-22

The Lord Commands Noah - In Genesis 6:9-22 the Lord commands Noah to build the ark.

Genesis 6:9 These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.

Genesis 6:9"and Noah walked with God" - Comments- Genesis 6:9 makes a similar statement to Enoch"s walk with God in that Noah also walked with God ( Genesis 5:22).

Genesis 5:22,"And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:"

Genesis 6:10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Genesis 6:10Word Studies on "Shem, Ham, and Japheth" - Strong says the name Shem ( שֵׁם) (H 8035) means "name." PTW says it means, "name, renoun." Strong and PTW say the name Ham ( חָם) (H 2526) means "hot." Gesenius says the name Japheth ( יֶפֶת) (H 3315) means, "widely extending." Strong says it means, "expansion." PTW says it means, "the extender, fair, enlarged." The Expanded Strong says it means, "opened."

Comments- The Book of Jubilees gives us the order of the births of Noah's three sons as being the same as that given in Genesis 6:10.

"And in the twenty-fifth 1205 A.M.] jubilee Noah took to himself a wife, and her name was Emzara, the daughter of Rake"el, the daughter of his father"s brother, in the first year in the fifth week 1207 A.M.]: and in the third year thereof she bare him Shem, in the fifth year thereof 1209 A.M.] she bare him Ham, and in the first year in the sixth week 1212 A.M.] she bare him Japheth." (The Book of Jubilees 433)

Genesis 6:11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.

Genesis 6:11 — "The earth also was corrupt before God" - Comments- Mankind had ruined the earth so that it was beyond repair. The corruption of men's hearts was one of unrepentance. The interbreeding of angelic beings with mankind was irreversible. The animal and plant life was in travail since the Fall.

Genesis 6:11 — "and the earth was filled with violence" - Word Study on "violence" - Strong says the Hebrew word "violence" ( חָמָס) (H 2555) means, "violence, wrong." It is interesting to note that the modern-day Islamic terrorist group located in the Gaza Strip calls itself "Hamas." 123]

123] "Hamas," Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia (San Francisco, California: Wikipedia Foundation, Inc.) [on-line], accessed 20 December 2008, available from; Internet.

Genesis 6:12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

Genesis 6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

Genesis 6:14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.

Genesis 6:14Word Study on "shalt pitch" - The Expanded Strong says the Hebrew word "pitch" ( כָּפַר) (H 3722) is a primitive root that means, "to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch." The Expanded Strong says it is used 102times in the Old Testament being translated in the KJV as "atonement 71, purge 7, reconciliation 4, reconcile 3, forgive 3, purge away 2, pacify 2, atonement...made 2, merciful 2, cleansed 1, disannulled 1, appease 1, put off 1, pardon 1, pitch 1." Genesis 6:14 is the only time that this Hebrew word is translated as "pitch." Otherwise, this Hebrew word is normally used to describe atonement throughout the Old Testament.

Genesis 6:14Word Study on "pitch" - BDB says the Hebrew word "pitch" ( כֹּפֶר) (H 3724) means, "price of a life, ransom, bribe," or "asphalt, pitch (as a covering)." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 17 times in the Old Testament being translated in the KJV as "ransom 8, satisfaction 2, bribe 2, camphire 2, pitch 1, sum of money 1, village 1." Genesis 6:14 is the only time this Hebrew word is translated as "pitch." Otherwise, it most often refers to an atonement.

Genesis 6:15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.

Genesis 6:16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.

Genesis 6:16Comments- There was only one window in the ark. Noah could only lookup. Carl Baugh makes the interpretation of this window as being a ridge vent that spanned the length of the ark. 124] Also, there was only one door, which was on the side.

124] Carl Baugh, Creation in the 21st Century (Glen Rose, Texas: Creation Evidence Museum), on Trinity Broadcasting Network (Santa Ana, California), television program.

Genesis 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.

Genesis 6:18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons" wives with thee.

Genesis 6:18Comments- Note that Noah"s household found deliverance from God's wrath. God delivered other households in Scripture. The Lord allowed Rahab and her family to be saved ( Joshua 6:25). God also saved the households of Lydia and the Philippian jailer ( Acts 16:15; Acts 16:31).

Joshua 6:25, "And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father"s household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel even unto this day; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho."

Acts 16:15, "And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us."

Acts 16:31, "And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. And they spake unto him the word of the Lord, and to all that were in his house. And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their stripes; and was baptized, he and all his, straightway. And when he had brought them into his house, he set meat before them, and rejoiced, believing in God with all his house."

Genesis 6:17-18Comments - The Rich Prayer of Manasseh - Even rich men died in the flood, which illustrates Proverbs 11:4, "Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death."

Genesis 6:19 And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female.

Genesis 6:20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive.

Genesis 6:21 And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.

Genesis 6:21Comments- What kind of food would Noah have taken aboard the ark? Since God had not yet allow man to kill animals and eat meat, Noah would have taken grains, vegetables, and fruit aboard the ark ( Genesis 1:29).

Genesis 1:29, "And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so."

Genesis 6:22 Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.

Genesis 6:22Comments- God's Patience During the Days of Noah - However long it took to build the ark, God's patience waited expectantly in the days of Noah, while he was building the ark. Then wrath was poured out (See 1 Peter 3:20).

1 Peter 3:20, "Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that Isaiah , eight souls were saved by water."

Genesis 6:22Comments- The Fear of Prayer of Manasseh - There was no fear of man put in animals until after the flood ( Genesis 9:2), so this feat was truly instilled within animals by God.

Genesis 9:2, "And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered."

Verses 9-29

The Genealogy of Noah - The third genealogy in the book of Genesis is entitled "The Genealogy of Noah" ( Genesis 6:9 to Genesis 9:29), which gives us the account of the Noah's fulfillment of the divine commission to be fruitful and multiply. Hebrews 11:7 reveals the central message in this genealogy that stirs our faith in God when it describes Noah's obedience to God in building the ark. Noah's destiny, whose name means "rest," was to be fruitful and bear a righteous offspring. His genealogy opens with a divine commission to build the ark and save a remnant of mankind so that God could restore peace and rest to the fallen human race. Immediately after the Flood, Noah built an altar and God spoke to him and commanded him to "be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth" ( Genesis 9:1). Hebrews 11:7 tells us how Noah fulfilled his divine commission by building the ark and saving his household.

Hebrews 11:7, "By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith."

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. The Lord Commands Noah — Genesis 6:9-22

2. The Destruction of the Flood — Genesis 7:1-24

3. Noah and His Family Leave the Ark — Genesis 8:1-22

4. Be Fruitful and Multiply — Genesis 9:1-7

5. God's Covenant with Noah — Genesis 9:8-17

6. Noah Curses Canaan — Genesis 9:18-27

7. Conclusion to the Genealogy of Noah — Genesis 9:28-29

The Story of the Flood - Within the genealogy of Noah we find the lengthy story of the Flood, by which God destroyed the earth. Jesus tells us that the story of the Flood reveals parallel events that will take place in the end times ( Matthew 24:37-39).

Matthew 24:37-39, "But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be."

The rapture of Enoch ( Genesis 5:24) could parallel the rapture of the spirit-filled saints, which takes place immediately before the Great Tribulation. The building of the ark could parallel the propitiation of Christ Jesus and His office of the High Priest, which will deliver many during the time of the Great Tribulation. (Strong says that the Hebrew word "pitch" ( כָּפַר) (H 3722) in Genesis 6:14 means, "to cover, purge, make an atonement, make reconciliation, [cover over with] pitch.") Also, in the Scripture forty days represents a time of tribulation. Thus, the forty days of rain could represent the seven-year Tribulation Period. The one-year that Noah rested in the ark could represent the thousand-year Millennial Reign of Christ on earth (compare Genesis 7:11 to Genesis 8:13). Noah's disembarkment from the ark and God's renewal of His covenant with Noah and the earth could represent our entrance into eternity with the creation of a new heaven and a new earth under a similar renewal of covenant.

The story of Noah's Flood refers to three dates in the life of Noah. It refers to his age of five hundred (500) years old when he bore his three sons ( Genesis 5:32), his age of six hundred (600) years old when he entered the ark ( Genesis 7:11) and his age of six hundred and one (601) years old when he disembarked from the ark ( Genesis 8:13). and of Jesus' prophecies in Matthew 24-25 have a time of warning of God's impending judgment, a time of judgment and the start of a new age. At the age of 500 he was a "preacher of righteous" warning others of God's coming judgment. At the age of six hundred (600) the judgment of God came upon the earth. At the age of six hundred and one (601) the earth ended one age and entered into a new age for mankind. In a similar way, the disciples asked Jesus in Matthew 24:3 three questions regarding warning signs, judgment and restoration. They wanted to know the warning signs of the end of the age, the time when judgment comes and the time when Jesus comes to usher us into a new age.

Many scholars suggest that the statement in Matthew 24:34, which says, "This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled," means that all of the events that Jesus predicted in Matthew 24-25 will take place within a man's lifetime. If we find a parallel to this time frame in the story of Noah and the Flood, we know that he was "a preacher of righteousness" for one hundred and twenty (120) years according to Jewish tradition. Thus, it is possible that the signs and events of the end- times will last about one hundred and twenty (120) years and end with the Second Coming of Christ.

When God shut the door to the ark Noah did not know the day and hour that the flood would come. Noah knew the season of the coming of the Flood, but not the exact time. He was just being obedient. In the same way Jesus said, "Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh." ( Matthew 25:13)

Historical Evidence of the Flood - Literally hundreds of accounts of a flood have been documented from every corner of the world. From North, Central and South America, Africa, Europe, the Near East as well as the Far East, historians have discovered some version of a flood in most of these societies. 122]

122] Howard F. Vos, "Flood (Genesis)," International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, vol 2 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982), 316-321; Mark Isaak, Flood Stores from Around the World, c 1996-2002 [on-line]; accessed 14March 2009; available from; Internet.


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These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Genesis 6:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.

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