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George Milligan - Paul's Epistle to the Thessalonians

1 Thessalonians Overview



5:1–11. Teaching concerning the Suddenness of the Advent and the Need of Watchfulness.

The second difficulty or danger of the Thessalonians was closely connected with the first. So long as they had thought that only those who were actually alive at the time of Christ’s Parousia would share in His full blessedness, they had been doubly impatient of any postponement in His coming, lest they themselves might not survive to see that Day. And though the principal ground of their disquiet had now been removed (4:13–17), the prevailing restlessness and excitement were such (see Intr. p. 46 f.), that the Apostles were led to remind their converts of what they had already laid down so clearly in their oral teaching, that ‘the day of the Lord’ would come as a surprise (vv. 1–5), and consequently that continued watchfulness and self-restraint were necessary on the part of all who would be found ready for it (vv. 6–11).

5:12–22. Various Precepts with regard to Church Life and Holy Living.

12–15. From the general exhortation contained in the preceding section (4:1–5:11) the Apostles now turn to define more particularly the duties of their converts (1) to their leaders (vv. 12, 13) and (2) to the disorderly and faint-hearted in their number (vv. 14, 15)—the counsels in both instances being addressed to the community at large, as shown by the repeated ἀδελφοί (vv. 12, 14) without qualification.

5:23, 5:24. Prayer.

From these several injunctions the Apostles turn in characteristic fashion to the Divine power in which alone they can be fulfilled. Beng.: ‘non meo studio, inquit Paulus, sed divino praesidio muniti eritis.’


Works cited in Chapter 5

Trench Trench Syn.=Synonyms of the New Testament, by R. C. Trench. New Edition. London, 1901.

Blass Blass=Grammar of New Testament Greek, by F. Blass. Eng. Tr. by H. St John Thackeray. 2nd Edit. London, 1905.

E.G.T. E.G.T.=The Expositor’s Greek Testament, edited by W. Robertson Nicoll. Vols. 1.–3. London, 1897–1903.

J.T.S. J.T.S.=The Journal of Theological Studies. London, 1900—.

Hastings’ Hastings’ D.B.=Dictionary of the Bible, edited by James Hastings. 5 vols. Edinburgh, 1898–1904.

Volz Volz Jüd. Eschat.=Jüdische Eschatologie von Daniel his Akiba, by P. Volz. Tübingen, 1903.

WH. WH. or WH.2=The New Testament in the original Greek, by B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort. Vol. 1. Text; vol. 2. Introduction and Appendix containing Notes on Select Readings &c. Revised Editions. London, 1898 and 1896.

Abbott Abbott Joh. Gr.=Johannine Grammar, by Edwin A. Abbott. London, 1906.

WM. WM.=A Treatise on the Grammar of New Testament Greek, by G. B. Winer, tr. and enlarged by W. F. Moulton. 8th Eng. Edit. Edinburgh, 1877.

WSchm. WSchm.=Grammatik des neutestamentlichen Sprachidioms, by G. B. Winer. 8th Edit. newly revised by P. W. Schmiedel (in progress). Göttingen, 1894—.

Weber Weber Jüd. Theologie=Jüdische Theologie auf Grund des Talmud und verwandter Schriften, being the 2nd Edition by F. Delitzsch and G. Schnedermann of F. Weber’s System der altsynagogalen palästinischen Theologie or Die Lehren des Talmud. Leipzig, 1897.

Deissmann Deissmann BS.=Bible Studies by G. A. Deissmann. Eng. edit. by A. Grieve. Edinburgh, 1901.

Kühner Kühner3=Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, by R. Kühner. Elementar- und Formenlehre, ed. F. Blass. 2 vols. Hanover, 1890, 1892. Satzlehre, ed. B. Gerth. 2 vols. 1898, 1904.

Lob. Lob. Phryn.=Phrynichi Ecloga, ed. C. A. Lobeck. Leipzig, 1820.

Aristeas Aristeas=Aristeae ad Philocratem Epistula, ed. P. Wendland. Leipzig, 1900.

SH. SH.=A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, by W. Sanday and A. C. Headlam. 5th Edit. Edinburgh, 1902.

Z.N.T.W. Z.N.T.W.=Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft. Giessen, 1900—.

Moulton Moulton Prolegg.=A Grammar of New Testament Greek, by J. H. Moulton. Vol. 1. Prolegomena. 2nd Edit. Edinburgh, 1906.

Burton Burton=Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of New Testament Greek, by E. D. Burton. 2nd Edit. Edinburgh, 1894.

Field Field Notes=Notes on the Translation of the New Testament (being Otium Norvicense 3.), by F. Field. Cambridge, 1899.

Crönert Crönert=Memoria Graeca Herculanensis, by G. Crönert. Leipzig, 1903.

Ramsay Ramsay C. and B.=The Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, by W. M. Ramsay. Vol. 1. in two parts. Oxford, 1895–97.

Archiv Archiv=Archiv für Papyrusforschung, ed. U. Wilcken. Leipzig, 1901—.

Suicer Suicer Thesaurus=Thesaurus Ecclesiasticus e Patribus Graecis, by J. C. Suicer. Amsterdam, 1682.

Exp. Exp.=The Expositor. London, 1875—. Cited by series, volume, and page.

Hauck Hauck Revelation 3=Herzog’s Realencyclopädie, 3rd Edit. by A. Hauck. Leipzig, 1896—.

Rutherford Rutherford N.P.=The New Phrynichus, by W. G. Rutherford. London, 1881.


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Milligan, George. "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians:4 Overview". "George Milligan - Paul's Epistle to the Thessalonians".

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