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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Job 3

 

 

Verses 1-26

Job Expresses His Deep Grief - In Job 3:1-26 Job expresses the depth of his grief. He first curses the day he was born ( Job 3:1-10), then mourns his birth by wishing he were still born ( Job 3:11-15), or miscarried ( Job 3:16). He then declares the advantages of death over life ( Job 3:17-19). He finishes his speech by asking why he was suffering so much in this life ( Job 3:20-26).

Job 3:1 After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Job 3:1Comments- Job curses his day, i.e, the night of his conception (usually occurs at night) and the day of his birth.

1. Night ( Job 3:6-10)

2. Day ( Job 3:4-5)

Job 3:12 Why did the knees prevent me? or why the breasts that I should suck?

Job 3:12"Why did the knees prevent me?" - Comments- The NIV reads, "Why were there knees to receive me…" Note:

Genesis 30:3, "And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in unto her; and she shall bear upon my knees, that I may also have children by her."

Job 3:12Comments- Anyone who has lived in a third-world nation understands the significance of knees and breasts in nurturing a young infant. The mother sits on the ground, or on a small stool. She places the infant in her lap and he nurses the breast. As the child gets older, he continues to find security in the mother's lap and often reaches up to take the mother's breast, but now because it instinctively comforts him as much as it is nourishes him.

Job 3:13 For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept: then had I been at rest,

Job 3:13 Comments- Job was seeking rest. Demons also seek rest by entering into human beings ( Luke 11:24).

Luke 11:24, "When the unclean spirit is gone out of a Prayer of Manasseh , he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out."

Job 3:25 For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me, and that which I was afraid of is come unto me.

Job 3:25Comments- Many Full-Gospel churches in the 1980's through the 1909's began to teach that Job himself gave place to the Devil because he was in fear about calamities coming upon him. Then, the preacher quotes this verse to justify this statement. I was sitting with Jack Emerson on the tailgate of his truck in the early 1980's listening to a cassette tape of a well-known teacher when him and I first heard this teaching. That night, the Lord spoke to Jack in a dream about this teaching and said, "I said that My servant Job was perfect." In other words, Job did not give place to the Devil. Instead, it was a sovereign act of God to allow Job to be tested.


Verses 1-40

Job's Dialogue with Three Friends- Job 3:1 to Job 31:40, which makes up the major portion of this book, consists of a dialogue between Job and his three friends. In this dialogue, Job's friends engage in three rounds of accusations against Job , with him offering three defenses of his righteousness. Thus, Job and his friends are able to confirm each of their views with three speeches, since the Scriptures tell us that a matter is confirmed in the mouth of two or three witnesses ( 2 Corinthians 13:1). The underlying theme of this lengthy dialogue is man's attempt to explain how a person is justified before God. Job will express his intense grief ( Job 3:1-26), in which his three friends will answer by finding fault with Job. He will eventually respond to this condemnation in a declaration of faith that God Himself will provide a redeemer, who shall stand on earth in the latter days ( Job 19:25-27). This is generally understood as a reference to the coming of Jesus Christ to redeem mankind from their sins.

Job's declaration of his redeemer in Job 19:23-29, which would be recorded for ever, certainly moved the heart of God. This is perhaps the most popular passage in the book of Job , and reflects the depth of Job's suffering and plea to God for redemption. God certainly answered his prayer by recording Job's story in the eternal Word of God and by allowing Job to meet His Redeemer in Heaven. I can imagine God being moved by this prayer of Job and moving upon earth to provide someone to record Job's testimony, and moving in the life of a Prayer of Manasseh , such as Abraham, to prepare for the Coming of Christ. Perhaps it is this prayer that moved God to call Abraham out of the East and into the Promised Land.

The order in which these three friends deliver their speeches probably reflects their age of seniority, or their position in society.

Scene 1 — First Round of Speeches — Job 3:1 to Job 14:22

Scene 2 — Second Round of Speeches — Job 15:1 to Job 21:34

Scene 3 — Third Round of Speeches — Job 22:1 to Job 31:40

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Job 3:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/job-3.html. 2013.

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