corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Isaiah 4

 

 

Verses 1-6

Isaiah 4:1 And in that day seven women shall take hold of one Prayer of Manasseh , saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.

Isaiah 4:1 — "And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man" - Comments- One characteristic of a nation that is depressed and underdeveloped is the weakness and lack of men. There tend to few men who are financially able and capable of managing a marriage and a family. In the poor nations, such as are found in Africa, women are easily taken into marriage because there is a lack of available men who are financially ready for marriage.

The number seven always is to be recognized as a divine act of God. The fact that there are seven women to one man simply means that God judged the nation to create such an unequal balance by destroying the men in war.

Isaiah 4:1 — "saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach" - Comments- The husband is responsible to provide the basic necessities for his wife and family ( Exodus 21:10). These women are saying in Isaiah 4:1 that they will not hold their husbands to their duties of marriage.

Exodus 21:10, "If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish."

Isaiah 4:1Comments- Victorinus, bishop of Pettau (d. c 304), allegorizes Isaiah 4:1 to mean that these seven women represent the New Testament seven churches to whom Paul wrote, the man represents Christ, and the bread represents the Holy Spirit, the apparel represents the glory of the immortality, and the removal of reproach represents the washing away of a Christian's original sins through water baptism. (Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John 1:16) 18]

18] "But he wrote to the Romans , to the Corinthians, to the Galatians , to the Ephesians , to the Thessalonians, to the Philippians , to the Colossians; afterwards he wrote to individual persons, so as not to exceed the number of seven churches. And abridging in a short space his announcement, he thus says to Timothy: ‘That thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the Church of the living God.' We read also that this typical number is announced by the Holy Spirit by the month of Isaiah: ‘Of seven women which took hold of one man.' The one man is Christ, not born of seed; but the seven women are seven churches, receiving His bread, and clothed with his apparel, who ask that their reproach should be taken away, only that His name should be called upon them. The bread is the Holy Spirit, which nourishes to eternal life, promised to them, that Isaiah , by faith. And His garments wherewith they desire to be clothed are the glory of immortality, of which Paul the apostle says: ‘For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on mortality.' Moreover, they ask that their reproach may be taken away--that Isaiah , that they may be cleansed from their sins: for the reproach is the original sin which is taken away in baptism, and they begin to be called Christian men, which Isaiah , ‘Let thy name be called upon us.'" Victorinius, Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John, trans. Robert E. Wallis, in The Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol 7, eds. Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson (Buffalo, New York: The Christian Literature Publishing Company, 1886), 345-346.

Isaiah 4:5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.

Isaiah 4:5Comments- In Isaiah 4:5 the prophet draws upon the events of Israel's divine protection in their wilderness journeys as they were covered by a cloud and smoke by day and by a flaming fire at night.

Isaiah 4:6 And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Isaiah 4:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/isaiah-4.html. 2013.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology