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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Revelation 19



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Verses 1-10

Heaven's Praises for Babylon's Fall - Revelation 19:1-10 describes the scene in heaven when praise goes forth for the fall of Babylon.

Alleluia- The Greek word ἀλληλουϊ̈ α (G 239) is used four times in the New Testament ( Revelation 19:1; Revelation 19:3-4; Revelation 19:6), and each time it is transliterated into English as "Alleluia." This word literally means, "praise Yahweh" (BDAG). Its Hebrew equivalent ( הַ֥לְלוּ יָ֨הּ), meaning "praise the Lord," is used throughout the Old Testament, particularly in the last few psalms.

Jack Taylor notes that in the preceding chapters ( Revelation 17-18) John draws a picture of a political system which has joined hands to unite the world, with a prostitute riding the back of the beast. Now, in Revelation 19:1-8 John describes four movements in this great drama of redemption. Taylor offers the following sermon outline:

Verse 1 - The Alleluia of His Redemption is completed (crowned). Salvation: event past, future accomplishment, and a present reality. It is not static.

Verse 2-3 - The Alleluia of Retribution is completed. Sin, justice will find man out. The false church and system is cast down

Verse 4-5 - Alleluia of the Reign confirmed. God is reigning

Verse 6-7 - Alleluia of the Relationship consummated. What God has started, He has finished. Death will be last that shall be put away.

Jack Taylor says Jenners put together an oratorio in 1741. It was sent to a musician in London named George Fredrich Handel, who then wrote the music, "I think I saw all heaven, God with it." 118]

118] Jack Taylor, "Sermon on Revelation 19:1-8 ," Sunday Night, Southcliff Baptist Church, Fort Worth, Texas, 17 October 1982

Revelation 19:5 — "both small and great" - Comments- The phrase "both small and great" in Revelation 19:5 does not refer to the physical stature of men and women, but rather, their positions before God's throne. This implies that there will be a reward system for all believers when they get to heaven. Some will be considered great, while others small, in the divine reward system that all of us must accept.

Revelation 19:10 — "for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy" - Comments - In order to understand this statement, it will help to refer to similar passages in the Scriptures. For example, we know that the books of Old Testament were written under the spirit of prophecy. Jesus tells us in John 5:39 that they testify of Him.

John 5:39, "Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me."

He then tells us in John 15:26 that under the New Covenant the Holy Spirit will continue to testify of the Lordship of Jesus Christ.

John 15:26, "But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:"

Verses 11-21

Christ on the White Horse Defeats the Beast and His Armies: The Battle of Armageddon - In Revelation 19:11-21 we have the description of the final battle that ends the seven-year Tribulation Period. Jesus comes from Heaven riding a white horse with a host from heaven. Other parallel passages tell us that the beast and his mighty army have gathered against the holy city Jerusalem. Jesus opens His mouth and smites them with a mighty slaughter. He then invites the beasts of the earth and the fowls of the air to gather together to feast upon the slain. We find a similar battle described in Ezekiel 38:1 to Ezekiel 39:29 in which Russia and its allies gather against Jerusalem. In this battle the beasts and fowls are also called to feast upon the dead. Thus, many scholars believe that these two passages describe the same event. Some call it the Battle of Armageddon that will take place in the plain of Megiddo.

Revelation 19:13 — "and on his head were many crowns" - Comments - The multitude of crowns on the head of Jesus Christ represents His unlimited rulership over the nations of the earth.

Revelation 19:15Scripture Reference- Note:

Isaiah 11:4, "But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked."

Revelation 19:17-18Comments- The Fowls and Beasts are Called to Devour the Slain - We find a parallel passage to this in Ezekiel 39:17-20.


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Revelation 19:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.

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