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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Revelation 11

 

 

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Verses 1-14

The Two Witnesses - Revelation 11:1-14 describes the testimony of the two witnesses who are slain in the street and resurrected by the power of God.

The Views of the Early Church Regarding the Two Witnesses- Many people have speculated about the identity of these two witnesses in this chapter of Revelation. We can find one view regarding the identity of these two witnesses written in The History of Joseph the Carpenter, an ancient writing of the early church. This early Church document claimed the identity of these two witnesses as being Enoch and Elijah.

"But with reference to Enoch and Elias, and how they remain alive to this day, keeping the same bodies with which they were born; and as to what concerns my father Joseph, who has not been allowed as well as they to remain in the body: indeed, though a man live in the world many myriads of years, nevertheless at some time or other he is compelled to exchange life for death. And I say to you, O my brethren, that they also, Enoch and Elias, must towards the end of time return into the world and die--in the day, namely, of commotion, of terror, of perplexity, and affliction. For Antichrist will slay four bodies, and will pour out their blood like water, because of the reproach to which they shall expose him, and the ignominy with which they, in their lifetime, shall brand him when they reveal his impiety." 84] (The History of Joseph the Carpenter 31)

84] The History of Joseph the Carpenter, in The Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Writings of the Fathers Down to A.D 325, vol 8: The Twelve Patriarchs, Excerpts and Epistles, The Clementia, Apocrypha, Decretals, Memoirs of Edessa and Syriac Documents, Remains of the First Ages, American ed, eds. Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, Grand Rapids; Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company; Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, 1997, electronic edition), in Libronix Digital Library System, v 21c [CD-ROM] (Bellingham, WA: Libronix Corp, 2000-2009).

Thus, we see that even the early church writers were making comments regarding their identity.

Revelation 11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

Revelation 11:1Comments- In his book Journey Into the Miraculous Todd Bentley says that Revelation 11:1 describes the Lord conducting an evaluation of the Church. The angel measures three things: the temple of God, the altar and those who worship there. The temple represents the believer's lives or the church, local, citywide or national. When the levels of worship, prayer and intercession are right in the church, God will release His end-time power and promise of the spirit of Elijah. 85]

85] Todd Bentley, Journey Into the Miraculous (Victoria, BC, Canada: Hemlock Printers, Ltd, 2003), 330-1.

Revelation 11:2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Revelation 11:3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

Revelation 11:3Comments- Why would God send two witnesses to prophesy upon the earth at this time? One reason is because of the divine principle that a matter is confirmed in the mouth of two or three witnesses.

Deuteronomy 17:6, "At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death."

Deuteronomy 19:15, "One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established."

Matthew 18:16, "But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established."

2 Corinthians 13:1, "This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established."

1 Timothy 5:19, "Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses."

Hebrews 10:28, "He that despised Moses" law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:"


Verses 15-19

The Seventh Trumpet Sounds - In the seventh trumpet God declares that the kingdoms on earth have become subject to the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. He judges mankind with "lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail" ( Revelation 11:19).

The Seventh Trumpet Interpreted- Irvin Baxter suggests the seventh and final trumpet is referred to by Paul in 1 Corinthians 15:52, "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed." Baxter suggests the Rapture of the Church will take place at the time of this last trumpet. 86] The Rapture officially ends the Church Age, and ushers in the Millennial Reign of Christ upon earth. This would explain the opening statement of this passage, "The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever." ( Revelation 11:15)

86] Irvin Baxter, Jeremiah , Understanding the End Time: Lesson 12 - The Seven Trumpets (Richmond, Indiana: Endtime, Inc, 1986) [on-line]; accessed 1October 2008; available from http://www.endtime.com/Audio.aspx; Internet.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Revelation 11:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/revelation-11.html. 2013.

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